LONDON — President Donald Trump's ban on most travel from 26 European countries caused uproar on the continent early Thursday, with E.U. leaders blasting Trump's decision and saying they were not consulted, as chaos and confusion erupted at several major airports.
European Union leaders issued a rare joint statement condemning Trump's move, saying it was taken "unilaterally and without consultation." They also condemned attacks he made on them during an address Wednesday night, when he accused the E.U. of spreading the virus in the U.S. by not imposing sufficient travel restrictions on China and elsewhere.
"The coronavirus is a global crisis, not limited to any continent, and it requires cooperation rather than unilateral action," said a joint statement from Ursula von der Leyen and Charles Michel, the presidents of the European Commission and the European Council respectively.
"The European Union disapproves of the fact that the U.S. decision to impose a travel ban was taken unilaterally and without consultation," they added. "The European Union is taking strong action to limit the spread of the virus."
Meanwhile, Americans and foreigners scrambled to work out what it meant for their plans to travel to the U.S. Others questioned the logic of Trump's move and whether it would actually help the effort to slow the spread of the contagion.
The president announced late Wednesday that he was banning travel to the U.S. for any foreign nationals who had traveled to one of more than two dozen European countries within the past 14 days.
Trump explicitly called it a "foreign virus" and said "a large number of new clusters in the United States were seeded by travelers from Europe."
The U.S. had more than 1,600 confirmed cases as of Thursday, including 41 deaths, with the Trump administration coming under enormous criticism for the lack of coronavirus testing that's being done compared with certain other countries.
The travel ban goes into effect Friday at midnight, and the restrictions apply only to foreign nationals, not U.S. citizens, green card holders or the families of U.S. citizens.
However, during the president's initial address to the nation, the distinctions were less clear, with Trump saying the U.S. would "be suspending all travel from Europe to the United States for the next 30 days."
He did add that "there will be exemptions for Americans who have undergone appropriate screenings" — but that appeared to do little to temper the confusion and alarm at several European airports.
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"I see Americans crying at the airport right now worried about their jobs and coming home," Muhammad Alameldin, 24, told NBC News from the airport in Barcelona, Spain.
He and his fiancée, Monique Sanchez, 24, who are from Berkeley, California, woke up to the news at 6 a.m. before heading to the U.S. Consulate and then, when that produced no results, the airport.
"My flight was canceled, and I've been in line for over three hours waiting to transfer or get a voucher for my flight," he said. "No one has heard or seen anything thus far. It's a failure in U.S. policy and shows that the president doesn't know how to take care of Americans abroad."
NBC News journalist Shannon Ho was at Berlin Tegel Airport in Germany, returning home from vacation, hours after the move was announced. "Lots of chaotic energy in Tegel right now," she said. "Americans are stressed and just trying to get home," she added after speaking with several U.S. citizens there amid the panic.
Ho met with one American who woke up his boss at 3 a.m. demanding that his Saturday flight be rescheduled. A Tesla worker cut short their trip by three weeks. And another young man found out about Trump's announcement while at a Berlin nightclub.
"He essentially left, booked this flight en route to his hostel and came straight" to the airport, she said.
Elsewhere, travelers reported long lines of Americans trying to get home at Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport. New York Times reporter Mike McIntire described the situation as "bedlam" and said Americans were paying as much as $20,000 for tickets home.
At Amsterdam's Schiphol airport — which normally has 200 flights to the U.S. every week — there were long lines at the KLM desk as passengers tried to get more information, airport spokeswoman Madelon van der Hof confirmed by telephone.
The airport said in a written statement: "We are now mapping out, together with the airlines, what this means exactly for flights to the U.S."
The restrictions affect countries within the Schengen Area — named after the Luxembourg town where the agreement was signed in 1985. It is a group of countries between which it's possible to travel without a passport. (That's the theory — some rolling restrictions are in place between certain countries following factors such as terrorist attacks in recent years.)
Schengen is different from the European Union; Ireland is not a member, and although the United Kingdom recently left the E.U., it was never part of the club, either. As such, both countries were exempt from Trump's travel ban.
That has led some to question whether it would be possible to get past the restrictions simply by connecting in London or Dublin. The statement released by Trump did not answer that point.
Furthermore, both the U.K. and Ireland had more cases, 459 and 43 as of Wednesday respectively, than many countries that were included within the ban. Slovakia, for example, had 10 confirmed cases, and Poland had 41.
A study published last week in Science Magazine, a peer-reviewed academic journal, found that travel restrictions "will have modest effects" and that other domestic measures to prevent the spread would "provide the greatest benefit to mitigate the epidemic."
That was echoed by the U.K.'s finance minister, Rishi Sunak, early Thursday.
"With regard to flight bans, we are always guided by the science as we make our decisions here," he told the BBC. "The advice we are getting is that there isn't evidence that interventions like closing borders or travel bans are going to have a material effect on the spread of the infection."
Michel, president of the European Council, tweeted that "we will assess the situation today" following Trump's announcement.