As Tuesday bled into Wednesday, President Donald Trump and Joe Biden were running a tight race. Trump was projected to win some key battleground states such as Florida, Ohio and Texas, while Biden was projected to win New Hampshire and Minnesota. Meanwhile, election officials in three other key states, Pennsylvania, Michigan and Arizona, still have millions of ballots to count.
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Trump campaign asks Pennsylvania counties for sensitive election security information
President Trump's campaign asked at least three counties in Pennsylvania for a rundown of highly specific election security plans — including ballot storage locations and transportation details — according to an email obtained by NBC News. The Pennsylvania secretary of state has advised counties not to disclose election security information to any third parties and has reached out to the FBI.
Election officials in Cumberland, Mercer and Montour counties — all counties that are delaying mail-in ballot canvassing until Wednesday morning — received the email from a Gmail address connected to a Trump campaign volunteer.
Cumberland County Commissioner Gary Eichelberger said that in his 16 years in office, he has "never seen anything like" the Trump campaign's request.
A spokesperson for Trump's campaign said that the request was made to evaluate the differences in voting processes across jurisdictions.
Citing a "slew of Democrat efforts to change election rules at the last minute, and the resulting pressure on election officials," the spokesperson wrote that the Trump campaign is seeking to "understand how and what officials are planning as a result."
Trump's firewall: Six 'toss up' states he cannot afford to lose
It's Election Day, and here's one way to think about the road to 270 electoral votes.
President Trump has a narrow path to victory, and six states rated "toss up" by the NBC News Political Unit are essential to keeping his hopes alive: Texas, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, Ohio and Iowa.
These states are must-wins for Trump, but not necessarily for Democrat Joe Biden. The president won all of them in 2016 and if any fall in Biden's column, he's in trouble.
But capturing the six states wouldn't be enough. If he wins them and carries Maine's 2nd Congressional District, Trump would need an additional 22 electoral votes. Some people close to him see Arizona (also rated "toss up") and Pennsylvania (rated "lean Democratic") as his best hopes of achieving that, as he trails by larger margins in polls of Michigan and Wisconsin.
Biden, meanwhile, sees multiple potential paths to victory and is less reliant on the six toss-ups above.
ANALYSIS: It's 'white knuckle time' for Biden and Trump
Members of Florida's congressional delegation upbraided Joe Biden's state director last week about Biden's failure to mobilize Black voters in South Florida and around Jacksonville, according to two people who were on the conference call.
The state is one of two battlegrounds — along with Pennsylvania — where victory would likely give Biden a glide path to the presidency. His strength or weakness at the top of the ticket may also affect a series of down-ballot races across the state. And Democratic Party officials see a barnburner shaping up.
In a memo to state party insiders Monday morning, Florida Democratic Party Executive Director Juan Peñalosa explained his view that a 120,000-ballot edge for registered Democrats over registered Republicans heading into Election Day would put Biden in range of winning. NBC News, in conjunction with the company TargetSmart, has calculated that 119,552 more Democrats than Republicans had voted early in person or by absentee ballot through Sunday.
"It's white knuckle time," Peñalosa wrote in the memo, which was obtained by NBC News.
He might well have been speaking for all Americans on the eve of Election Day 2020.
Battleground Texas: Two voters in nation's biggest swing state on how they see the race
HOUSTON — There were few lines to vote in Harris County this morning, where a record 1.4 million people had cast ballots before Election Day.
The unprecedented enthusiasm in the Houston region — and in fast-growing and rapidly diversifying communities around Dallas, Austin and San Antonio — has Democrats thinking they could win Texas for the first time since the presidential election of 1976.
Michelle Green, a 57-year-old Black woman, stopped off to cast a ballot this morning at a polling location in north Houston. Green said she couldn’t even remember if she voted in 2016; it didn’t seem important at the time.
But she wasn’t going to miss her chance this year.
“I’m ready to get Trump out of there,” Green said. “He’s getting on my nerves. I don’t have time for that man.”
