Latin America, once plagued by malnutrition, now faces a different type of public health crisis: As processed food increasingly replaces traditionally prepared dishes, there is a surge in obesity rates.
Nearly 58 percent of the region's inhabitants, or close to 360 million people, is either overweight or obese, according to a United Nations report released Thursday. It was prepared by the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO).
The rapid jump in obesity rates has crisscrossed the region, affecting Latin Americans "regardless of their economic situation, place of residence or ethnic origin," the report found.
That has occurred partly as economic growth, increased urbanization, higher average incomes and the region's integration into international markets have reduced the consumption of traditionally prepared food and raised that of ultra-processed products, the report said.
The problem is greatest in countries that are net food importers.
The countries with the highest levels of obesity are the Bahamas, Mexico and Chile, with rates of 69 percent, 64 percent and 63 percent, respectively.
Still, even as obesity rates surge, Latin America is still home to the nation with the highest rate of undernourishment; in Haiti, 53 percent of the population is undernourished.