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Tracking the 2024 presidential candidates

After voting on Super Tuesday, the Republican presidential primary narrowed to a single major candidate. Former President Donald Trump became the apparent nominee after former U.N. Ambassador Nikki Haley exited the race.

On the Democratic side, President Joe Biden has cruised past his challengers, including Rep. Dean Phillips, D-Minn., who withdrew from the race, and self-help guru Marianne Williamson, who suspended her campaign and then returned.

Check back for details on declared and prospective candidates and the status of their campaigns.

Former President of the United States

Donald Trump

Declared Nov. 15, 2022
  • Age

    77

  • Birthplace

    Queens, NY

  • Residence

    Palm Beach, FL

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    2000, 2016, 2020

  • Offices held

    45th President of the U.S. (2017-2021)

  • Education

    University of Pennsylvania (BS)

Donald Trump

About the candidate

Former President Trump was the first candidate to declare his intent to run for the GOP nomination in 2024. He also became the first former president to face any kind of criminal charges after being indicted by a Manhattan grand jury in a case related to a payoff to a porn star. He now faces federal criminal charges, too, related to his alleged mishandling of classified documents that were discovered at his Mar-a-Lago resort. (Trump has denied wrongdoing in both cases.)

Trump, who was impeached twice, continues to falsely claim that he won the 2020 election and has said that he intends to repeal many of the Biden administration’s initiatives. Early polls indicate that nearly two-thirds of Republican primary voters would vote for Donald Trump. The former president has not said if he would support the nominee if another candidate wins the nomination, saying, “It would have to depend on who the nominee was.”

Campaign positions

  • Support legislation that represents a “record investment” in police

    [Source]

  • Pardon "a large portion” of the people convicted of federal offenses for their participation in the Jan. 6, 2021, attack on the U.S. Capitol.

    [Source]

  • Sign an executive order instructing federal agencies to “cease all programs that promote the concept of sex and gender transition at any age"; punish doctors who provide gender-affirming care to minors.

    [Source; source]

  • “Get something done” on abortion; has declined to specify how many weeks into a pregnancy he would support a ban; has said a federal ban would need to include exceptions for rape, incest and life of the mother.

    [Source; source]

Possible Republican VP Candidates

Possible Republican VP Candidates

Donald Trump has not yet named his running mate, but he has detailed a number of potential picks. Among the possibilities are former rivals in GOP presidential primaries, like Sens. Tim Scott and Marco Rubio, both of Florida; former officials in his administration, like ex-Cabinet secretaries Ben Carson and Mike Pompeo; and longtime supporters in elected positions around the country, like Sen. JD Vance of Ohio, South Dakota Gov. Kristi Noem and many more.

Donald Trump

Donald Trump

Former President of the United States
Declared Nov. 15, 2022
  • Age

    77

  • Birthplace

    Queens, NY

  • Residence

    Palm Beach, FL

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    2000, 2016, 2020

  • Offices held

    45th President of the U.S. (2017-2021)

  • Education

    University of Pennsylvania (BS)

About the candidate

Former President Trump was the first candidate to declare his intent to run for the GOP nomination in 2024. He also became the first former president to face any kind of criminal charges after being indicted by a Manhattan grand jury in a case related to a payoff to a porn star. He now faces federal criminal charges, too, related to his alleged mishandling of classified documents that were discovered at his Mar-a-Lago resort. (Trump has denied wrongdoing in both cases.)

Trump, who was impeached twice, continues to falsely claim that he won the 2020 election and has said that he intends to repeal many of the Biden administration’s initiatives. Early polls indicate that nearly two-thirds of Republican primary voters would vote for Donald Trump. The former president has not said if he would support the nominee if another candidate wins the nomination, saying, “It would have to depend on who the nominee was.”

Campaign positions

  • Support legislation that represents a “record investment” in police

    [Source]

  • Pardon "a large portion” of the people convicted of federal offenses for their participation in the Jan. 6, 2021, attack on the U.S. Capitol.

    [Source]

  • Sign an executive order instructing federal agencies to “cease all programs that promote the concept of sex and gender transition at any age"; punish doctors who provide gender-affirming care to minors.

    [Source; source]

  • “Get something done” on abortion; has declined to specify how many weeks into a pregnancy he would support a ban; has said a federal ban would need to include exceptions for rape, incest and life of the mother.

    [Source; source]

Possible Republican VP Candidates

Possible Republican VP Candidates

Donald Trump has not yet named his running mate, but he has detailed a number of potential picks. Among the possibilities are former rivals in GOP presidential primaries, like Sens. Tim Scott and Marco Rubio, both of Florida; former officials in his administration, like ex-Cabinet secretaries Ben Carson and Mike Pompeo; and longtime supporters in elected positions around the country, like Sen. JD Vance of Ohio, South Dakota Gov. Kristi Noem and many more.

President of the United States

Joe Biden

Declared April 25, 2023
  • Age

    81

  • Birthplace

    Scranton, PA

  • Residence

    Washington, DC

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    1988, 2008, 2020

  • Offices held

    46th President of the United States (2021-present), 47th Vice President of the United States (2009-2017), U.S. Senator from Delaware (1973-2009)

  • Education

    University of Delaware (BA), Syracuse University (JD)

Joe Biden

About the candidate

President Joe Biden launched his re-election campaign by urging Americans to “finish the job,” making a case for allowing his administration to continue to press its agenda and asserting himself as the country’s best option against a field of Republican candidates. In Biden’s campaign announcement, he said that he intends to continue to “fight for our democracy” against “MAGA extremists.”

