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People wave pride flags in Mexico City
People wave pride flags in Mexico City during the Mexico City Pride Parade on June 25, 2022.Hector Vivas / Getty Images file

Poll shows sharp divides over gender identity, pronoun use

Nearly two-thirds of Americans say they believe there are only two gender identities, versus 34% who disagree.


A new national poll from PRRI finds Americans’ views on gender identity, pronoun use and teaching about same-sex relationships in school deeply divided by party affiliation, age and religion.

Overall, 65% of all Americans believe there are only two gender identities, while 34% disagree and say there are many gender identities.

But inside those numbers are sharp differences. Fully 90% of Republicans say there are just two genders, versus 66% of independents and 44% of Democrats who believe the same.

What’s more, 92% of white evangelical Christians, 71% of Black protestants, 69% of white Catholics and 66% of Latino Catholics believe there are only two genders, compared with 46% of those who don’t have a religious affiliation.

And by age, 69% of Silent Generation respondents and 68% of Baby Boomers say there are only two genders, versus 57% of younger respondents from Generation Z.

Similar divides exist on the matter of using gender-neutral pronouns — like “they” instead of “he” or “she.”

Overall in the PRRI poll, 35% of Americans say they are comfortable if a friend uses gender-neutral pronouns, while 40% say they are uncomfortable; 23% say it wouldn’t matter either way.

But by party, 65% of Republican say they’d be uncomfortable with gender-neutral pronouns, versus 38% of independents who say that and just 24% of Democrats.

Finally, the PRRI poll finds 34% of respondents saying that same-sex romantic relationships are never appropriate to discuss or teach in public K-12 schools.

That includes 55% of Republicans, but just 32% of independents and 18% of Democrats.

The online PRRI poll was conducted March 9-23 of more than 5,000 adults, and it has a margin of error of plus-minus 1.5 percentage points.