As Filipino WWII Immigration Program Begins, Rules May Be Sticking Point for Vets
In this March 27, 2015 photo, Filipino World War II veteran Artemio Caleda holds up a family photo at his home in Ewa Beach, Hawaii. Although the shrapnel scar Caleda picked up picked up during World War II is now seven decades old and faint, it serves as a stinging reminder that Caleda is still fighting a battle: to have his three grown sons join him in the United States.Dennis Oda / /Honolulu Star-Advertiser via AP file
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Filipino World War II veterans looking forward to the June 8 start of a new program that would shorten 20-year waits for family members still in the Philippines may get a short of reality. Qualifying for parole will be almost as difficult, if not more so, than claiming other long-awaited benefits due to them, a leading advocate for the Filipino veterans told NBC News.
“I am cautiously optimistic that the USCIS will expeditiously implement the parole program,” Eric Lachica, executive director of the American Coalition for Filipino Veterans, told NBC News. “There seems to be many challenges that would be faced by the veteran or widow or beneficiary in qualifying and obtaining parole visas.”
Lachica said the process of documenting one’s qualifying service is the same as that for the equity lump sum payouts given to the veterans in 2009. Many veterans who were recognized by a 1946 list are not included in a revised 1948 list which could disqualify many from the parole program, Lachica said.
“The Department of Defense makes the determination on whether military service is recognized or not,” Daniel Cosgrove of the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services told NBC News. He indicated USCIS officers may exercise some discretion based on humanitarian reasons, but only if the veteran’s WWII service record is recognized.
But even if a veteran and their spouse are deceased, qualifying children, married and unmarried sons and daughters, and brothers and sisters still in the Philippines may also be eligible to apply. Once qualified, the process requires an I-131 humanitarian parole application and multiple other forms establishing financial support.
The USCIS also warned against and scams involving help with the program in a June conference call.
But Lachica said even a reputable lawyer could charge nearly $800 for a simple case. On top of that, there are fees that could reach in excess of $360 just to apply, though fee waivers are available, Lachica said.
Emil Guillermo is an award-winning TV journalist, and former host of NPR’s “All Things Considered.” His book, “Amok: Essays from an Asian American Perspective” won an American Book Award. His columns on Asian America have been syndicated nationally, and can be seen on the the Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund blog (http://www.aaldef.org/blog). His current project is writing and performing the “Amok Monologues,” a series of journalistic theater pieces. He lives in California.