Campaign positions

  • Protect Social Security and Medicare.

    [Source]

  • Cap the cost of insulin at $35 a month for all Americans.

    [Source]

  • Veto a national abortion ban if one makes it through Congress.

    [Source]

  • Protect democracy and ensure that the nation’s traditions, including open elections, are allowed to remain.

    [Source]

  • Continue to provide aid and assistance to Ukraine in an effort to keep Russian aggression at bay.

    [Source]

  • Make the “wealthiest and the biggest corporations begin to pay their fair share” with a billionaire minimum tax; close tax loopholes; “quadruple the tax on corporate stock buybacks to encourage long-term investments instead”; ensure that anyone making under $400,000 a year won’t see a tax increase.

    [Source]

About the Democratic VP Candidate

VP - Kamala Harris

About the Democratic VP Candidate

Harris rose from district attorney in San Francisco to the vice presidency in a decade, making history along the way. She is the first Black and first Asian American vice president, having grown up the daughter of Jamaican and Indian immigrants in Oakland, California. Harris went to Howard University before she moved back to California and got a law degree from the University of California Hastings College of Law. She then worked in the district attorneys’ offices in Alameda and San Francisco counties before she ran for the top prosecutor’s job herself in San Francisco County in 2004. Harris was elected state attorney general in 2010 and won a Senate seat in 2016. Three years later, she launched a bid for president, dropping out before the Iowa caucuses — but winning the vice presidency after Joe Biden selected her for the ticket. As vice president, she has taken on a policy portfolio including abortion, immigration and voting rights policy.

Joe Biden

Joe Biden

President of the United States
Declared April 25, 2023
  • Age

    81

  • Birthplace

    Scranton, PA

  • Residence

    Washington, DC

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    1988, 2008, 2020

  • Offices held

    46th President of the United States (2021-present), 47th Vice President of the United States (2009-2017), U.S. Senator from Delaware (1973-2009)

  • Education

    University of Delaware (BA), Syracuse University (JD)

About the candidate

President Joe Biden launched his re-election campaign by urging Americans to “finish the job,” making a case for allowing his administration to continue to press its agenda and asserting himself as the country’s best option against a field of Republican candidates. In Biden’s campaign announcement, he said that he intends to continue to “fight for our democracy” against “MAGA extremists.”

Campaign positions

  • Protect Social Security and Medicare.

    [Source]

  • Cap the cost of insulin at $35 a month for all Americans.

    [Source]

  • Veto a national abortion ban if one makes it through Congress.

    [Source]

  • Protect democracy and ensure that the nation’s traditions, including open elections, are allowed to remain.

    [Source]

  • Continue to provide aid and assistance to Ukraine in an effort to keep Russian aggression at bay.

    [Source]

  • Make the “wealthiest and the biggest corporations begin to pay their fair share” with a billionaire minimum tax; close tax loopholes; “quadruple the tax on corporate stock buybacks to encourage long-term investments instead”; ensure that anyone making under $400,000 a year won’t see a tax increase.

    [Source]

About the Democratic VP Candidate

VP - Kamala Harris

About the Democratic VP Candidate

Harris rose from district attorney in San Francisco to the vice presidency in a decade, making history along the way. She is the first Black and first Asian American vice president, having grown up the daughter of Jamaican and Indian immigrants in Oakland, California. Harris went to Howard University before she moved back to California and got a law degree from the University of California Hastings College of Law. She then worked in the district attorneys’ offices in Alameda and San Francisco counties before she ran for the top prosecutor’s job herself in San Francisco County in 2004. Harris was elected state attorney general in 2010 and won a Senate seat in 2016. Three years later, she launched a bid for president, dropping out before the Iowa caucuses — but winning the vice presidency after Joe Biden selected her for the ticket. As vice president, she has taken on a policy portfolio including abortion, immigration and voting rights policy.

Activist

Robert F. Kennedy Jr.

Declared April 5, 2023
  • Age

    70

  • Birthplace

    Washington, DC

  • Residence

    Los Angeles, CA

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    1988, 2008

  • Offices held

    None

  • Education

    Harvard University (BA), University of Virginia (JD), Pace University (LLM)

Robert F. Kennedy Jr.

About the candidate

Robert F. Kennedy Jr., son of Robert F. Kennedy and nephew of President John F. Kennedy, is an environmental lawyer and author. Kennedy is a vocal anti-vaccine activist and leads the Children’s Health Defense, a nonprofit group that has been suspended from Facebook and Instagram after spreading Covid misinformation. He has selected as his running mate Nicole Shanahan, a tech lawyer who will be able to contribute millions of her own money into funding the campaign.

Campaign positions

  • “Dismantle the censorship-industrial complex, in which Big Tech censors, deplatforms, shadowbans, and algorithmically suppresses any person or opinion the government asks them to.”

    [Source]

  • “Transform the police”; “train them in deescalation and mediation skills and partner them with neighborhood organizations.”

