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As 'Sesame Street' turns 50, its spinoffs help shape children around the world

The sun never sets on Sesame Street.
Abelardo, Big Bird's cousin, on the set of Mexico's \"Plaza S?samo,\" which debuted in 1973. It was one of dozens of Sesame Street productions that have run around the world.
Abelardo, Big Bird's cousin, on the set of Mexico's "Plaza Sésamo," which debuted in 1973. It was one of dozens of Sesame Street productions that have run around the world.Gary Miller / Sesame Workshop

Sesame Street runs around the world.

The classic children's program, home to Big Bird and Elmo, the Letter of the Day, and the "Rubber Duckie" song, turns 50 years old Sunday. But in addition to the countless segments that have been watched by generations of families, the program has another legacy: a bevy of spinoffs that the show's production company, Sesame Workshop, has launched around the world.

More than 30 countries have launched productions of Sesame Street since 1972, starting with “Vila Sésamo” in Brazil. Not all productions still run, according to Sesame Workshop there are eight current international productions. And while Elmo and other U.S.-born characters may appear on these shows, they are often their own entities, with characters, locations, themes and storylines tailored to the region of broadcast.

Middle East

More than a dozen shows have launched in the Middle East, starting in 1979 with Kuwait's “Iftah Ya Simsim,” which means “Open Sesame” in Arabic; 1998's “Rechov Sumsum / Shara’a Simsim,” a co-production in with Israel and the Palestinian territories, aimed to build on the signing of the Oslo peace accords by teaching children tolerance and acceptance of other groups. In Afghanistan, the lead character Zari of “Baghch-e-Simsim” serves to expose children to themes of female empowerment and gender equality.

North America

Four co-productions have launched in the countries bordering the United States. Mexico's "Plaza Sésamo," Sesame Workshop's second international production, began in 1972, followed a year later by "Sesame Street Canada."

A second Mexican version, "Sésamo," has aired since 2016.

South America

Brazil has been home to three shows. "Vila Sésamo," the very first international production, aired in October 1972, with a second run of the show, "Sésamo," launching in 2007. A third, also "Sésamo," began in 2017 and is still on the air.


“Sesamstrasse,” Germany’s Sesame Street, was the first European-specific production when it premiered in 1973. Since then, more than ten other productions in more than ten European countries have been broadcast.


“Takalani Sesame” launched in South Africa in 2000 and made news with its character Kami, the brightly-colored HIV-positive 5-year-old. The show is now in its 11th season.


When “Sesame!” debuted in the Philippines in 1983, it was Asia’s first Sesame Street production. Since then, seven other countries have launched 10 Sesame Street productions, including ones in Russia, China and Japan.

India’s edition of Sesame Street, “Galli Galli Sim Sim” and Bangladesh’s “Sisimpur” are still running.

Australia and Indonesia

“Jalan Sesama” debuted in Indonesia in 2008.

Carmen Osbahr, a puppeteer who plays the bilingual muppet Rosita on the U.S. Sesame Street broadcast, says the differences are intentional, and help local children relate to the stories.

“Every child has the right to have fun and be a child and learn,” Osbahr said. “A kid from Mexico is going to be different from a kid from Egypt. But they're kids, and they have the right to learn.”

The broadcasts are developed in partnership with local production houses, governments and educators, said Shari Rosenfeld, a Sesame Workshop vice president who has launched regional broadcasts in several countries. They begin with a research team that interviews educators, parents and children, to determine what the educational focus of the show should be.

“We start with the needs before we move into the creative,” Rosenfeld said.

And each region’s needs can be very different. When South Africa’s “Takalani Sesame,” which means “Be Happy, Sesame” in Venda, launched in 2000, the show featured an HIV-positive muppet named Kami. Kami was created to destigmatize the disease at a time when nearly a quarter of pregnant women were living with HIV.

Whoopi Goldberg and Kami, the HIV-positive muppet from the South Africa production of Sesame Street, embrace during a town hall meeting in observance of World AIDS Day in New York in 2002.Mario Tama / Getty Images

“Ahlan Simsim,” which means “Welcome Sesame” in Arabic, will debut in the Middle East in 2020. It will feature Jad, a boy who had to leave his home, a nod to the 6.7 million refugees who have fled Syria. The lead character in Afghanistan’s “Baghch-e-Simsim” is Zari, a school-loving six-year-old girl through whom producers approach themes of gender equality.

Afghan puppets Zari, left, and Zeerak, with puppeteer Mansoora Shirzad, record a a segment for the 6th season of Afghan Sesame Street "Baghch-e-Simsim" in Kabul in 2017.Rahmat Gul / AP

The shows have taken several paths to the airwaves. Sometimes, broadcasters will reach out to Sesame Workshop about producing similar programming, as stations in Germany and Mexico did shortly after the first Sesame Street episode aired in 1969. For Ahlan Simsim, the group and the International Rescue Committee were awarded a grant to provide early-childhood education to children affected by the Syrian refugee crisis.

Several of the regional shows have developed their own legacies. Germany’s “Sesamstrasse,” which debuted in 1973, is still on the air. Takalani Sesame turns 20 next year. And, as actors are trained in the process of manipulating muppets for television, entire communities of puppeteers have sprouted in the countries of production.

Sesamstrasse puppets in Hamburg, Germany, in 2003.Christof Stache / AP file

Osbahr, who was trained by Jim Henson in the 1980s, is a product of that legacy. Before joining Sesame Street, she grew up watching the early seasons of Mexico’s “Plaza Sésamo” in the 1970s.

“I was an older girl when I started watching Plaza Sésamo,” Osbahr said. “It introduced me to different kinds of music. It does wonderful things in different ways for the kids.”

Select Sesame Street international productions, 1972-2019

"Plaza Sésamo," the second international Sesame Street

Mexico's production of Sesame Street debuted the same year as Brazil's, 1972. The set centered on an town plaza instead of a street, and featured two new muppets, Paco the parrot and Abelardo, first a crocodile and later a bird.

"Plaza Sésamo"Gary Miller / Sesame Workshop

"Sesame Street Canada" and "Sesame Park"

Canada's edition of Sesame Street, first named "Sesame Street Canada" in 1973 became "Sesame Park" in 1996.

"Sesame Park"Sesame Workshop

"Rechov Sumsum / Shara’a Simsim"

The joint Israel and Palestinian territories production of Sesame Street broadcast in 1998, and in it the Israeli and Palestinian characters lived on different streets and invited each other to meet up and play together. This was not without challenges.

Israeli muppet Dafi, left, visits Palestinian muppet Haneen on the set of a Palestinian street on April 1, 1997 during the taping of a joint Israeli-Palestinian production of Sesame Street.Will Yurman / AP

"Galli Galli Sim Sim"

India's Sesame Street production launched in 2006 and continues to broadcast new episodes.

First lady Laura Bush, accompanied by Nafisa Ali, the chairperson of the Children's Film Society of India, meets the cast "Galli Galli Sim Sim," India's production of Sesame Street in 2006.DAVID GUTTENFELDER / ASSOCIATED PRESS

"Jalan Sesama" in Indonesia, 2008

Momon and Putri on the set of "Jalan Sesama," the Indonesian version of Sesame Street, in Jakarta, on May 22, 2007.By Ismoyo / AFP - Getty Images
Jiachuan Wu and Jeremia Kimelman contributed.