LONDON — British trucking firms, supermarkets and other businesses on Friday implored the government to strike a last-minute trade deal with the European Union, as the two sides' leaders told their citizens to brace for New Year upheaval in the U.K.-E.U. trading relationship.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has said there is a "strong possibility" that negotiations on a new economic relationship to take effect Jan. 1 will fail.
Johnson and European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen have set Sunday as a deadline to decide whether to keep talking or prepare for a no-deal break.
"We have not yet found the solutions to bridge our differences," von der Leyen said Friday at an E.U. summit in Brussels. "We will decide on Sunday whether we have the conditions for an agreement or not."
Either way, she said, "in less than three weeks, it will be new beginnings for old friends."
Britain left the E.U. on Jan. 31 but has continued to follow the bloc's rules during a transition period that lasts until the end of the year.
Months of talks on a future trade deal have failed to bridge the gaps on three issues — fishing rights, fair-competition rules and the governance of future disputes.
While both sides want a deal, they have fundamentally different views of what it entails.
The E.U. fears Britain will slash social and environmental standards and pump state money into U.K. industries, becoming a low-regulation economic rival on the bloc's doorstep. The U.K. government claims the E.U. is trying to bind Britain to the bloc's rules indefinitely, rather than treating it as an independent nation.
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British Culture Secretary Oliver Dowden said Friday that a deal was "90 percent of the way there" but that the government would not accept an agreement at any price.
A no-deal split would bring overnight tariffs and other barriers that would hurt both sides, although most economists think the British economy would take a greater hit because the U.K. does almost half of its trade with the bloc.
Ahead of the year-end deadline there are already extra-long tailbacks of trucks on both sides of the English Channel as U.K. companies try to lay in extra stock in case of disruption.
Britain's Office for Budget Responsibility says a no-deal Brexit would slash 2 percent off U.K. gross domestic product in 2021, on top of the damage done by the coronavirus pandemic.
Supermarkets say food prices will rise, with 85 percent of foods imported from the E.U. expected to face tariffs of more than 5 percent, according to the British Retail Consortium.
To cushion some of the shock of a no-deal split, the E.U. has proposed contingency measures to make sure that air and road traffic can continue for six months after Jan. 1. It also proposes that fishermen should retain access to each other's waters for up to a year.
The plans depend on the U.K. offering similar initiatives. The British government said it would "look closely" at the proposals.