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Luis Rodriguez: From L.A. Gangs To City's Poet Laureate

 / Updated 
File photo taken Monday, Sept. 12, 2011, writer and activist Luis J. Rodriguez poses for a photo at his independent bookstore and community center "Tia Chucha" in Los Angeles. His 1993 book "Always Running, La Vida Loca: Gang Days in L.A." turned Rodriguez, then a struggling poet with a drinking problem, into one of America's pre-eminent Chicano writer. He was recently chosen by Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti as the city's Poet Laureate.Damian Dovarganes / AP file

Growing up in poverty in South Central and East Los Angeles, Luis J. Rodriguez says he found himself so emotionally empty that he joined a gang at age 11. He started abusing heroin by 12, and by 15, he was put in juvenile hall and later jail. It was his love for books, however, which turned his life around.

At 60, Rodriguez is an award-winning poet, author, and founder of a cultural arts center which helps youth in the San Fernando Valley stay away from gangs. This month, he was chosen by Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti to be the city’s second Poet Laureate, succeeding Eloise Klein Healy.

“I thought, they’re probably not going to pick me,” said Rodriguez, who was one of approximately 30 applicants. “I was quite amazed. I also understand the responsibility. I want kids to recite poetry. I’ll do anything to get poetry exploding in Los Angeles.”

Rodriguez will be getting an office in the same Central Library where he had once found refuge from the gang world four decades ago. The same peaceful place where he would escape gunshots and spend hours hours reading will now be where he writes poems for his city.

“In the end books saved my life,” said the man who has written 15 of his own, including his most recent memoir, “It Calls You Back: An Odyssey Through Love, Addiction, Revolutions, and Healing,” a finalist for the National Book Critics Circle Award. He is well known for his memoir, "Always Running: La Vida Loca, Gang Days in L.A."

Rodriguez will be getting an office in the same Los Angeles library where he had once found refuge from the gang world four decades ago. "In the end books saved my life," he said.

Rodriguez remembers before he was aware of the power of books, the most eminent force in his life were the gang members who surrounded him.

“They were tough. Everyone was scared of them. They had heavy tattoos,” recalled Rodriguez. “I wanted to be part of that. I thought being a part of that, people would respect me."

However, in the late 60’s and early 70’s, soldiers began returning from the Vietnam War wounded mentally, and there was heroin everywhere. That’s when he says what he thought about gangs began to erode.

“You used to be able to trust your homies, but I realized you couldn’t trust an addict,” said Rodriguez. “I was becoming just like them. When guns come in to the picture, people start killing people. It wasn’t this homey and loving relationship. It wasn’t a place where people could relate and hang. By the time I was 19, I had lost 25 friends, I was addicted to heroin, my family threw me out.”

Rodriguez spent time in county jail for some misdemeanors, where he started writing little stories. Once he was out, he decided he wasn’t going to go back. He opted to return to school instead and even went to night school to better his English.

“I started doing gang intervention,” he says. “I tried helping my neighborhood, and I actually got shot at by one of the gang members because of my work.”

"The option can't be 'I'm going to prison' or 'I'm going to be a heroin addict' - they need to know they have gifts and callings," said Rodriguez of the young people he helps at the center he opened with his wife.

Rodriguez remained steadfast, equipping himself with the power of books. He went on a 35-year mission of gang intervention around the world, which he still makes time for, and founded Tia Chucha’s Centro Cultural and Bookstore, with his wife, in 2001.

“This has helped a lot of kids,” said Rodriguez. “Gang kids show up, and they’re welcome. They are young people that need a relationship to options. The option can’t be, ‘I’m going to prison’ or ‘I’m going to be a heroin addict.’ They need to know they have gifts and callings. That’s what they need to tap into. That’s the work that I do - tap into their own capacities - build them up from there, so they don’t feel like they’re trapped in their crazy life.”

The work that Rodriguez has accomplished in his hometown has not gone unnoticed.

“Luis Rodriguez is an example of how powerful an impact literature can have on young lives,” Mayor Garcetti said in a statement announcing Rodriguez’ two-year term as Poet Laureate. “I have no doubt that Luis will run with this new role and take it to new heights.”

As Poet Laureate, Rodriguez is expected to compose poems to the city, host a number of readings as well as classes or workshops in public libraries, and serve as cultural ambassador.

“I will probably do more than that,” said Rodriguez, excited to start his new chapter.