BEIJING — A senior Chinese government official challenged President Donald Trump's handling of the coronavirus outbreak in the United States, accusing him of wasting weeks after the threat posed by the virus first became apparent.
In a wide-ranging interview with NBC News conducted in Mandarin on Tuesday, Executive Vice Foreign Minister Le Yucheng also hit back at the politicization of the virus.
Le, a rising star within China's political establishment, rejected claims that the country had covered up the initial outbreak or that it should be held financially liable for COVID-19. Instead, he termed the virus a "natural disaster" and called for greater cooperation and an end to accusations.
"On Jan. 23 when Wuhan went under lockdown, the United States reported only one confirmed case, but on March 13 when President Trump announced a national emergency, the United States reported over 1,600 confirmed cases," Le said, referring to the city in China's Hubei province where the virus is believed to have emerged.
"In this interval of 50 days, what was the U.S. government doing? Where have those 50 days gone?" said Le, who was born on China's industrial east coast and began his diplomatic career in what was then the Soviet Union, and is fluent in Russian.
The White House, the Department of State and the National Security Council did not respond to requests for comment on the interview. On Monday, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo tweeted that the Chinese Communist Party needed to be "transparent."
"The world seeks answers to COVID19 and its origins … China has a responsibility to cooperate," he wrote, referring to the disease caused by the novel coronavirus. Pompeo has previously stated that Beijing will "pay a price" for its actions, while often adding he didn’t yet know what form that would take.
Download the NBC News app for breaking news and politics
The U.S. has recorded more than 58,000 deaths so far due to COVID-19, according to an NBC News tally.
China has been hounded by questions over missteps in its initial response to contain the virus. So far, more than 200,000 people globally have died from COVID-19, according to Johns Hopkins University data.
Trump has heaped criticism on Beijing since the outbreak of the pandemic, at times questioning the accuracy of its official death toll and saying he was looking into speculation that the infection originated in a Wuhan laboratory — a possibility that Chinese officials have repeatedly rejected.
"Do you really believe those numbers in this vast country called China. … Does anybody really believe that?" Trump said at a White House news briefing April 15. "Some countries are in big, big trouble and they're not reporting the facts — and that's up to them," he added.
Trump also shocked the international community when he pledged to stop funding the global public health body, the World Health Organization, accusing it of being too close to Beijing and mishandling the outbreak.
The White House has since ordered intelligence agencies to comb through communications intercepts and satellite imagery to establish whether China and the WHO initially hid what they knew about the emerging coronavirus pandemic, current and former U.S. officials familiar with the matter told NBC News this week.
As part of this, intelligence agencies were asked to determine what the WHO knew about two research labs studying coronaviruses in Hubei province. NBC News has previously reported that the spy agencies have been investigating the possibility that the virus escaped accidentally from one of the labs, although many experts believe that is unlikely.
When Chinese medical professionals first reported cases of the virus in Wuhan late in 2019, reports were suppressed. Some, including Dr. Li Wenliang — who later died from the virus — were reprimanded for spreading what officials claimed was false information when the medical staff warned of the danger posed by the newly discovered disease, causing an outcry on Chinese social media.
Le stood by the country's official data and said China's response had been "fast" compared to other countries.
"I want to say China has not covered anything up. We did not cause any delay," he said.
Trump and senior U.S. officials have previously emphasized the Chinese origins of the disease, infuriating Beijing by referring to it as the "Wuhan" or "China virus."
Le, 57, offered his "heartfelt sympathy" to Americans fighting the crisis. Widely considered a likely candidate to be China's next foreign minister, he lived in New York when he was deployed to the United Nations in the late 1990s.
He urged greater cooperation between the two countries, stating that "the true enemy of the United States is the COVID-19 virus," not China.
"I think it’s really important for the U.S. government to find the right focus, the real enemy," said Le, a senior member of the Communist Party, who has been the second-ranking official at the Foreign Affairs Ministry under Foreign Minister Wang Yi since 2018.
Earlier this month, both the Republican and the Democratic parties released TV ad campaigns accusing the other of mishandling the Chinese political relationship.
Le said it was "short-sighted" and "irresponsible" to seek electoral gain as a result of the crisis. He added that the Chinese public was "angry" and "entitled to express their outrage" at the U.S. politicization of the pandemic.
"Unfortunately, some political figures are politicizing this COVID-19. They’re using this virus to stigmatize China. This is not something we are willing to see," he said.
In Missouri last week, while anti-lockdown protesters demonstrated, state Attorney General Eric Schmitt filed a lawsuit against the Chinese government. The first of its kind to seek damages, the suit accused China of lying about the virus and causing financial damage to the state.
Le said any claims asking China to make reparations were "preposterous" and presented an "out-and-out political farce."
"There is no international law that supports blaming a country for simply being the first to report a disease," Le said.
But he said he wouldn’t object to some scientific investigation that kept away from "conspiracy theories."
"We do not oppose normal communication and mutual learning between scientists," he said. "What we do oppose is arbitrary investigations based on the presumption of China’s guilt. That is something we firmly oppose."
Janis Mackey Frayer, Eric Baculinao and Dawn Liu reported from Beijing; Adela Suliman and Laura Saravia reported from London; Abigail Williams reported from Washington, D.C.