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By Leonard David,

The European Space Agency is pressing forward in its plans to set up a permanent human outpost on the moon.

This envisioned "moon village," a product of international collaboration between spacefaring nations, will be a base for science, business, mining and even tourism, Johann-Dietrich Wörner, director general of the European Space Agency (ESA), said during the 32nd Space Symposium earlier this month.

The moon village would be open for use by ESA member states and other nations around the globe, Wörner said. ESA regards the moon as the next logical destination for humans beyond low Earth orbit, and utilizing Earth's nearest neighbor should pave the way for human missions to Mars, he added.

"I think we should go first to the moon and then further on," Wörner said on April 13, during a session at the symposium called "New Generation Space Leaders Panel: The Future of Human Spaceflight."

"I would not call Mars the ultimate goal. I am quite sure humans will go further," he added.

Wörner said the term "moon village" was chosen advisedly, to help people understand the purpose of such an outpost.

Inside look at one idea the European Space Agency is exploring in its formulation of a "moon village" that incorporates 3D printing.Foster + Partners / ESA

"A village is something where different people are gathering with different capabilities, different opportunities, and then they build a community," Wörner said. "It’s not one village with some houses, a church."

The idea, he added, is to bring together a variety of different actors from the public and private sectors.

"But for me, it’s also a stepping-stone, a test bed ... to go further, for instance, to Mars and beyond," Wörner said.

NASA aims to get astronauts to the vicinity of Mars by the end of the 2030s. This ambitious effort will require broad international cooperation, space agency officials have said.

Lunar exploration will likely get a big boost in the next decade, thanks to rising interest in the moon in Europe and other parts of the world.

That view is expressed in a new ESA brochure now in circulation. The brochure draws upon findings from a conference called "International Symposium on Moon 2020-2030: A New Era of Human and Robotic Exploration," which was held in December at ESA's European Space Research and Technology Center in Noordwijk, the Netherlands.

This is a condensed version of an article that appeared on Read the original story here. Leonard David is author of "Mars: Our Future on the Red Planet," to be published by National Geographic this October. Follow on Twitter, Facebook or Google+. Originally published on