Libya’s uprising against Gadhafi

An uprising in Libya ousts dictator Moammar Gadhafi.

People gathering in Benghazi, Libya in mid-February of 2011 as protest against the rule of Moammar Gadhafi grew, in part triggered by the arrest of human rights activist Fethi Tarbel. EDITOR'S NOTE:The content, date and location of this image could not be independently verified.


Buildings at the entrance to a security forces compound burn in Benghazi, Feb. 21, 2011. Libyan protesters celebrated in the streets of Benghazi, claiming control of the country's second largest city after bloody fighting, and anti-government unrest spread to the capital with clashes in Tripoli's main square for the first time.

Alaguri / AP

Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi speaks on state television. Feb. 22, and signalled his defiance over a mounting revolt against his 41-year rule.


Libyan U.N. ambassador Shalgham is embraced by Dabbashi, Libya's deputy U.N. Ambassador after denouncing Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi for the first time during a Security Council meeting at the headquarters of the United Nations in New York on Feb. 25. Shalgam, a longtime friend and member of Gadhafi's inner circle, had previously refused to denounce Gadhafi.

Staff / X01095

Thousands of Libyans gather for the Muslim Friday prayers outside the courthouse in the eastern city of Benghazi on Feb. 25, 2011. Perhaps 8,000 people gathered for the midday prayers with a local imam, who delivered his sermon alongside the coffins of three men killed in the violent uprising that routed Gadhafi loyalists from Benghazi.

Gianluigi Guercia / AFP

Rebels hold a young man at gunpoint, who they accuse of being a loyalist to Gadhafi, between the towns of Brega and Ras Lanuf, March 3, 2011.

Goran Tomasevic / X90012

Pro-Gadhafi soldiers and supporters gather in Green Square in Tripoli, March 6, 2011. Thousands of Moammar Gadhafi's supporters poured into the streets of Tripoli, waving flags and firing their guns in the air in the Libyan leader's main stronghold, claiming overnight military successes.

Ben Curtis / AP

Rebel fighters jump away from shrapnel during heavy shelling by forces loyal to Gadhafi near Bin Jawad, March 6. Rebels in east Libya regrouped and advanced on Bin Jawad after Gadhafi forces ambushed rebel fighters and ejected them from the town earlier in the day.

Goran Tomasevic / X90012

Libyan rebel fighters take cover as a bomb dropped by an airforce fighter jet explodes near a checkpoint on the outskirts of the oil town of Ras Lanuf on March 7, 2011.

Marco Longari / AFP

Libyan rebels fire rockets at government troops on the frontline. March 9, 2011 near Ras Lanuf. The rebels pushed back government troops westward towards Ben Jawat.

John Moore / Getty Images Europe

Men, who used to work in Libya and fled the unrest, wait to board buses to be repatriated at a refugee camp at the Tunisia-Libyan border, in Ras Ajdir, Tunisia, March 15, 2011. More than 250,000 migrant workers left Libya for neighboring countries, primarily Tunisia and Egypt, in the previous three weeks.

Emilio Morenatti

Libyan government soldiers aboard tanks at the west gate of the town Ajdabiyah March 16, 2011. Libya's army pounded an opposition-held city in the country's west and battled fighters trying to block its advance on a rebel bastion in the east amid flagging diplomatic efforts to end the bloodshed. EDITOR'S NOTE: Picture taken on a government guided tour.

Ahmed Jadallah / X90013

Libyan people in Benghazi celebrate after the United Nations Security Council authorized a no-fly zone over Libya, March 18. Thousands of Libyans erupted in cheers as the news flashed on a giant screen in besieged Benghazi late March 17. After weeks of discussion, the UN Security Council banned flights in Libya's airspace and authorized "all necessary means" to implement the ban, triggering intervention by individual countries and organizations like NATO.


A picture combo shows a Libyan jet bomber crashing after being apparently shot down in Benghazi on March 19, 2011 as the Libyan rebel stronghold came under attack. Air strikes and sustained shelling of the city's south sent thick smoke into the sky.

Patrick Baz / AFP

Residents of Benghazi flee the city along the road toward Tobruk, in an attempt to escape fighting in their city, March 19, 2011. Gaddafi's troops pushed into the outskirts of Benghazi, a city of 670,000 people, in an apparent attempt to pre-empt Western military intervention expected after a meeting of Western and Arab leaders in Paris.

Reuters Tv / X00514

Vehicles belonging to forces loyal to Gadhafi explode after an air strike by coalition forces, along a road between Benghazi and Ajdabiyah March 20, 2011.

Goran Tomasevic / X90012

A rebel fighter carries his weapon outside the northeastern Libyan town of Ajdabiyah, March 21, 2011. A wave of air strikes hit Gaddafi's troops around Ajdabiyah, a strategic town in the barren, scrub of eastern Libya that rebels aim to retake and where their fighters said they need more help.

Finbarr O'reilly / X90055

A Libyan rebel prays next to his gun on the frontline of the outskirts of the city of Ajdabiya, south of Benghazi, March 21, 2011. The international military intervention in Libya is likely to last "a while," a top French official said, echoing Moammar Gadhafi's warning of a long war ahead as rebels, energized by the strikes on their opponents.

