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Poll: Abortion, Trump boost midterm prospects for Democrats

Republicans maintain significant advantages on economy, crime and immigration in the latest NBC News national poll.
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Democrats have pulled even with Republicans ahead of November’s midterm elections, fueled by six in 10 voters who disapprove of the Supreme Court decision to overturn Roe v. Wade; President Joe Biden’s approval rating improving to its highest mark since October; and by Donald Trump’s favorability rating dropping to its lowest point in more than a year.

Still, Republicans maintain key advantages that could catapult them to win control of Congress and governors' mansions across the country, including 63% of voters who believe that their income is falling behind the cost of living, as well as 58% who disapprove of Biden’s handling of the economy. 

These are the results of a new national NBC News poll, which finds the parties tied on congressional preference among registered voters, 46%-46%, with Democrats narrowly trailing Republicans in election interest. 

Yet what maybe stands out the most from the survey are the two starkly different issue campaigns the parties are running, with the Republican Party holding all-time high advantages on the economy, crime and border security, versus Democrats’ all-time high on abortion and a double-digit edge on health care. 

“We often think about wave elections,” said Democratic pollster Jeff Horwitt of Hart Research Associates, who conducted this survey with Republican pollster Bill McInturff of Public Opinion Strategies. 

“But this year, we may think instead about a ‘waves’ election where unprecedentedly strong crosscurrents push voters in different directions, with an end result that may not be what we expected.”

McInturff, the GOP pollster, agrees. 

“There is a campaign about the economy, cost of living, crime, and border security, and Republicans are winning this campaign,” he said.

“But there is a second campaign on abortion, democracy and climate change, and Democrats are winning that campaign.”

In the poll, 46% of registered voters say they prefer Republicans to control Congress as the outcome from the November elections, versus an equal 46% who want Democrats in charge. 

That’s essentially unchanged from last month’s NBC News poll, which had Republicans ahead by 2 points, 47%-45%, well within that poll’s margin of error. 

In this new poll, Democrats enjoy advantages among Black voters (77%-8%), those in the age group 18-34 (57%-33%), whites with college degrees (58%-38%), women (53%-40%) and Latinos (46%-42%).

Republicans, meanwhile, have the edge among men (53%-39%), whites (54%-41%), independents (43%-37%) and whites without college degrees (64%-31%). 

When it comes to enthusiasm about the upcoming midterms, 69% of Republican voters express a high level of interest in the election — registering either a 9 or 10 on a 10-point scale — versus 66% of Democrats who do so.

That’s essentially unchanged from August, when 68% of Republicans and 66% of Democrats expressed high interest. But earlier in the year, Republicans had been enjoying a double-digit advantage on enthusiasm. 

Biden’s approval rises to 45%

The NBC News poll also finds 45% of registered voters approving of President Biden’s overall job (up 3 points from last month), versus 52% who disapprove (down 3 points). 

It’s Biden’s highest approval rating in the poll since last October. 

The improvement for Biden has come primarily from core parts of the Democratic base, including women (who went from 47% approve in August to 52% approve in this survey), Latinos (from 40% to 48%) and voters 18-34 (from 36% to 48%).

Still, Biden is underwater with other key demographic groups like independents (just 36% approve of his job performance), suburban voters (43%) and seniors (47%).

“45% [approval] has always traditionally been a flashing warning sign for an incumbent American president,” said McInturff, the GOP pollster.

On the issues, 42% of all voters approve of the president’s handling of foreign policy, 40% approve of his handling of the economy, 36% approve of his handling of border security and immigration, and 30% approve of his handling of the cost of living. 

Asked whether Biden’s policies have helped or hurt economic conditions, 47% of voters say they’ve hurt, 23% say they’ve helped and 28% say they haven’t made much of a difference. 

The Trump factor

While Biden’s approval rating has inched up, Donald Trump’s favorability has ticked down to one of the lowest levels of his post-presidency. 

According to the poll, 34% have a positive view of the ex-president, versus 54% who have a negative view (-20). 

Trump’s net score is down slightly from August (when it was 36% positive, 54% negative) and May (36% positive, 51% negative), and and is at its lowest since April 2021 (32% positive, 55% negative). 

By comparison, Biden’s favorability score in the new NBC News poll is 42% positive, 47% (-5).

And asked whether the different investigations into alleged wrongdoing by Trump should continue or stop, 56% of all voters say they should continue — including 92% of Democrats, 56% of independents, but just 19% of Republicans who believe that. 

By contrast, 41% say the investigations should stop. 

The Democrat vs. GOP issue battle

Like in August, respondents in this latest NBC News poll say the most important issues facing the country are “threats to democracy” (20% of voters picked that as their as number one issue), the cost of living (18%), jobs and the economy (16%) and immigration and the situation at the border (12%). 

Testing which party better handles 12 different midterm issues, Republicans have a 19-point advantage over Democrats on dealing with the economy (an all-time GOP high in the poll), a 23-point edge on dealing with crime (another all-time high) and a 36-point advantage in dealing with border security (yet another all-time high). 

Democrats, meanwhile, enjoy their biggest leads on protecting democracy (7-point advantage over Republicans), dealing with education (11 points), health care (20 points) and dealing with abortion (22 points — an all-time high for them in the survey).

And on the topic of abortion, 61% of voters say they disapprove the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in June overturning Roe v. Wade, compared with 37% who approve. 

That’s consistent with last month’s poll, when 58% disapproved and 38% approved. 

The NBC News poll was conducted Sept. 9-13 of 1,000 registered voters — including 750 respondents reached by cell phone — and it has an overall margin of error of plus-minus 3.1 percentage points.