SHANGHAI — Shanghai authorities on Tuesday began dismantling fences around housing compounds and ripping police tape off public squares and buildings, to the relief of the city’s 25 million residents, before a painful two-month lockdown is lifted at midnight.
On Monday evening, some of the people allowed out of their compounds for brief walks took advantage of suspended traffic to congregate for a beer and ice cream on deserted streets, but there was a sense of wariness and anxiety among residents.
“I feel a little nervous,” said Joseph Mak, who works in education. “It’s hard to believe it’s actually happening.”
Most will be stuck indoors again until midnight, as they have been for the past two months under a ruthlessly enforced lockdown that has caused income losses, stress and despair to millions struggling to access food or get emergency health care.
The prolonged isolation has fueled public anger and rare protests inside Shanghai and battered the city’s manufacturing and export-heavy economy, disrupting supply chains in China and around the world, and slowing international trade.
Life is set to return to something more like normal starting Wednesday, when the passes issued by residential buildings for people to go out for a few hours will be scrapped, public transport will resume and residents can go back to work.
“This is a day that we dreamed of for a very long time,” Shanghai government spokeswoman Yin Xin told reporters.
Yin said daily online news conferences will be discontinued as her colleagues, who have lived on site for the past two months as required by Covid rules, will return home after midnight.
“Everyone has sacrificed a lot. This day has been hard-won, and we need to cherish and protect it, and welcome back the Shanghai we are familiar with and missed.”
By a creek in Shanghai on Tuesday, a marinated goose store was restocking shelves; a bar was doing last-minute renovations; cleaners were scrubbing shop windows.
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Curbs will ease for about 22.5 million people in low-risk areas. Residents will still have to wear masks and avoid gatherings. Dining inside restaurants remains banned. Shops can operate at 75 percent capacity. Gyms will reopen later.
Residents will have to tests every 72 hours to take public transport and enter public venues. Tough quarantine is still in store for anyone catching the coronavirus and their close contacts.
China is alone among major countries enforcing a “zero Covid” policy of eradicating outbreaks at just about any cost.
The highly transmissible omicron variant of the virus is prone to making comebacks.
Julian MacCormac, chair of the British Chamber in China, said Shanghai brought Covid under control at “very significant personal and economic cost.”
“What has materially changed to ensure that this will not happen again?” he asked. “That’s where the uncertainty lies.”
Todd Pearson, managing director of Camel Hospitality Group, which operates some restaurants, bars and gyms in and around Shanghai, is wary.
His restaurants can only do deliveries, which bring about 5 percent of revenue, not enough to pay salaries and rent. At least from midnight his workers who have been sleeping on site can finally go home.
“I’m hopeful that they will rush things along to restart the economy,” Pearson said. “I just hope it’s not at the cost of more outbreaks. I’m not sure many businesses or the people could handle much more.”
Economic activity in China has somewhat recovered in May from a dismal April as Covid curbs in major manufacturing hubs were gradually relaxed, although movement controls still depressed demand and restrained production.
Shanghai reported 31 cases for May 30, down from 67 a day earlier, mirroring a downtrend throughout China to fewer than 200 infections nationwide, a fraction of what most other countries are reporting.