    [Source]

  • “Significantly drop the level of chronic disease in our children.” (Kennedy has blamed childhood vaccines for autism.)

    [Source]

  • “Lead the way toward national reconciliation”; “take racial healing seriously through a program of Targeted Community Repair.”

    [Source]

About the VP Candidate

VP - Nicole Shanahan

About the VP Candidate

Shanahan is an attorney, philanthropist and entrepreneur from California's San Francisco Bay Area who broke with the Democratic Party ahead of her political union with Kennedy. Her parents struggled financially as she grew up, and she said her family relied on food stamps and early work on her part to get by. She got degrees from the University of Puget Sound and Santa Clara University School of Law before she founded ClearAccessIP, a company that uses artificial intelligence technology to help patent holders manage their intellectual property, according to its website. Shanahan married Google co-founder Sergey Brin in 2018 and divorced him in 2022.

Robert F. Kennedy Jr.

Robert F. Kennedy Jr.

Activist
Declared April 5, 2023
  • Age

    70

  • Birthplace

    Washington, DC

  • Residence

    Los Angeles, CA

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    1988, 2008

  • Offices held

    None

  • Education

    Harvard University (BA), University of Virginia (JD), Pace University (LLM)

About the candidate

Robert F. Kennedy Jr., son of Robert F. Kennedy and nephew of President John F. Kennedy, is an environmental lawyer and author. Kennedy is a vocal anti-vaccine activist and leads the Children’s Health Defense, a nonprofit group that has been suspended from Facebook and Instagram after spreading Covid misinformation. He has selected as his running mate Nicole Shanahan, a tech lawyer who will be able to contribute millions of her own money into funding the campaign.

Campaign positions

  • “Dismantle the censorship-industrial complex, in which Big Tech censors, deplatforms, shadowbans, and algorithmically suppresses any person or opinion the government asks them to.”

    [Source]

  • “Transform the police”; “train them in deescalation and mediation skills and partner them with neighborhood organizations.”

    [Source]

  • “Significantly drop the level of chronic disease in our children.” (Kennedy has blamed childhood vaccines for autism.)

    [Source]

  • “Lead the way toward national reconciliation”; “take racial healing seriously through a program of Targeted Community Repair.”

    [Source]

About the VP Candidate

VP - Nicole Shanahan

About the VP Candidate

Shanahan is an attorney, philanthropist and entrepreneur from California's San Francisco Bay Area who broke with the Democratic Party ahead of her political union with Kennedy. Her parents struggled financially as she grew up, and she said her family relied on food stamps and early work on her part to get by. She got degrees from the University of Puget Sound and Santa Clara University School of Law before she founded ClearAccessIP, a company that uses artificial intelligence technology to help patent holders manage their intellectual property, according to its website. Shanahan married Google co-founder Sergey Brin in 2018 and divorced him in 2022.

Professor, historian, and political activist

Cornel West

Declared June 5, 2023
  • Age

    70

  • Birthplace

    Tulsa, OK

  • Residence

    Princeton, NJ

  • Previous Presidential Campaigns

    None

  • Offices held

    None

  • Education

    Harvard University (BA), Princeton University (MA, PhD)

Cornel West

About the candidate

Cornel West, progressive activist and author, is running as an independent. He initially announced his candidacy in June 2023 as a member of the People’s Party but decided to run for the Green Party nomination nine days later. When asked why he was not challenging Biden in the Democratic primary, West said that “neither party is speaking to the pressing needs of poor and working people.”

Campaign positions

  • “Wealth tax on all billionaire holdings and transactions”; “national $27 minimum wage”; “establish a federal Universal Basic Income commission”

    [Source]

  • “Transform Paid Family Leave to mandate a minimum of six-months fully paid time off”; “institute a four-day work week”; “national free pre-K childcare”

    [Source]

  • “Immediate cessation of all oil and gas leasing projects on federal lands and waters”; “federal moratorium on fracking, carbon capture, and direct air capture technologies, geoengineering, and other false climate solutions”

    [Source]

  • “Codify abortion rights as a Constitutional mandate”; “nationalize the healthcare industry, including the pharmaceutical industry”

    [Source]

About the VP Candidate

About the VP Candidate

Abdullah is a professor in the Pan-African Studies department at California State University, Los Angeles, "whose heart, mind and soul is committed to the empowerment of poor and working peoples of all colors," as West described her after he invitied her onto the ticket. Her university biography describes her as "a womanist scholar-activist – understanding the role that she plays in the academy as intrinsically linked to broader struggles for the liberation of oppressed people," and she has pushed for ethnic studies curricula to be introduced and used in public schools. Abdullah, a Black Lives Matter activist, said that she first met West when she was an undergraduate student at Howard University; and that she kept in loose contact with him throughout her career as an academic.

Cornel West

Cornel West

Professor, historian, and political activist
Declared June 5, 2023
  • Age

    70

  • Birthplace

    Tulsa, OK

  • Residence

    Princeton, NJ

  • Previous Presidential Campaigns

    None

  • Offices held

    None

  • Education

    Harvard University (BA), Princeton University (MA, PhD)

About the candidate

Cornel West, progressive activist and author, is running as an independent. He initially announced his candidacy in June 2023 as a member of the People’s Party but decided to run for the Green Party nomination nine days later. When asked why he was not challenging Biden in the Democratic primary, West said that “neither party is speaking to the pressing needs of poor and working people.”

