Latinos and African Americans are about a third of the U.S. population and growing, but their college completion numbers are lower than other groups. In looking at ways to improve Hispanic and black college attendance and completion, Excelencia in Education and the United Negro College Fund (UNCF) just released a report on Hispanic-Serving Institutions (HSIs) and Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs).
An HSI is defined as a non-profit degree-granting institution where over 25 percent of its students are Latino. HBCUs are defined as any historically black college or university established before 1964 whose mission was to educate black students.
. Here are 8 things to know:
-HSIs and HBCUs enrolled almost half of 2012-2013 Latino and black college students
HSIs and HBCUs are 20 percent of colleges and universities, but enrolled 48 percent of all Latino and African American students in 2012-2013.
-HSIs and HBCUs are very concentrated geographically
More than 9-in-10 black colleges and universities are in the South - Alabama had the most, followed by North Carolina, and Georgia and Texas. For Hispanic colleges and universities, 85 percent were in five states and Puerto Rico, with 62 percent in the southwest United States.
California has 127 HSIs, followed by Texas (68), Puerto Rico (59), New Mexico (22), Florida (20), and New York (18).
-Most are located in cities
-HSIs are mainly two-year colleges, while the majority (88 percent) of HBCUs are four-year colleges
Among Hispanic institutions, almost half (48 percent) were public community colleges, 20 percent were public colleges or universities and 28 percent were private, not-for-profit four-year institutions.
-Most (68 percent) of HSIs and half (50 percent) of HBCUs were public colleges and universities.
-There are more women than men enrolled in HBCUs and HSIs.
In 2012-2013, 58 percent of those enrolled at HSIs were women and 40 percent were men, and for HBCUs 60 percent were women and 39 percent were men.
-HSIs are growing.
There were 277 emerging HSIs in 2012-2013. Emerging is defined as colleges and universities with 15 percent - 24 percent undergraduate full-time Hispanic enrollment.
-73 percent of students at HBCUs received Pell Grants; national average is 42 percent.