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GENEVA/BEIRUT — Four critically ill patients were evacuated from Syria's biggest remaining siege after Damascus and a rebel faction struck a deal late on Tuesday ending months of deadlock.
The four patients were evacuated from eastern Ghouta, where almost 400,000 people have been under siege by President Bashar al-Assad's forces since 2013, and taken to hospitals in Damascus, the Syrian American Medical Society (SAMS) said in a statement.
The enclave is a densely populated pocket of satellite towns and farms and the only major rebel stronghold near the capital Damascus. The military has steadily defeated pockets of armed rebellion in western Syria over the past year, with the help of Russian air power and Iranian-backed militias.
Although Eastern Ghouta is officially a "de-escalation zone" under Russian-led ceasefire deals for rebel territory, fighting there has continued. The population, including 130,000 children, is suffering the worst malnutrition seen in the almost seven-year war, the U.N. has said.
Residents and aid workers said the government has tightened the siege in recent months in what they called a deliberate use of starvation as a weapon of war, a charge the government denies.
The Jaish al-Islam rebel group in Eastern Ghouta said it was releasing 29 detainees. In return, the government is allowing the evacuation of 29 of the most critical cases.
However, one person on the list, a six-month-old baby girl, died before she could be evacuated, Mohamad Katoub, an advocacy manager for SAMS, a nonprofit that supports hospitals mostly in opposition areas, said on Twitter.
The remainder of the 29 patients included in the deal would be evacuated over the coming days, said SAMS.
"The list includes 18 children and 4 women suffering from heart disease, cancer, kidney failure, and blood diseases, in addition to cases requiring advanced surgery that are not available in the besieged area," it said.
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) said it had facilitated the deal, which came two months after the United Nations asked Assad's government to allow the urgent evacuation of the 29 patients. The operation was still in a very early phase, it said.
"Happy that our negotiations reached this important goal. This is a signal of hope for the future Syria," Francesco Rocca, president of the International Federation of the Red Cross, wrote in a tweet.
A Jaish al-Islam political official in Ghouta said the Syrian Arab Red Crescent (SARC) mediated between Damascus and the rebels for the swap.
"We worked to get them out through the Red Crescent, and we are working on evacuating the rest of the nearly 500 cases out," said Yasser Delwan. But there was no indication of whether more evacuations would be allowed, he added.
The United Nations has pleaded for the government to allow the evacuation of around 500 patients, including children with cancer, and has said there was no excuse for not permitting their evacuation to go ahead.
The number of people needing urgent evacuation has shrunk because they keep dying while waiting for help, the U.N. has said.