Campaign positions

  • “Wealth tax on all billionaire holdings and transactions”; “national $27 minimum wage”; “establish a federal Universal Basic Income commission”

    [Source]

  • “Transform Paid Family Leave to mandate a minimum of six-months fully paid time off”; “institute a four-day work week”; “national free pre-K childcare”

    [Source]

  • “Immediate cessation of all oil and gas leasing projects on federal lands and waters”; “federal moratorium on fracking, carbon capture, and direct air capture technologies, geoengineering, and other false climate solutions”

    [Source]

  • “Codify abortion rights as a Constitutional mandate”; “nationalize the healthcare industry, including the pharmaceutical industry”

    [Source]

About the VP Candidate

About the VP Candidate

Abdullah is a professor in the Pan-African Studies department at California State University, Los Angeles, "whose heart, mind and soul is committed to the empowerment of poor and working peoples of all colors," as West described her after he invitied her onto the ticket. Her university biography describes her as "a womanist scholar-activist – understanding the role that she plays in the academy as intrinsically linked to broader struggles for the liberation of oppressed people," and she has pushed for ethnic studies curricula to be introduced and used in public schools. Abdullah, a Black Lives Matter activist, said that she first met West when she was an undergraduate student at Howard University; and that she kept in loose contact with him throughout her career as an academic.

Physician and environmental activist

Jill Stein

Declared Nov. 9, 2023
  • Age

    74

  • Birthplace

    Chicago, IL

  • Residence

    Lexington, MA

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    2012, 2016

  • Offices Held

    None

  • Education

    Harvard University (BA, MD)

Jill Stein

About the candidate

Jill Stein, physician and environmental activist, is running as a candidate for the Green Party. Stein launched her campaign with a video posted to Facebook, which criticized “both parties” and said that the existing two-party political system is “broken”. Before launching her own campaign, Stein worked as a transition coordinator on Cornel West's campaign for the Green Party nomination. She departed when West decided to run as an independent and announced her own candidacy. Stein was the Green Party nominee for president in 2012 and 2016.

Campaign positions

  • Establish “an Economic Bill of Rights, including the right to a living-wage job, housing, food, healthcare, education and more”

    [Source]

  • Establish a Green New Deal “with massive investment in green jobs, industries, and technologies”

    [Source]

  • Promises “to put an end to the shameful legacy of systemic discrimination against women, Black and Brown people, Indigenous people, immigrants, people with disabilities, the LGBTQIA+ community, and other marginalized groups”

    [Source]

  • “End the endless wars”; create new foreign policy “based on diplomacy, international law, and human rights to oppose violence, occupation, and apartheid.”

    [Source]

Possible Green Party VP Candidates

Possible Green Party VP Candidates

Stein has not yet chosen a running mate for her Green Party candidacy.

Jill Stein

Jill Stein

Physician and environmental activist
Declared Nov. 9, 2023
  • Age

    74

  • Birthplace

    Chicago, IL

  • Residence

    Lexington, MA

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    2012, 2016

  • Offices Held

    None

  • Education

    Harvard University (BA, MD)

About the candidate

Jill Stein, physician and environmental activist, is running as a candidate for the Green Party. Stein launched her campaign with a video posted to Facebook, which criticized “both parties” and said that the existing two-party political system is “broken”. Before launching her own campaign, Stein worked as a transition coordinator on Cornel West's campaign for the Green Party nomination. She departed when West decided to run as an independent and announced her own candidacy. Stein was the Green Party nominee for president in 2012 and 2016.

Campaign positions

  • Establish “an Economic Bill of Rights, including the right to a living-wage job, housing, food, healthcare, education and more”

    [Source]

  • Establish a Green New Deal “with massive investment in green jobs, industries, and technologies”

    [Source]

  • Promises “to put an end to the shameful legacy of systemic discrimination against women, Black and Brown people, Indigenous people, immigrants, people with disabilities, the LGBTQIA+ community, and other marginalized groups”

    [Source]

  • “End the endless wars”; create new foreign policy “based on diplomacy, international law, and human rights to oppose violence, occupation, and apartheid.”

    [Source]

Possible Green Party VP Candidates

Possible Green Party VP Candidates

Stein has not yet chosen a running mate for her Green Party candidacy.

The Dropouts
Back to Top
Former Ambassador to the United Nations

Nikki Haley

Dropped out March 6, 2024
  • Age

    52

  • Birthplace

    Bamberg, SC

  • Residence

    Kiawah Island, SC

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    None

  • Offices held

    U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations (2017-2018), Governor of South Carolina (2011-2017)

  • Education

    Clemson University (BA)

Nikki Haley

About the candidate

Nikki Haley, the former governor of South Carolina who served as ambassador to the United Nations during the Trump administration, was the first candidate to challenge her former boss for the Republican nomination. Haley has been critical of Trump and called for a “new generation of leadership.” Haley has not stated whether she will support the party’s eventual nominee.