But not everyone is convinced Biden really has a serious shot in Texas, despite polls showing a toss-up. A few miles away, in a northern Houston suburb, Sam Willingham, a 37-year-old white man, parked his pickup truck at a community center, and headed in to cast a ballot for Trump.
“I don’t buy it,” Willingham said, referring to polls projecting a tight race in Texas. “Almost everyone I know is voting for Trump. Drive back through this neighborhood, and all you see are Trump signs and Trump flags. I think the media is pumping up that story to make Texas seem like a liberal place, but it’s really not.”
Voter intimidation lawsuit filed after police use pepper-spray at North Carolina march
A federal lawsuit is accusing police in North Carolina of voter intimidation after they deployed pepper spray during a get-out-the vote rally and hauled several participants to jail in a chaotic display of pre-Election Day discord.
The complaint, filed late Monday against the police chief of Graham, a rural community west of Durham, and the Alamance County sheriff, says that protesters were not expecting conflict at Saturday's "I Am Change" march, but that the situation escalated "when deputies and officers planned and orchestrated the violent dispersal" of a peaceful crowd.
The demonstration, attended by about 250 people, coincided with the last day North Carolina residents were allowed to sign up for same-day voter registration and vote early in person. Videos on social media showed the tense scene unfold as participants, some in Black Lives Matter shirts, clashed with deputies, seen spraying the crowd outside the county courthouse.
CDC offers guidelines for in-person voters
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention suggests those voting in person on Tuesday bring their own black ink pens, sanitize their hands before and after voting, and stay 6 feet apart from other voters.
The CDC listed these and other tips on its website to minimize the risk of Covid-19 transmission on Election Day. Others include wearing a mask and bringing a spare one in case the first gets wet or dirty. The agency also suggests filling out any registration forms in advance to reduce the amount of time at polling sites.
Voters who are sick or in quarantine do have the right to vote, the federal health agency adds, but should speak to poll workers about safety guidelines when they arrive.
Sunrise Movement made 1.3 million calls, 2.4 million texts for Biden, other candidates
The youth-led Sunrise Movement, which endorsed Bernie Sanders in the democratic presidential primary, made more than 1.3 millions calls for Biden and other down-ballot candidates in the general election, according to the group.
Sunrise, which organizes around climate justice and advocates for a Green New Deal, sent more than 2.4 million texts and 778,000 postcards "all across 3.5 MILLION voters in key swing states and battleground districts," the group's data director said on Twitter.
The group hasn't shied away from criticizing Biden, but still reached out to voters in Arizona, Florida, Michigan, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Texas, and Wisconsin on his behalf, its data director said.
Prayers offered for Trump and Harris in India
Prayers were offered for President Donald Trump and Democratic vice-presidential nominee Kamala Harris in India on Tuesday.
A Hindu group sought divine blessings for Trump in capital New Delhi, saying it wanted the president to be reelected in order to keep the country's main rivals, Pakistan and China, in check.
The U.S. is viewed largely positively in India, the world’s second-most-populous nation, and Prime Minister Narendra Modi often uses his relationship with Trump to boost his own standing.
Meanwhile, residents of Thulasendrapuram, the village in southern India where Harris’ maternal grandfather is from, gathered at a temple for special prayers. One local politician conducted an "Abhishekam," which involves pouring milk over a Hindu idol amid recitation of religious verses.
Harris is the first vice-presidential candidate of Indian origin.
Livestreams offer a look inside the U.S. election
Coming to you live, it's Election Day 2020.
Many localities are offering livestreams of their ballot processing today.
They're rare looks behind the scenes of an election in which is already under the microscope. Here's what it looks like in Philadelphia:
'Trump,' 'MAGA' graffiti defaces Jewish cemetery in Michigan
A Jewish cemetery in Grand Rapids, Michigan, was vandalized with pro-Trump graffiti that was discovered the same day the president visited the city for his final campaign rally of the 2020 election.
The Michigan chapter of the Anti-Defamation League shared images of the vandalism on Twitter on Monday afternoon.
