Stocks were moving higher Thursday following an unexpected rise in initial jobless claims in the latest week.
Equities were supported by a tick down in benchmark bond yields in Italy and Spain that signaled easing concern about the euro zone's debt troubles.
New U.S. claims for unemployment benefits rose last week to their highest level since January, a development that could raise fears the labor market recovery was stalling after job creation slowed in March.
"Jobless claims came in higher than expected, but it doesn't change the trend," said Peter Cardillo, chief market economist at Rockwell Global Capital, New York, citing seasonal and holiday variables for the unexpected rise in claims.
If the economic outlook does worsen U.S. policymakers are ready to deploy a third round of asset purchases, said New York Federal Reserve Bank president William Dudley.
Previous rounds of quantitative easing have been a boost for equities and other risk assets.
In other economic news, the U.S. trade deficit fell in February to the lowest point in four months as American exports rose to an all-time high and imports fell.
Italian three-year borrowing costs jumped more than one percentage point at a bond auction compared to a month ago, but 10-year yields in both Italy and Spain edged lower for the day and the euro strengthened, as concerns over the region's debt seemed to ease.
"Auctions (in Europe) have not been disastrous and that was good enough," said Art Hogan, managing director at Lazard Capital Markets in New York. "Yields are not optimal but good enough to not cause panic."
A recent spike in borrowing costs in Spain and Italy reminded investors the debt crisis in the euro zone is not under control.
Google is due to report earnings after the closing bell. The options market is expecting calm in shares of the Internet search giant after the results.
On Wednesday, U.S. stocks rose after five days of declines on the S&P 500 and the Dow industrials. An encouraging start to the earnings season contributed to the rebound, but the S&P 500 was unable to rise back above its 50-day moving average.
Reuters contributed to this report.