ALEXANDRIA, Virginia — A federal jury convicted former Trump campaign chairman Paul Manafort on eight felony counts on Tuesday after four days of deliberation and 12 days of arguments, evidence and witnesses. .
Manafort was on trial for 18 charges of tax evasion and money laundering; the judge declared a mistrial on 10 of those charges after the jury failed to reach consensus. The trial is the first to arise from special counsel Robert Mueller's investigation into election interference, though the charges did not involve Manafort's time with Trump.
Prosecutors built a case that Manafort for years hid millions from U.S. tax authorities in overseas accounts, spending the money to maintain a lavish lifestyle and lying to banks to generate more cash.
Manafort's lead attorney said his client, who faces an estimated seven to nine years in prison, is evaluating his options. Prosecutors have until Aug. 29 to decide what they will do about the 10 mistrial charges.
All the top moments and analysis below.
A federal jury in Virginia convicted Paul Manafort, President Donald Trump's former campaign chairman, on eight counts on Tuesday, but the judge declared a mistrial on the 10 other charges he faced.
Manafort was convicted on five counts of tax fraud, one count of failing to file reports of foreign bank and financial accounts and two counts of bank fraud. A mistrial was declared in three counts of failing to file reports of foreign bank and financial accounts, and seven counts of bank fraud and bank fraud conspiracy.
The trial was the first public test of special counsel Robert Mueller's investigation, and while the special counsel was vindicated, the victory wasn't total.
The jury has been sent back for further deliberations by Judge Ellis at 11:55. He said, "You should not change your honest conviction soley for the purpose of other jurors or just to come to a verdict.
Judge Ellis implored them to come to consensus, and if they then could not,he would consider the necessity of a hung jury.
The jury began Day 4 of deliberations in the Manafort fraud trial at 9:37 a.m., and just before 11 a.m., the jury delivered a note to the judge, prompting a flurry of activity.
It was a question, not a verdict: What if we can't come to a consensus on one count?
Judge Ellis brought the jury into the courtroom promptly at 9:30 a.m. Monday morning and called roll. Jurors were asked if they were able to stay away from news reports and other influences over the weekend, and they all answered that they had.
Deliberations resumed at 9:34 a.m.
Judge Ellis dismissed the jury for the weekend and told them to reconvene at 9:30 a.m. Monday.
Jurors were dismissed at 4:55 p.m.
The jury gave Judge Ellis a note to let him know that they'll finish deliberations for the day at 5 p.m, because one of the members of the jury has an event they'd like to attend tonight.
Court will reconvene at 4:50 p.m. After that, the jury will be asked what time they wish to report on Monday.
District Court Judge T.S. Ellis, who is overseeing the bank and tax fraud trial of former Trump campaign chairman Paul Manafort, said Friday that he has received threats that necessitate U.S. marshal protection to and from the courthouse.
"I had no idea that this case would excite these emotions, I will tell you that frankly," Ellis told the court as the jury deliberated for a second day. The case is being tried in Alexandria, Virginia.
Ellis's admission came during an afternoon hearing brought by a coalition of media outlets, including NBC News, to unseal juror names and bench conference transcripts of conversations the judge had with the defense and the prosecution.
The jury resumed deliberations at 9:37 a.m. on Friday after being empaneled by Judge T.S. Ellis.
Judge Ellis also responded to a request from media organizations to unseal certain documents. Ellis granted the request to intervene and will schedule a hearing to hear arguments "sometime after 2 p.m."
He reiterated that all sealings in the case will be unsealed after the trial is over. It would be disruptive to unseal certain documents during the trial, he said. Nevertheless, he will consider the request.
"I'm no stranger to criticism," Ellis said. "This case has brought it to a new level."
The note, delivered to Judge Ellis minutes ago, contains four questions from the jury. The judge heard argument from both sides as to the answers.
Court is now dismissed for the day, and the jury will resume deliberations at 9:30 a.m. Friday.
Here are the questions from the jury, and the answers the judge gave.
Question: Is one required to file an FBAR if they own less than 50% of the company and no signatory authority?
Answer: After suggestion from the prosecution, Judge Ellis reread Jury Instruction #53, which defined FBARs, and the details surrounding FBARS.
ELLIS: A person is an owner of record (Owner of FBAR) if a person is acting on behalf of a US person with access and control of the account, OR if a US person who owned more than 50% of company.
Q: Define "shelf company"?
A: Rely on collective recollection.
Q: Can you redefine reasonable doubt?
A: The government is not required to prove beyond "all possible doubt," just doubt that can be reasoned.
Q: Can the exhibit list be amended to include the indictment?
The jury of six men and six women will soon begin to decide the fate of Paul Manafort. Judge T.S. Ellis brought in the jury to call roll and laid out the ground rules for deliberation.
"You may deliberate as little or as much as you like," Judge Ellis said.
The jury requested to deliberate in their break room because the actual jury room is too small. Ellis talked about how he was involved in the layout of the courthouse when it was being built. "I didn't pay attention to the size of the jury rooms," Ellis said. "I certainly paid attention to the size of my quarters."
Ellis granted the request.
Ellis called for a five minute recess after dismissing the jury to deliberate. Ellis said that he has other matters during the day and asked if those parties were in the courtroom.
"Mr. Trump, are you here?" he asked the courtroom. The response in the crowd was a mix of laughter and shock. Manafort himself turned around to look at the crowd with a smile.
Jim Trump, an local attorney, stood up and said that his case was next on the docket.
Judge Ellis spent about almost two hours instructing the jurors on the ins and outs of the case. In particular, he reminded them that the defendant is not obligated to prove anything.