Grand Rapids police told NBC News the incident is under investigation. It is unknown when the vandalism occurred, and there are currently no suspects, police said.
Pennsylvania Latino radio host uses airwaves to give voting info after Trump rhetoric
In the battleground state of Pennsylvania, popular Latino radio host Vic Martinez — known on the airwaves as VJ Mar — said Trump’s rhetoric slamming mail-in ballots has meant more of his Latino listeners are opting to show up in person to vote.
“They are deciding that even though they ordered their ballots, they are going to go in person and vote,” said Martinez, who has never endorsed a presidential candidate in the popular Spanish-language radio station La Mega, but this year endorsed Joe Biden. La Mega, an FM station, broadcasts in Allentown and Reading, as well as in Philadelphia, through La Calle radio station.
Martinez said his listeners initially were concerned about exposure to the coronavirus and wanted to vote early by mail, but then he was getting more calls from people who were hearing rumors that Trump wanted to disqualify mail-in ballots.
“They said if their ballot was going to get discounted, they weren’t going to mail it in, they weren’t going to drop it off, they were going to go in on Election Day,” Martinez said.
Martinez said La Mega is devoting the day to providing information for voters. Over 5 percent of Pennsylvania's eligible voters are Latino.
The Keystone State has had multiple voting issues leading up to Election Day. Trump has been threatening to challenge mail-in ballots received three days after the election there and is raising a specter of fraud in the state where he and Joe Biden are in a close race.
Vote Watch: No signs of foreign interference affecting votes, U.S. officials say
There have been no signs of foreign interference with voting as Election Day opens, senior U.S. officials said Tuesday morning.
Chad Wolf, the acting director of the Department of Homeland Security, said in a news conference that the agency has seen "no indications that a foreign actor has succeeded in compromising or affecting the votes cast in this election."
The U.S. has in recent weeks accused Iran of sending voter intimidation emails to Florida voters and Russia of hacking into two local government networks, but actual voting machines are rarely connected to the internet.
In a press call, a senior official at the U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency pointed to those accusations as evidence that the U.S. has quickly identified and addressed foreign election interference efforts.
Biden hits key swing states in fight for final votes, Trump sticks to lower-key Election Day schedule
Polls were opening across the country Tuesday morning after a highly contentious presidential campaign, with voters deciding whether to re-elect President Donald Trump to another four years or elect Democratic nominee Joe Biden.
The final day of the election cycle comes amid a deeply divided nation and after a record-breaking nearly 100 million votes already cast either through early voting at polls or through mail-in ballots. As millions more Americans cast their ballots Tuesday, the coronavirus pandemic continues to worsen with 40 states seeing a 25 percent rise in cases in the last two weeks. In total, the U.S. has had 9.3 million coronavirus cases and more than 232,000 have died. According to the NBC News Polling Average, Biden leads Trump nationally 51.5 percent to 44.4 percent.
Trump will spend part of Election Day visiting the Republican National Committee annex office in Arlington, Virginia, which also houses campaign staff. He’s scheduled to arrive around 10 a.m. ET and is expected to stay for about an hour, according to the official White House schedule. He’ll then return to the White House where he’s planning to spend election night as the results start rolling in.
In a phone interview with Fox News' "Fox and Friends" on Tuesday morning, Trump said he also plans to make a series of calls to "very loyal" and "very important" people. He suggested that Biden's last-minute campaign stops Tuesday indicate that his campaign is nervous about losing the election.
Wall Street rises as investors bet on clear election winner and swift passing of stimulus bill
Wall Street opened on a high note Tuesday as investors expressed confidence that a clear winner would be declared in the U.S. election and that a fiscal stimulus deal would be swiftly passed.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose by just over 320 points after the opening bell rang on Election Day, with the S&P 500 gaining 1 percent and the Nasdaq composite rising by around 0.75 percent.
While Wall Street is typically lukewarm toward the prospect a Democratic government, the pandemic has changed that. A "blue wave," wherein Democrats gain control of the White House and both chambers, is seen as far more likely to implement a large stimulus plan and provide relief to the millions of workers displaced by coronavirus shutdowns.