Nikki Haley

Nikki Haley

Former Ambassador to the United Nations
Dropped out March 6, 2024
  • Age

    52

  • Birthplace

    Bamberg, SC

  • Residence

    Kiawah Island, SC

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    None

  • Offices held

    U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations (2017-2018), Governor of South Carolina (2011-2017)

  • Education

    Clemson University (BA)

Nikki Haley, the former governor of South Carolina who served as ambassador to the United Nations during the Trump administration, was the first candidate to challenge her former boss for the Republican nomination. Haley has been critical of Trump and called for a “new generation of leadership.” Haley has not stated whether she will support the party’s eventual nominee.

Governor of Florida

Ron DeSantis

Dropped out Jan. 21, 2024
  • Age

    45

  • Birthplace

    Jacksonville, FL

  • Residence

    Tallahassee, FL

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    None

  • Offices held

    Governor of Florida (2019-present), U.S. Representative from Florida's 6th district (2013-2018)

  • Education

    Yale University (BA), Harvard University (JD)

Ron DeSantis

About the candidate

Ron DeSantis, governor of Florida and a former U.S. representative, has long been viewed as the strongest potential challenger to Trump. He gained national attention and praise from the right for his pandemic response, along with his approach to issues such as immigration and LGBTQ rights. DeSantis has been reluctant to directly target Trump and has not said whether he would support him as the eventual nominee, instead focusing on criticisms of the Biden administration’s policies and tacking to Trump’s right on issues.

Ron DeSantis

Ron DeSantis

Governor of Florida
Dropped out Jan. 21, 2024
  • Age

    45

  • Birthplace

    Jacksonville, FL

  • Residence

    Tallahassee, FL

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    None

  • Offices held

    Governor of Florida (2019-present), U.S. Representative from Florida's 6th district (2013-2018)

  • Education

    Yale University (BA), Harvard University (JD)

Ron DeSantis, governor of Florida and a former U.S. representative, has long been viewed as the strongest potential challenger to Trump. He gained national attention and praise from the right for his pandemic response, along with his approach to issues such as immigration and LGBTQ rights. DeSantis has been reluctant to directly target Trump and has not said whether he would support him as the eventual nominee, instead focusing on criticisms of the Biden administration’s policies and tacking to Trump’s right on issues.

Former Governor of Arkansas

Asa Hutchinson

Dropped out Jan. 16, 2024
  • Age

    73

  • Birthplace

    Bentonville, AR

  • Residence

    Rogers, AR

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    None

  • Offices held

    Governor of Arkansas (2015-2023)

  • Education

    Bob Jones University (BA), University of Arkansas (JD)

Asa Hutchinson

About the candidate

Asa Hutchinson, the former governor of Arkansas, has been critical of both the Biden and Trump administrations. He has said that another Trump presidential nomination would be the “worst scenario” for Republicans and called on Trump to “step aside” after the former president was indicted in New York. When asked if he would support Trump if he won the nomination, Hutchinson said, “I don't expect that he'll be the nominee, and I do expect that I will be supporting the nominee."

Asa Hutchinson

Asa Hutchinson

Former Governor of Arkansas
Dropped out Jan. 16, 2024
  • Age

    73

  • Birthplace

    Bentonville, AR

  • Residence

    Rogers, AR

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    None

  • Offices held

    Governor of Arkansas (2015-2023)

  • Education

    Bob Jones University (BA), University of Arkansas (JD)

Asa Hutchinson, the former governor of Arkansas, has been critical of both the Biden and Trump administrations. He has said that another Trump presidential nomination would be the “worst scenario” for Republicans and called on Trump to “step aside” after the former president was indicted in New York. When asked if he would support Trump if he won the nomination, Hutchinson said, “I don't expect that he'll be the nominee, and I do expect that I will be supporting the nominee."

Entrepreneur

Vivek Ramaswamy

Dropped out Jan. 15, 2024
  • Age

    38

  • Birthplace

    Cincinnati, OH

  • Residence

    Columbus, OH

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    None

  • Offices held

    None

  • Education

    Harvard University (BA), Yale University (JD)

Vivek Ramaswamy

About the candidate

Vivek Ramaswamy is an entrepreneur and a conservative commentator who has cast himself as the “true outsider” seeking the GOP nomination. His campaign has been largely self-funded. Ramaswamy has said that he plans to take Trump’s agenda “even further.

Vivek Ramaswamy

Vivek Ramaswamy

Entrepreneur
Dropped out Jan. 15, 2024
  • Age

    38

  • Birthplace

    Cincinnati, OH

  • Residence

    Columbus, OH

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    None

  • Offices held

    None

  • Education

    Harvard University (BA), Yale University (JD)

Vivek Ramaswamy is an entrepreneur and a conservative commentator who has cast himself as the “true outsider” seeking the GOP nomination. His campaign has been largely self-funded. Ramaswamy has said that he plans to take Trump’s agenda “even further.

Former Governor of New Jersey

Chris Christie

Dropped out Jan. 10, 2024
  • Age

    61

  • Birthplace

    Newark, NJ

  • Residence

    Mendham Township, NJ

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    2016

  • Offices held

    Governor of New Jersey (2010-2018)

  • Education

    University of Delaware (BA), Seton Hall University (JD)

Chris Christie

About the candidate

Christie, the former governor of New Jersey, ran unsuccessfully against Trump for the GOP nomination in 2016. A Trump critic, turned ally, turned critic again, Christie has said he won’t support the former president as the GOP nominee. “I am the viable Trump alternative,” he told The Daily Beast in late April.

