China's Ministry of Foreign Affairs said officials have been contacted both in the U.S. and Canada to demand Meng's release. Geng Shuang, a spokesman for the ministry, said her detention needed to be explained, and both countries had to "effectively protect the legitimate rights and interests of the person concerned."
Sen. Ben Sasse, R-Neb., a member of the Senate banking committee and a subcommittee on national security and international trade and finance, praised Canada for detaining Meng while accusing Huawei of "breaking U.S. sanctions against Iran."
“China is working creatively to undermine our national security interests, and the United States and our allies can’t sit on the sidelines,” he said in a statement Wednesday.
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When asked about the Iran reports, a spokesperson for privately held Huawei told NBC News in a statement that it "complies with all applicable laws and regulations where it operates, including applicable export control and sanction laws and regulations."
There were mounting fears the arrest will have repercussions for other business travelers. James Andrew Lewis, director of the technology policy program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, compared Meng's profile to Bill Gates' daughter and said China could retaliate.
"If I was a tech executive I would not go to China right now," he said.
The head of Canada's Centre for Cyber Security, Scott Jones, also addressed the risk of Chinese retaliation at a press conference Thursday saying, "we always have to be resilient no matter what the possible trigger could be."
Earlier Thursday, the Chinese Embassy in Canada released a statement saying Meng was not in violation of Canadian or American law. China "firmly opposes and strongly protests" Meng's detention, the embassy said, calling the arrest a "wrongdoing" that "harmed the human rights of the victim."
A spokesman for Canada's Justice Department said Meng faced possible extradition to the United States. Ian McLeod said a publication ban, requested by Meng, had been imposed in the case and he could not provide further details.
Huawei, the biggest global supplier of network gear used by phone and internet companies, said in a statement that the company has "very little information regarding the charges" against Meng, who was changing flights in Vancouver when she was detained.
Huawei, which recently passed Apple as the second-biggest maker of cellphones after Samsung Electronics, has been the target of deepening U.S. security concerns. Under Trump and his predecessor, Barack Obama, Washington has pressured European countries and other allies to limit use of its technology.
The U.S. sees Huawei and smaller Chinese tech suppliers as possible fronts for Chinese spying and as commercial competitors. The Trump administration says they benefit from improper subsidies and market barriers.
Trump's tariff hikes this year on Chinese imports stemmed from complaints Beijing steals or pressures foreign companies to hand over technology. But American officials also worry more broadly about Chinese plans for state-led industry development they believe may erode U.S. industrial leadership.
U.S. leaders are also concerned that Beijing is using the growth of Chinese business abroad to gain strategic leverage.