Anja Niedringhaus / AP

Libyan rebels retreat as mortars from Gadhafi's forces are fired on them near the outskirts of the city of Ajdabiya, March 22, 2011. Coalition forces bombarded Libya for a third straight night, targeting the air defenses and forces of Libyan ruler Moammar Gadhafi, stopping his advances and handing some momentum back to the rebels, who were on the verge of defeat.

Anja Niedringhaus / AP

A Libyan man is comforted by hospital staff as he reacts after identifying his killed brother in the morgue of the Jalaa hospital in Benghazi, March 22, 2011. His brother was killed earlier in fighting around the city of Ajdabiya.

Anja Niedringhaus / AP

Volunteer fighters training at a rebel army training camp in Benghazi, March 29, 2011. Pro-government forces intensified their attacks on Libyan rebels, driving them back over ground they had taken in recent days. The rebels had reached Nawfaliya, but pulled back to Bin Jawad.

Manu Brabo / EPA

Smoke billows as seven explosions were reported in the tightly-guarded residence of leader Moammar Gadhafi and military targets in the suburb of Tajura. Two explosions also rocked the Libyan capital Tripoli on March 29, 2011, as NATO-led coalition aircraft had been seen in the skies over the capital.

Mahmud Turkia / AFP

A Libyan rebel urges people to leave, as shelling from Gadhafi's forces started landing on the frontline outside of Bin Jawaad, 93 miles east of Sirte, March 29, 2011.

Anja Niedringhaus / AP

General Abdel-Fattah Younis, former interior minister in the Gadhafi regime who defected in the early days of the uprising, is greeted by Libyan rebels at the front line near Brega, April 1, 2011.

Altaf Qadri / AP

Libyan men show the V-sign for victory as they stand on the deck of a Turkish ship arriving from Misrata to the port of Benghazi who were evacuated along with others the injured in the fighting between rebel and Gadhafi forces, April 03, 2011. The Turkish vessel took hundreds of people wounded in the Libyan uprising for treatment in Turkey from the two cities of Misrata and Benghazi.

Mahmud Hams / AFP

A wounded prisoner from Gadhafi's forces is transported in the back of a pickup truck by rebels, on the way to a hospital for treatment, half way between Brega and Ajdabiya, April 9, 2011. Rebels say they took two prisoners after a clash with soldiers near Brega's university outside the government-controlled oil facilities, marking a noticeable advance by rebels.

Ben Curtis / AP

In this image taken from TV, Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi makes a pubic appearance in Tripoli, April 14 2011. Gadhafi defiantly waved at his supporters while being driven around Tripoli while standing up through the sunroof of a car.


A rebel fighter celebrates as his comrades fire a rocket barrage toward the positions of government troops April 14, 2011, west of Ajdabiyah.

Chris Hondros / Getty Images Europe

Gadhafi supporters hold copies of his portrait as they gather at the Bab Al Azizia compound in Tripoli, April 15, 2011. Rebels held much of eastern Libya by mid-April, while Gadhafi controlled the west, with the front line shifting back and forth in the middle.

Pier Paolo Cito / AP

Doctors work on a baby who suffered cuts from shrapnel that blasted through the window of his home during fighting in the besieged city of Misrata, April 18, 2011. Thousands of civilians are trapped in Misrata as fighting continues between Libyan government forces that have surrounded the city and anti-government rebels there. The Libyan government has come under international criticism for using heavy weapons and artillery in its assault on Misrata.

Chris Hondros / Getty Images Europe

MISRATA, LIBYA - APRIL 20: Libyan rebel fighters discuss how to dislodge some ensconced government loyalist troops who were firing on them from the next room during house-to-house fighting on Tripoli Street in downtown Misrata April 20, 2011 in Misrata, Libya. Rebel forces assaulted the downtown positions of troops loyal to Libyan strongman Moammar Gaddafi April 20, briefly forcing them back over a key bridge and trapping several in a building that fought back instead of surrendering, firing on the rebels in the building and seriously wounding two of them during the standoff. Fighting continues between Libyan government forces that have surrounded the city and anti-government rebels ensconced there. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)

Chris Hondros / Getty Images Europe

Libyan rebel fighters carry out a comrade wounded during an effort to dislodge some ensconced government loyalist troops who were firing on them from a building during house-to-house fighting on Tripoli Street in downtown Misrata April 20, 2011. Rebel forces assaulted the downtown positions of troops loyal to Gaddafi, briefly forcing them back over a key bridge and trapping several in a building where they fought back instead of surrendering. Two rebels were seriously wounded during the standoff.

Chris Hondros / Getty Images Europe

Rebels tread carefully as they prepare to invade a house where soldiers from the pro-government forces had their base in the Zwabi area of Misrata on April 24, 2011.

Andre Liohn / EPA

Libyans inspect damage and an unexploded missile at the Gadhafi family compound in a residential area of Tripoli, May 1, 2011. Gadhafi escaped a NATO missile strike in Tripoli that killed one of his sons and three young grandchildren. EDITOR'S NOTE: Photo taken on a government guided tour.