Chris Christie

Chris Christie

Former Governor of New Jersey
Dropped out Jan. 10, 2024
  • Age

    61

  • Birthplace

    Newark, NJ

  • Residence

    Mendham Township, NJ

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    2016

  • Offices held

    Governor of New Jersey (2010-2018)

  • Education

    University of Delaware (BA), Seton Hall University (JD)

Christie, the former governor of New Jersey, ran unsuccessfully against Trump for the GOP nomination in 2016. A Trump critic, turned ally, turned critic again, Christie has said he won’t support the former president as the GOP nominee. “I am the viable Trump alternative,” he told The Daily Beast in late April.

Governor of North Dakota

Doug Burgum

Dropped out Dec. 4, 2023
  • Age

    67

  • Birthplace

    Arthur, ND

  • Residence

    Bismarck, ND

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    None

  • Offices held

    Governor of North Dakota (2016-present)

  • Education

    North Dakota State University (BA), Stanford University (MBA)

Doug Burgum

About the candidate

Doug Burgum, the two-term governor of North Dakota, began his career as a software entrepreneur and sold a company to Microsoft in 2001. As governor, he has signed legislation restricting abortion access and limiting transgender health care for minors. Burgum, who said he plans to spend some his own fortune on his run, has not clarified his opinion on Trump or whether he would support him as the eventual nominee.

Doug Burgum

Doug Burgum

Governor of North Dakota
Dropped out Dec. 4, 2023
  • Age

    67

  • Birthplace

    Arthur, ND

  • Residence

    Bismarck, ND

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    None

  • Offices held

    Governor of North Dakota (2016-present)

  • Education

    North Dakota State University (BA), Stanford University (MBA)

Doug Burgum, the two-term governor of North Dakota, began his career as a software entrepreneur and sold a company to Microsoft in 2001. As governor, he has signed legislation restricting abortion access and limiting transgender health care for minors. Burgum, who said he plans to spend some his own fortune on his run, has not clarified his opinion on Trump or whether he would support him as the eventual nominee.

U.S. Senator from South Carolina

Tim Scott

Dropped out Nov. 12, 2023
  • Age

    58

  • Birthplace

    North Charleston, SC

  • Residence

    Charleston, SC

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    None

  • Offices held

    U.S. Senator from South Carolina (2013-present), U.S. Representative from South Carolina's 1st district (2011-2013)

  • Education

    Charleston Southern University (BS)

Tim Scott

About the candidate

Tim Scott, who hails from the key early primary state of South Carolina, is the only Black Republican in the Senate. Scott has said that the Republican Party needs a candidate who can appeal to both Republicans and “people who don’t agree with us.” Scott has been critical of the Biden administration, saying that the U.S. has become “a nation in retreat.”

Tim Scott

Tim Scott

U.S. Senator from South Carolina
Dropped out Nov. 12, 2023
  • Age

    58

  • Birthplace

    North Charleston, SC

  • Residence

    Charleston, SC

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    None

  • Offices held

    U.S. Senator from South Carolina (2013-present), U.S. Representative from South Carolina's 1st district (2011-2013)

  • Education

    Charleston Southern University (BS)

Tim Scott, who hails from the key early primary state of South Carolina, is the only Black Republican in the Senate. Scott has said that the Republican Party needs a candidate who can appeal to both Republicans and “people who don’t agree with us.” Scott has been critical of the Biden administration, saying that the U.S. has become “a nation in retreat.”

Former Vice President of the United States

Mike Pence

Dropped out Oct. 28, 2023
  • Age

    64

  • Birthplace

    Columbus, IN

  • Residence

    Carmel, IN

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    None

  • Offices held

    48th Vice President of the United States (2017-2021), Governor of Indiana (2013-2017)

  • Education

    Hanover College (BA), Indiana University (JD)

Mike Pence

About the candidate

Former Vice President Mike Pence appeared unflinchingly loyal to his boss until Jan. 6, 2021, when a pro-Trump mob stormed the U.S. Capitol and threatened Pence’s life over his refusal to block the certification of the 2020 election results. Prior to joining Trump’s 2016 ticket, Pence served six terms in Congress and one term as governor of Indiana. As governor, Pence enacted legislation restricting abortion access as well as a controversial religious freedom law that LGBTQ rights advocates said was a license to discriminate. In a video announcing his 2024  bid, Pence criticized President Joe Biden by name and Trump by implication. He said in an interview with Fox News that he will support the eventual nominee.

Mike Pence

Mike Pence

Former Vice President of the United States
Dropped out Oct. 28, 2023
  • Age

    64

  • Birthplace

    Columbus, IN

  • Residence

    Carmel, IN

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    None

  • Offices held

    48th Vice President of the United States (2017-2021), Governor of Indiana (2013-2017)

  • Education

    Hanover College (BA), Indiana University (JD)

Former Vice President Mike Pence appeared unflinchingly loyal to his boss until Jan. 6, 2021, when a pro-Trump mob stormed the U.S. Capitol and threatened Pence’s life over his refusal to block the certification of the 2020 election results. Prior to joining Trump’s 2016 ticket, Pence served six terms in Congress and one term as governor of Indiana. As governor, Pence enacted legislation restricting abortion access as well as a controversial religious freedom law that LGBTQ rights advocates said was a license to discriminate. In a video announcing his 2024  bid, Pence criticized President Joe Biden by name and Trump by implication. He said in an interview with Fox News that he will support the eventual nominee.