Beware the 'blue mirage' and the 'red mirage' on election night
But it could also make drawing conclusions from the initial results reported Tuesday night particularly hazardous.
It's likely that in Sun Belt battlegrounds such as Florida, North Carolina and Texas, the first totals to be reported will be huge tranches of mail and early in-person ballots that break heavily for Joe Biden, creating a "blue mirage" in the early tallies that could be erased once Trump-friendly in-person Election Day votes are tabulated.
But the opposite could be true in northern battlegrounds such as Michigan, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin, where officials are not permitted to begin processing mail ballots until the day of the election (or, in Michigan's case, the day before). In those states, a "red mirage" of Trump-heavy Election Day votes could linger until larger metro counties report huge tranches of early ballots later in the evening.
The lesson: it will be easier than ever for initial vote tallies to lead untrained eyes astray.
Trump calls into 'Fox and Friends,' says he has a 'solid chance of winning'
Trump called into Fox News' "Fox and Friends" on Tuesday morning for a wide-ranging interview in which he touched on his Election Day plans, the coronavirus and his message to undecided voters.
In addition to visiting his campaign's headquarters in Arlington, Virginia, Trump said he also plans to make a series of calls to "very loyal" and "very important" people. He suggested that Biden's last-minute campaign stops Tuesday indicate that the Democrats are nervous about losing the election.
"I noticed that Biden went out, and I think he's campaigning a little because he's worried," Trump said. "We've seen tremendous swing changes, we've seen, actually the last three days. This reminds me, I hope it reminds me, of four years ago, tremendous changes have taken place over the last week."
When asked when he might declare victory, Trump said, "I think we'll have victory, but only when there's victory and there's no reason to play games." He added he has a "very solid chance of winning."
Asked about what he thinks the Electoral College outcome will be, Trump said he thinks he will "top" the tally in 2016, which was 306 to 232.
NBC News Decision Desk: How we call races on election night 2020
Here's how NBC News calls races on election night, the steps NBC News takes to verify results, and the answers to some frequently asked questions.
Early on election night, the NBC News Decision Desk uses exit poll data to determine whether uncompetitive races can be called. Most races are called based on analyses of precinct- and county-level vote returns.
The analyses also examine differences between early and Election Day votes. In close contests, a careful analysis of how much of the vote has not been counted is a crucial part of the process. No race is projected until the Decision Desk is at a minimum 99.5 percent confident of the winner.
How are votes counted? Data reporters across the country talk to local election officials and report raw vote results on a county-by-county basis from the time polls open until they close and long afterward. The data is supplemented with state and county vote computer feeds and websites, when available.
Weather in swing states looking mostly clear and sunny
Voters in swing states and throughout much of the country should expect mostly clear and sunny weather as they head to the polls Tuesday.
Forecasts show mild temperatures and clear weather for the Midwest, where voters in Wisconsin, Michigan and Ohio will see highs between 50 and 68 degrees.
In North Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, any voters waiting in lines are not forecast to be rained on; instead they should expect sun and moderate temperatures. But voters in Southern Arizona might want to bring a hat to the polls, with a high in Tucson of 91 degrees.
Americans head to the polls
Biden visits son Beau's grave before Election Day events
Ohio's most populous county switches to paper poll books for voter check-ins
Ohio’s most populous county will be switching to paper poll books after experiencing technical difficulties, Secretary of State Frank LaRose's office said early Tuesday.
In Franklin County, home to Columbus, the Board of Elections was unable to upload all early in-person voting data into their electronic check-in system, forcing them to turn to paper poll books to check in voters.
“It's important to note that this does NOT impact voting machines in any way, and only modifies how voters are checked in,” the secretary’s office wrote on Twitter. “Secretary LaRose directed every board of elections to have paper pollbooks as a contingency plan to ensure the integrity of the system.”
Why election results in Michigan might not take as long to arrive as some have feared
DETROIT — Election workers are pouring into the basement of a convention center downtown this morning to start counting a record-shattering deluge of absentee ballots.
