University leaders recommend covering mural of Latinos, Native Americans
“The murals themselves present a very racialized perspective of who is in authority,” said professor and associate dean Glenabah Martinez.
This Great Depression-era mural at the University of New Mexico's Zimmerman Library in Albuquerque is the focus of complaints about the depiction of Hispanics and Native Americans.Susan Montoya Bryan / AP
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ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. — A blond, blue-eyed man gazes forward from the decades-old mural, his arms stretched out holding the hand of a faceless Hispanic man on one side and a faceless Native American on the other.
For decades, the Great Depression-era mural on the University of New Mexico campus in Albuquerque and the white man’s place at the center of it have irked numerous faculty members and students, who say the scene it depicts marginalizes the state’s two largest minority groups. Painted in 1939, it is one of four “Three Peoples” murals commissioned under the federal Public Works of Art Project for the school’s Zimmerman Library.
Now, the university’s president and provost are recommending that curtains cover all four murals as a campus dialogue continues on them, said Alex Lubin, who is the school’s associate provost for faculty development. The proposal from President Garnett Stokes and Provost Richard Wood must next go before the Regents Historic Preservation Committee.
If approved, it would mark the latest change made by the university in response to concerns raised by Native American faculty and student groups over symbolism, art and celebrations on campus.
“This is a process that’s ongoing,” Lubin said. “They understand that tending to these issues are important today — maybe more important than ever.”
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Lubin was tasked recently with convening a task force on how to address decades-old concerns over the murals by Kenneth Adams, the artist who had lived in Taos. There also have been student groups — including the Kiva Club, which represents Native American students — that have expressed their opposition to the murals, following decades of protests against them.
“It causes some psychological distress,” said Robin Starr Minthorn, a Native American studies professor who is Kiowa. “You’re always having to walk by there, or you’re sitting in front of it, and you don’t see people representing you who have any facial expressions.”
The students also had pushed for several years for the school to recognize Indigenous Peoples’ Day instead of Columbus Day, which happened on campus for the first time Monday, Minthorn said.
Last year, administrators suspended use of an official University of New Mexico seal that had been etched with the profiles of a frontiersman and conquistador — two groups viewed as having a part in the historical mistreatment of Native Americans in the state.
On campus, the views on the murals among students outside of the organized groups and efforts to change the murals can be mixed. Student Zachary Martinez told KRQE-TV last week that he saw beauty in the artwork. “I think it helps represent New Mexico well,” he said.
“This is a very debated topic, but I do think that we gotta keep it here at UNM,” he added. “Because I think this will teach us about our culture and our past and will help us prevent these things again.”
The first scene in the set of murals shows five Native Americans with a weaving loom at the center. One woman is at work on a basket. Another wears silver and turquoise jewelry. The imagery was intended to serve as a nod toward the traditional arts and crafts of tribes.
In the next mural, two Hispanic women are at work on an adobe building, while a man labors in a field. The scene is meant to pay tribute to Hispanic contributions in agriculture and architecture.
The third mural centers on science, with a man and woman — both blond — hovering over desks with a microscope and other machinery. A white doctor holds a baby.
The mural with the white man flanked by Hispanic and Native American men is last in the series.
“The murals themselves present a very racialized perspective of who is in authority,” said Glenabah Martinez, a Native American professor and associate dean in the university’s Language, Literacy and Sociocultural Studies department. “It was about the portrayal of how the racial hierarchy works in New Mexico.”