Conservative talk radio host

Larry Elder

Dropped out Oct. 26, 2023
  • Age

    72

  • Birthplace

    Los Angeles, CA

  • Residence

    Los Angeles, CA

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    None

  • Offices held

    None

  • Education

    Brown University (BA), University of Michigan (JD)

Larry Elder

About the candidate

Larry Elder is a conservative radio host who entered the political arena for the first time in 2021 when he ran unsuccessfully in the California gubernatorial recall election to remove Democratic Gov. Gavin Newsom. Elder has used his platform to discuss his opposition to abortion rights, mask mandates and the Black Lives Matter movement, among other issues. Elder has not been clear about whether he would support the eventual nominee, but has been critical of Trump and has voiced concerns about the former president’s ability to appeal to swing voters.

Larry Elder

Larry Elder

Conservative talk radio host
Dropped out Oct. 26, 2023
  • Age

    72

  • Birthplace

    Los Angeles, CA

  • Residence

    Los Angeles, CA

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    None

  • Offices held

    None

  • Education

    Brown University (BA), University of Michigan (JD)

Larry Elder is a conservative radio host who entered the political arena for the first time in 2021 when he ran unsuccessfully in the California gubernatorial recall election to remove Democratic Gov. Gavin Newsom. Elder has used his platform to discuss his opposition to abortion rights, mask mandates and the Black Lives Matter movement, among other issues. Elder has not been clear about whether he would support the eventual nominee, but has been critical of Trump and has voiced concerns about the former president’s ability to appeal to swing voters.

Businessman

Perry Johnson

Dropped out Oct. 20, 2023
  • Age

    76

  • Birthplace

    Dolton, IL

  • Residence

    Bloomfield Hills, MI

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    None

  • Offices held

    None

  • Education

    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (BA), University of Detroit

Perry Johnson

About the candidate

Businessman Perry Johnson has never held public office, but tried to enter the Michigan gubernatorial race in 2022. He was disqualified after failing to submit enough valid petition signatures. Johnson, who says he proudly supported Trump and would support him should he win the party’s nomination again, has built his career in quality standards — writing a number of texts on the guidelines and specifications for ensuring products or services meet customer and regulatory prerequisites — and describes himself as “a problem solver, a quality guru.”

Perry Johnson

Perry Johnson

Businessman
Dropped out Oct. 20, 2023
  • Age

    76

  • Birthplace

    Dolton, IL

  • Residence

    Bloomfield Hills, MI

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    None

  • Offices held

    None

  • Education

    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (BA), University of Detroit

Businessman Perry Johnson has never held public office, but tried to enter the Michigan gubernatorial race in 2022. He was disqualified after failing to submit enough valid petition signatures. Johnson, who says he proudly supported Trump and would support him should he win the party’s nomination again, has built his career in quality standards — writing a number of texts on the guidelines and specifications for ensuring products or services meet customer and regulatory prerequisites — and describes himself as “a problem solver, a quality guru.”

Former U.S. Representative from Texas's 23rd district

Will Hurd

Dropped out Oct. 9, 2023
  • Age

    46

  • Birthplace

    San Antonio, TX

  • Residence

    San Antonio, TX

  • Previous Presidential Campaigns

    None

  • Offices Held

    U.S. Representative from Texas's 23rd district (2015-2021)

  • Education

    Texas A&M University (BS)

Will Hurd

About the candidate

Will Hurd, a retired CIA officer and former Texas congressman, has billed himself as a "common-sense Republican" for "complicated times," capable of wooing swing voters who have strayed from the party in recent elections. He said he was driven to run by a number of "defining challenges" confronting the United States, including China's riseinflation and historic declines in school test scores. Hurd first won re-election to Congress in 2014 and announced he would retire ahead of the 2020 election. He was the lone Black Republican in the House when he left.

Will Hurd

Will Hurd

Former U.S. Representative from Texas's 23rd district
Dropped out Oct. 9, 2023
  • Age

    46

  • Birthplace

    San Antonio, TX

  • Residence

    San Antonio, TX

  • Previous Presidential Campaigns

    None

  • Offices Held

    U.S. Representative from Texas's 23rd district (2015-2021)

  • Education

    Texas A&M University (BS)

Will Hurd, a retired CIA officer and former Texas congressman, has billed himself as a "common-sense Republican" for "complicated times," capable of wooing swing voters who have strayed from the party in recent elections. He said he was driven to run by a number of "defining challenges" confronting the United States, including China's riseinflation and historic declines in school test scores. Hurd first won re-election to Congress in 2014 and announced he would retire ahead of the 2020 election. He was the lone Black Republican in the House when he left.

Mayor of Miami

Francis Suarez

Dropped out Aug. 29, 2023
  • Age

    46

  • Birthplace

    Miami, FL

  • Residence

    Miami, FL

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    None

  • Offices held

    Mayor of Miami (2017-present), Miami Commissioner for District 4 (2009-2017)

  • Education

    Florida International University (BS), University of Florida (JD)

Francis Suarez

About the candidate

Francis Suarez has been the Republican mayor of Miami since 2017, having been elected overwhelmingly both times. Suarez, who is Cuban American, comes from a political family; his father, Xavier, was also a two-term mayor of the city. He has focused on attracting tech companies to Florida and reducing crime, and he has argued that he can help the party appeal to moderate voters with his focus on climate change. Suarez faces allegations that he inappropriately used his influence to help a real estate developer while he received payments from the company. His office has said the allegations are "false." 

