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Sen. Bob Menendez unveils plan for immigration overhaul

The outline represents the latest effort to tackle an issue that hasn’t made significant progress on Capitol Hill in decades.
Hundreds of Venezuelan migrants cross the border between Mexico and the United States
Venezuelan migrants approach the U.S. border by foot in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico, on April 10. David Peinado / Anadolu Agency via Getty Images

Sen. Bob Menendez, D-N.J., on Tuesday introduced a framework for revamping immigration programs amid ongoing concerns about the number of migrant crossings, particularly along the southern border.

The outline calls for creating new pathways to citizenship, boosting humanitarian aid to specific countries, increasing funding for border security, and expanding efforts to target human traffickers. A spokesperson for Menendez said his office shared the plan with the White House, the departments of Homeland Security and State, and Senate leadership.

In a statement, Menendez noted that he has repeatedly criticized the Biden administration’s immigration policies, which he described as implementing "short-term deterrence policies that fail to address the cycle of irregular migration at our southwest border."

Menendez said his plan "provides a set of policies that will secure our borders without sacrificing our domestic and legal obligations to asylum seekers by working with partners in the region to give people alternative options to illegal smuggling networks. This plan largely includes policies that President Biden can pursue without Congress, until Republicans decide to come to the table and help the administration manage the current challenge."

The plan also would address the busing of migrants from GOP-led states to Democratic-run cities by having the Department of Homeland Security be in charge of relocating migrants "to end the current challenge of states independently sending migrants to major urban centers without intergovernmental coordination." Menendez's plan would establish a new migration coordination office at the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

The outline represents the latest effort to tackle an issue that hasn’t seen significant progress on Capitol Hill in decades.

The effort, which does not appear to have GOP support at the moment, comes months after a bipartisan Senate duo launched a last-minute push to enact immigration reform during the lame-duck session.

That plan, put forward by then-Democratic Sen. Kyrsten Sinema of Arizona, who became an independent in December, and Sen. Thom Tillis, R-N.C., called for $25 billion to boost border security, which factored in higher salaries for border agents and increased staffing and other resources to secure the border. It also called for expediting the asylum process through investments in asylum officers, litigation teams, and immigration judges and courts. And it would have created a pathway to citizenship for roughly 2 million “Dreamers,” young, undocumented immigrants who were brought to the U.S. by their parents.

Menendez’s proposal similarly calls for beefing up salaries for Border Patrol and field operations employees and expediting asylum processing. Menendez, who chairs the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, is also calling for new visas to address worker shortages identified by states. Raising the number of work visas would require congressional action.

Customs and Border Protection reported Monday that encounters with migrants at the border in March were up 23%, to about 191,900, from the previous month, a bump that's typical as spring approaches, but down about 14% from March of last year.