Concerns about the coronavirus and new laws that make it easier to vote absentee have flooded cities across the state with far more absentee ballots than they've ever seen before, fueling fears that the laborious process of counting them will delay election results in this crucial battleground state. But faster ballot-counting technology — plus a boost from a new law that allowed cities to begin some of the steps involved with processing ballots yesterday — has at least one veteran election official predicting results will arrive in a relatively timely fashion.
"I think people may be surprised about how quickly it gets done," said Christopher Thomas, who retired in 2017 after 36 years leading the Michigan election bureau but was brought on this fall to help the city of Detroit with its vote-counting operation.
Michigan's largest city has a long history of botched elections. A primary election in August triggered alarms after exhausted, overwhelmed election workers made significant errors processing an unprecedented volume of absentee ballots.
But city and state election officials have since hired and trained thousands of election workers including 900 people who worked yesterday in the basement of the TCF Center, verifying ballots and getting them ready to be scanned today.
By midday Monday, workers had processed around 100,000 absentee ballots and were ready to start sliding them into high-speed vote tabulators — new equipment the city acquired this year — shortly after polls opened 7 a.m. today. "It's a big head start. It really is," Thomas said. "The more laborious steps are out of the way."
He predicted that news about who won Michigan won't be too far behind.
"My guess is within a couple hours," he said.
Trump vs. Biden: Who has a better chance of restoring America's lost jobs?
One of the top priorities for President Donald Trump or former Vice President Joe Biden will be to rebuild America’s battered workforce and kick-start business growth. The labor market still faces a deficit of more than 10 million jobs, with more disappearing permanently.
While the pandemic remains the biggest unknown and poses the biggest potential risk, issues such as infrastructure investment, rebalancing trade and passing a stimulus package are all key topics.
While Trump and Biden have both referred to infrastructure investment, by itself it is no silver bullet and won't create jobs immediately. And in light of the unequal number of women and minorities displaced from the workforce, a new model could include jobs in health care and technology along with construction and building trades.
For trade, ensuring America’s competitiveness in the midst of widespread economic pain is no small task, but it is necessary in an era of global supply chains. Many business owners say relief from Trump’s tariff wars would be a big help.
Stimulus has remained a sticking point, but if Biden wins the presidency and the Democrats retain control of the House and retake control of the Senate, Wall Street hopes a much larger stimulus package could be rolled out early in the new year.
Twitter flags Trump tweet about Supreme Court case on eve of the election
Twitter flagged a tweet from Trump late Monday in which the president said a recent Supreme Court decision on voting in Pennsylvania was "dangerous" and "would induce violence in the streets."
The social media platform said in front of the tweet, "Some or all of the content shared in this Tweet is disputed and might be misleading about an election or other civic process."
The president was referring to a ruling by the Supreme Court last month that said Pennsylvania election officials would allow ballots to be counted up to three days after Election Day.
Trump tweeted, "The Supreme Court decision on voting in Pennsylvania is a VERY dangerous one. It will allow rampant and unchecked cheating and will undermine our entire systems of laws. It will also induce violence in the streets. Something must be done!"
Trump returned to the White House from the campaign trail early Tuesday morning, tweeting at around 3 a.m. ET a video montage showing clips of him dancing to the song "YMCA" at some of his rallies.
Biden wins all 5 votes in tiny town of Dixville Notch, New Hampshire
The tiny town of Dixville Notch, New Hampshire, continued its long tradition of being among the first to cast votes on Election Day after its poll opened at midnight Tuesday.
Biden received all five of the votes in the town near the U.S.-Canadian border.
Addressing a crowd in his hometown of Scranton, Pa. this morning, Biden joked that if he were Trump, he would have called the race already.
'Duel for the world': German media highlight election's global impact
Headlines in longtime U.S. ally Germany captured the global importance of the American election on Tuesday.
Germany’s FOCUS magazine called the vote a "duel for the world" on the front page of its latest issue.