Francis Suarez

Francis Suarez

Mayor of Miami
Dropped out Aug. 29, 2023
  • Age

    46

  • Birthplace

    Miami, FL

  • Residence

    Miami, FL

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    None

  • Offices held

    Mayor of Miami (2017-present), Miami Commissioner for District 4 (2009-2017)

  • Education

    Florida International University (BS), University of Florida (JD)

Francis Suarez has been the Republican mayor of Miami since 2017, having been elected overwhelmingly both times. Suarez, who is Cuban American, comes from a political family; his father, Xavier, was also a two-term mayor of the city. He has focused on attracting tech companies to Florida and reducing crime, and he has argued that he can help the party appeal to moderate voters with his focus on climate change. Suarez faces allegations that he inappropriately used his influence to help a real estate developer while he received payments from the company. His office has said the allegations are "false." 

U.S. Representative

Dean Phillips

Dropped out March 6, 2024
  • Age

    55

  • Birthplace

    Saint Paul, MN

  • Residence

    Wayzata, MN

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    None

  • Offices held

    U.S. Representative from Minnesota's 3rd district (2019-present)

  • Education

    Brown Univeristy (BA), University of Minnesota (MBA)

Dean Phillips

About the candidate

Dean Phillips, a three-term congressman and former CEO, has been critical of Joe Biden’s bid for reelection and has raised concerns about the president’s age and his lackluster approval ratings. When asked about his plans in August, Phillips said "My real call to action right now is not about me. The call to action is to ask the president to pass the torch." Phillips has already missed the filing deadline to participate in the Nevada Democratic Primary, one of the first nominating contests of 2024.

Dean Phillips

Dean Phillips

U.S. Representative
Dropped out March 6, 2024
  • Age

    55

  • Birthplace

    Saint Paul, MN

  • Residence

    Wayzata, MN

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    None

  • Offices held

    U.S. Representative from Minnesota's 3rd district (2019-present)

  • Education

    Brown Univeristy (BA), University of Minnesota (MBA)

Dean Phillips, a three-term congressman and former CEO, has been critical of Joe Biden’s bid for reelection and has raised concerns about the president’s age and his lackluster approval ratings. When asked about his plans in August, Phillips said "My real call to action right now is not about me. The call to action is to ask the president to pass the torch." Phillips has already missed the filing deadline to participate in the Nevada Democratic Primary, one of the first nominating contests of 2024.

Author and spiritual adviser

Marianne Williamson

Dropped out
  • Age

    71

  • Birthplace

    Houston, TX

  • Residence

    Los Angeles, CA

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    2020

  • Offices held

    None

  • Education

    N/A

Marianne Williamson

About the candidate

Marianne Williamson is an author who gained notoriety for appearing on “The Oprah Winfrey Show” as Oprah’s spiritual adviser. Williamson ran unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination in 2020, dropping out in January 2020. Her 2024 campaign was briefly suspended on February 7, 2024 before "unsuspending" her campaign three weeks later. Williamson has never held political office.

Campaign positions

  • "Vigorously resist any effort to restrict, limit, or diminish the reproductive rights and freedoms granted by Roe v. Wade."

    [Source]

  • “Declare a national emergency around the gun violence epidemic”; “eliminate the sale of assault rifles and semi-automatic weapons, ban bump stocks, high-capacity magazines, and 3-D printing of firearms.”

    [Source]

  • Legalize “cannabis and psychedelics used for both recreational and medical purposes”; expunge past convictions.

    [Source]

  • “Reach 100 percent renewable energy and dramatically reduce CO2 (carbon) emissions by 2035 or earlier.”

    [Source]

Marianne Williamson

Marianne Williamson

Author and spiritual adviser
Dropped out
  • Age

    71

  • Birthplace

    Houston, TX

  • Residence

    Los Angeles, CA

  • Previous presidential campaigns

    2020

  • Offices held

    None

  • Education

    N/A

Marianne Williamson is an author who gained notoriety for appearing on “The Oprah Winfrey Show” as Oprah’s spiritual adviser. Williamson ran unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination in 2020, dropping out in January 2020. Her 2024 campaign was briefly suspended on February 7, 2024 before "unsuspending" her campaign three weeks later. Williamson has never held political office.

Campaign positions

  • "Vigorously resist any effort to restrict, limit, or diminish the reproductive rights and freedoms granted by Roe v. Wade."

    [Source]

  • “Declare a national emergency around the gun violence epidemic”; “eliminate the sale of assault rifles and semi-automatic weapons, ban bump stocks, high-capacity magazines, and 3-D printing of firearms.”

    [Source]

  • Legalize “cannabis and psychedelics used for both recreational and medical purposes”; expunge past convictions.

    [Source]

  • “Reach 100 percent renewable energy and dramatically reduce CO2 (carbon) emissions by 2035 or earlier.”

    [Source]