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State of the Union: A Glance at the U.S. Today by the Numbers

Here, for your convenience, the stats and figures that define America right now.
Image: U.S. President Barack Obama delivers his State of the Union address to a joint session of the U.S. Congress on Capitol Hill in Washington
U.S. President Barack Obama delivers his State of the Union address to a joint session of the U.S. Congress on Capitol Hill in Washington, January 20, 2015. LARRY DOWNING / Reuters

The country has changed — for better and for worse — since President Barack Obama delivered his first State of the Union address six years ago in 2010, and the president won't be able to cover the full scope of where the country stands in what's anticipated to be a shorter-than-usual speech.

So here, for your convenience, you'll find the stats and figures that define America right now — the state of our union, by the numbers:

14.5 percent of the the U.S. population (318.9 million people) is 65 or older, according to Census Bureau estimates. 23.1 percent is 18 or younger.

40 percent of Americans said they lean toward being politically independent, while 27 percent lean Republican and 30 percent lean Democrat, according to most recent polling taken in December by Gallup.

23 percent of Americans say they aren't affiliated with any religion, according to Pew. Those who say they aren't religious at all has grown substantially since 2007, when 16 percent said they didn't participate in any religion.

70 percent of Americans say they're Christian, which is down from 76 percent who said they were Christian in 2008, according to the American Religious Identification Survey.

Meanwhile the Muslim population, which currently makes up about 1 percent of the country's population, is growing so quickly that Pew estimates that Muslims will be the second-largest religious group in the U.S. after Christians by 2040.

The median ages for American women and men to marry are 27 years old and 29 years old, respectively, according to the Census. The age that people get married for the first time has steadily increased since 1950.

972,000 Americans are estimated to be in a same-sex marriage, up from 780,000 before the Supreme Court ruled last June to legalize same-sex marriage in all 50 states, according to Gallup.

3.9 percent of all Americans identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender, according to Gallup.

2 children per married couple is about the average, according to the U.S. Census. The average number of children per family declined in the 1970s and has stayed mostly steady since then.

78.6 million people — one-third of the country is obese — according to the most recent numbers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which shows that the numbers have climbed steadily. Approximately 17 percent of children and teenagers (ages 2 to 19) are obese, according to the most recent CDC numbers, but the journal of the American Medical Association found that obesity rates in children 2 to 5 years old have dropped drastically in the last decade.

40 million — 17 percent — adults in the U.S. smoke cigarettes, according to the CDC. That number dropped from 21 percent of the population who were smokers in 2005, according to the CDC. Electronic cigarette smoking is on the uptick, however, according to the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco.

49 percent of people over the age of 12 are estimated to have smoked marijuana in their lifetime, according to the most recent data compiled by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. That number rose about 1 percent from 2013.

86.8 percent of people over the age of 18 reported that they have drank alcohol at some point in their lifetime while 70.7 percent reported that they drank in the past year, according to the most recent polling data taken by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. 7 percent of people were determined to have an alcohol abuse problem, according to the institute.

23.5 million people live in food deserts, defined as "urban neighborhoods and rural towns without ready access to fresh, healthy, and affordable food," according to the USDA. More than half of the people who live in these types of places are low income, according to the USDA.

11.3 undocumented immigrants live in the U.S. The latest numbers from the Pew Research Center show that the number of undocumented immigrants in the U.S. has flat-lined in recent years after decades of surging rapidly.

5.6 million undocumented Mexican people living in the U.S. make up about half of the undocumented population, according to Pew, which reports that number is down by about 1 million since 2007. And 2015 marked the first time since the 1940s that more immigrants from Mexico left the U.S. than entered, according to PEW.

337,117 people were apprehended at America’s borders in fiscal year 2015 (Oct. 1 2014 to Sept. 30, 2015), according to the Department of Homeland Security. That number is down 30 percent from 2014, according to the department, which added that "apprehensions along the southwest border — a key measure of illegal border crossings — are at their lowest level in more than 40 years."

59 percent of the population says the country needs to make changes to achieve racial equality, according to Pew. That number climbed from 43 percent in 2009. Fifty three percent of white people said the country needed to work toward this goal, while 86 percent of black people want changes made.

9,800 troops are in Afghanistan and will stay there through 2016, Obama said in October. There were more than 34,000 troops in Afghanistan when Obama took office in 2009, according to the Brookings Institute.

3,500 troops or fewer are in Iraq, according to a report by the Congressional Research Service. More than 141,000 troops were in Iraq shortly after Obama took office.

$25.24 is average amount an American worker makes each hour, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. That means the average pay grew by 2.5 percent in 2015, which is below the 3.5 percent that economists regard as health, according to The Associated Press.

2.65 million jobs were added to the economy in 2015, according to Bureau of Labor Statistics. The unemployment rate in December was 5 percent for the third month in a row, making for the lowest three-month-long dip in eight years.

$1.90 was the average cost of a gallon of gas Tuesday, according to AAA. U.S. oil dipped below $30 a barrel Tuesday for the first time since December 2003, according to Reuters.

11.3 million people have enrolled for 2016 coverage under Obama's 2010 healthcare initiative, the Affordable Care Act, according to the administration. Nearly 12 percent of people in the U.S. remained without health insurance at the end of 2015, according to the Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index.

33,636 people died as a result of a gun wound in 2013, which is the most recent data released by the CDC.

One in three Americans own a gun, according to a study published in the journal Injury Prevention. Gun ownership by state ranges from 5.2 percent in Delaware to 61.7 percent in Alaska.

54.4 degrees Fahrenheit: The average U.S. temperature in 2015, making the year the second warmest since records were first kept 135 years ago, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.