Judge Ellis told the jury to acquit Manafort "if the evidence leaves you with a reasonable doubt". He also instructed the jury to ignore any impression they might have inferred about the Department of Justice's motives or lack of motives. Jurors are not allowed to use electronic devices, Ellis said. Ellis declined to read aloud the whole list of banned devices. "Good heavens, this list is outdated. No Blackberrys," Ellis joked.
Ellis also encouraged the jurors not to talk to the media after the trial is over. "I might suggest that you have a duty of confidentiality," Ellis said, though he stressed that it is not an enforceable order. "I hope you take it seriously."
Four juror alternates were also dismissed.
Twelve main jurors will return to court at 9:30 a.m. tomorrow to start deliberations.
Manafort attorney Kevin Downing wasted no time trashing Rick Gates, laying responsibility for FBAR filings, false information provided to accountants, and Manafort's foreign accounts at his feet.
“He is the one who had the signing authority,” he said. Downing said Manafort trusted Gates so much that he gave him the keys to his financials. “What a mistake that was.”
Downing told the jury the Rick Gates they saw was the one the government wanted them to see: a “clean shaven, decent person.”
But he “fell apart,” Downing said, and “showed himself to be the liar that he is,” and pointed to Gates’s hesitance to use the word “embezzle” during cross examination.
Closing out his argument, Downing said, “The government hasn’t met its burden beyond a reasonable doubt that Paul Manafort knowingly and wittingly” committed these offenses.
He thanked the jury for their consideration, and asked “that Mr. Manafort be found not guilty of all charges.”
Manafort attorney Richard Westling has kicked off his closing argument, which he will split with Kevin Downing.
Westling start by re-introducing himself to the jury, saying he and his team “are proud and honored to be able to represent Paul Manafort throughout this trial.”
He thanked the jury for their time, attention and service.
He emphasized that Manafort has the presumption of innocence, while the government maintains the burden of proof to prove beyond a reasonable doubt he is guilty. He added that the defense has non burden of proof, and they made the decision not to put up any evidence. “Your job is to ensure the burden is met,” he said.
“Mr. Manafort is innocent,” and will be until the jury rules otherwise, Westling said.
Westling also displayed a chart showing the scale from proven not guilty up through guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.”
“It is not enough to think someone is probably guilty or likely guilty,” he said. He asked the jury to keep this rating scale in mind, and to “hold the government to its burden, ladies and gentlemen.”
Westling then moved on to Manafort’s reputation as a talented political consultant who “endeavored to serve,” working for the campaigns of Gerald Ford, Ronald Reagan, George HW Bush, Bob Dole and Donald Trump.
He spoke of setting up successful consultancies, adding “he turned to other people to work as a team.” And he said Manafort’s involving bookkeepers, accountants and Gates into his finances was “not consistent with someone attempting to commit a fraud.”
Hinting at Gates, Westling said Manafort relied on people in his consultancies — “Sometimes they are trustworthy, sometimes they are not.”
Paul Manafort lied to hide the full extent of his wealth from U.S. tax authorities and lied some more to obtain loans that would continue to fund his luxurious lifestyle, prosecutors said Wednesday during the closing arguments of the federal fraud trial of President Donald Trump's former campaign chairman.
"Mr. Manafort lied when he had money and lied to get more money when he didn't," prosecutor Greg Andres told the jury at the start of his two-hour closing argument. "This is a case about lies."
Good morning. We'll hear closing arguments when court resumes today, beginning with the prosecution. In the meantime, here's a recap of the trial by the numbers, compiled by NBC News from official court transcripts.
27 witnesses on behalf of the government
0 witnesses on behalf of the defense
367 exhibits admitted on behalf of the government
12 exhibits admitted on behalf of the defense
Current as of Aug. 14, 2018 at 3 p.m.
The defense rested its case earlier Tuesday without calling any witnesses. Why?
"This is the United States of America. You're presumed innocent until proven guilty. We believe the government cannot meet that burden," Manafort defense attorney Kevin Downing told members of the media after leaving court.
Later in the afternoon, Judge T.S. Ellis adjourned court for the day after the charging conference, or a meeting between a judge and the lawyers from the defense and prosecution.
Both sides submitted proposed changes to the draft jury instructions. The draft included 87 instructions to the jury but the final instructions were reduced to 83. All changes were agreed upon with the exception of one concerning comments that Judge Ellis has made during witness testimony.
Prosecutor Greg Andres, in particular, took issue with a comment that Ellis made during Rick Gates' testimony. Gates testified that Paul Manafort watched his finances very closely, "down to the penny". At the time, Ellis spoke up and said that Manafort must not have watched his finances that closely if Gates was able to embezzle from him.
After Andres gave this example, Judge Ellis joked, "That really hurt the government, didn't it?"
In the end, Ellis rewrote the instructions. The new instruction was not read aloud in court.
Court will reconvene for closing arguments at 9:30 a.m. Wednesday.
This email was submitted into evidence in the Manafort trial yesterday.
Paul Manafort emailed Trump adviser and son-in-law Jared Kushner on November 30, 2016 recommending Stephen Calk for the Secretary of the Army. At the same time, Manafort had received the first part of what would be $16 million in loans from Calk's bank, the Federal Savings Bank.
Read it here
The judge did not require the defense to identify any witnesses it might call — and it could turn out this morning that Manafort's team doesn't plan to call anyone.
Judge Ellis just announced to the court that a sealed proceeding in the Manafort case is scheduled to begin shortly.
It is unclear if it is a continuation of yesterday's sealed motion. Open court will begin when the sealed hearing is over.