Meanwhile, Der Spiegel dedicated its cover story on what it called President Donald Trump's "legacy of hatred, culture wars and discord." The image on the cover of the popular news magazine showed a grim-faced Trump sitting on the Lincoln Memorial chair surrounded by ruins.
“Trump has transformed the United States into a dangerous place," Der Spiegel wrote. "The president, whose job it is to unite the country, has incited Americans against each other."
A recent Pew poll found that only 26 percent of Germans have a positive view of America, and just 10 percent have confidence in Trump when it comes to his handling of world affairs.
Pennsylvania voting issues: 5 things to watch on Election Day
The pressure is on in the all-important battleground state of Pennsylvania where voters, as well as party and state officials, are anxiously preparing for what will could be Election Week there.
"Pennsylvania is prepared. We're protected for this election and voters can cast their ballots with confidence," Gov. Tom Wolf, a Democrat, told reporters at a news conference Friday. "Our state has made a lot of improvements to strengthen our election system since the last presidential election in 2016."
The state last fall overhauled its election laws, the first major changes in about 80 years. But the new rules, combined with uncertainty over the Covid-19 pandemic and legal issues over mail-in voting, paint an uncertain picture of how the week could unfold.
Nursing home residents and workers weigh Covid-19 in their vote for president
The pandemic’s deadly impact on the country’s nursing homes is shaping the way that many long-term care residents, their family members and elder care workers are approaching this election.
In Chicago, nursing home workers represented by the Service Employees International Union, which endorsed Joe Biden, vowed to vote early as a tribute to co-workers who have died from the pandemic.
"I’m voting for the loved ones, like my co-worker Camelia, and all those who didn’t survive this most hellish year," said one nursing home aide, faulting President Trump for his response to the pandemic, according to a statement released by SEIU Healthcare.
On the campaign trail, Trump has touted his administration’s efforts to send personal protective equipment and rapid testing to the country’s long-term care facilities and criticized some governors for failing to do enough to protect highly vulnerable residents.
In addition to facing the threat of the coronavirus, many nursing home residents are also struggling with isolation, as visitor restrictions have limited their access to family members.
"The impact on nursing home residents has been just so traumatic," said Lori Smetanka, executive director of the National Consumer Voice for Quality Long-Term Care, an advocacy group. "Whoever wins the election really needs to focus on the need for a concerted national effort to protect residents and to make sure they have the supplies — the PPE and the testing — that they need."
Biden seeks support from older voters who backed Trump in 2016
On Election Day, analysts are paying close attention to voters who are 65 and older — voters who favored President Trump by 7 points in 2016, according to exit polls, but who have been more inclined to support Joe Biden this year.
In the final national NBC News/Wall Street Journal poll, conducted last week, Biden held a 58 percent to 35 percent lead over Trump among senior voters.
Trump was already losing ground with older Americans before the coronavirus, but the pandemic has become a central issue for these voters this year, said John Hishta, senior vice president of campaigns for the AARP.
"The pandemic and Covid have served as a backdrop for all of this," Hishta said. "What if I get sick — how does that affect my finances? What if my kids get sick? What if I can’t see my kids?"
Both Trump and Biden have made it a priority to target senior citizens in the final stretch of the campaign, especially in critical swing states like Pennsylvania and Florida. An NBC News/Marist College survey released Monday showed Biden with a narrow 5-point lead over Trump — within the poll’s margin of error — with a similar advantage among voters ages 65 and older.
“Neither side is taking them for granted, like they did in years past,” Hishta said.
On election eve, this country is just unbelievably stressed out
The election is coinciding with a sharp rise in Covid-19 cases and cooling weather, which will make it harder for people to see family and friends, and after months of racial reckoning that Paul and other psychologists call a "triple pandemic" of stress — the virus, the election and racial reckoning — especially for people of color.
Dr. Stephen Stein, the past president of the D.C. Psychological Association and a practicing psychologist, said he's been getting calls from people he hasn't worked with in 20 years.
"All three of these things are melding together and producing a synergistic sense of dread and isolation," he said.