Darko Bandic / AP

Moammar Gaddafi's son Saif al-Islam Gadhafi, center, leaves the funeral of his brother Saif Al-Arab Gadhafi, who was killed during air strikes by coalition forces, at the El Hani cemetery in Tripoli, May 2, 2011. Crowds chanting Gadhafi's name gathered in Tripoli for the funeral of his son and three grandchildren.

Louafi Larbi / X01874

Fleeing migrants and Libyans are seen on board an International Organization of Migration ship leaving the port of Misrata on May 4, 2011, as Gadhafi forces continued to pound the city.

Christophe Simon / AFP

Libyan men watch as the main fuel depot in Libya's third largest city, Misrata, burns following a bombing by Gadhafi's forces on May 7, 2011. Libyan regime forces shelled fuel depots in Misrata and dropped mines into its harbor using helicopters bearing the Red Cross emblem, rebels said as they braced for a ground assault.

Ricardo Garcia Vilanova / AFP

Libyan rebels celebrate near the airport of Misrata on May 11, 2011 after capturing the city's strategic airport following a fierce battle with Moammar Gadhafi's troops -- their first significant advance in weeks.

Ricardo Garcia Vilanova / AFP

Women react after a protest against Moammar Gadhafi's regime in Benghazi, Libya, on May 16, 2011. Luis Moreno-Ocampo, prosecutor of the International Criminal Court in The Hague, announced that he would seek arrest warrants against the leader of Libya, Moammar Gadhafi, his son Seif al-Islam and the country's intelligence chief on charges of crimes against humanity.

Rodrigo Abd / AP

Tripoli street in Misrata is seen from the terrace of a building used by Gadhafi’s snipers before the rebels took control of the area on May 22, 2011. The weeks-long siege of the city ended in mid-May and Tripoli Street was the site of the fiercest fighting in the battle and a turnin point in the war.

Rodrigo Abd / AP

A rebel fighter gives water to a soldier loyal to Gadhafi after he was wounded and then captured near the front line, west of Misrata on May 23, 2011.

Rodrigo Abd / AP

An uncle, left, prays over the body of one and a half year-old Mohsen Ali al-Sheikh during a washing ritual during the funeral at his family's house in Misrata, May 27, 2011. The child was killed by a gunshot during clashes between rebels and pro-Gadhafi forces earlier in the day.

Wissam Saleh / AP

The body of a drowned refugee floats near a capsized ship which was transporting an estimated 850 refugees from Libya, approximately 22 miles north of the Tunisian islands of Kerkennah, June 4, 2011. At least 578 survived the sinking.

Lindsay Mackenzie / AP

Libyan rebels round-up soldiers loyal to Gadhafi following their capture in Libya's western mountain region of Qalaa on June 7, 2011.

Colin Summers

Fires burn as explosions erupt near compound of Gadhafi’s residence in Tripoli on June 7, 2011. The complex was consistently targeted by a NATO air campaign.


Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi plays chess with Kirsan Ilyumzhinov, the president of the international chess federation, in Tripoli on June 12, 2011 in this image taken from video broadcast on Libyan state television. This was the last time he was seen before he was captured and killed.

Libya TV

A former Libyan prisoner, center, kisses his daughter after disembarking from a ferry that departed from Tripoli. Three hundred Libyans, including 51 rebels held by Gadhafi troops, were evacuated to the rebel-held capital Benghazi on June 24, 2011 by the International Committee of the Red Cross.

Hassan Ammar

Libyans walk past the graves of Gadhafi soldiers killed since the beginning of the uprising at a cemetery for fallen loyalists in Misrata on June 24, 2011.

Gianluigi Guercia

Libyan government spokesman Mussa Ibrahim speaks to journalists at the sea port in Tripoli on July 4, 2011. Ibrahim said Libya had arrested 11 rebels transporting about 100 light machine guns from Tunisia. The weapons had been supplied by Qatar, according to the spokesman. EDITOR'S NOTE: Picture taken on a government guided tour.

Louafi Larbi

A rebel with a bicycle celebrates the liberation of al-Qawalish, 60 miles southwest of Tripoli, after six hours of battle.

Gaia Anderson

National Transitional Council (NTC) chairman Mustafa Abdul Jalil leaves the podium after addressing tens of thousands of Libyans during a mass rally in the rebel stronghold of Benghazi on July 6, 2011.

Gianluigi Guercia

Libyan rebel mechanics weld metal plates to a truck in Misrata, July 10, 2011.

Thaier Al-sudani

A Libyan woman reacts as she fires an anti-aircraft gun during training with a rebel army officer in Benghazi on July 11, 2011


Supporters of Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi shout slogans during a pro-regime rally in Al-Ejelat, east of Tripoli, July 14, 2011. A message from Gadhafi was reportedly relayed by loudspeakers, urging his supporters to march on the rebel capital Benghazi in the east to liberate the city.

Mohamed Messara

Rebels wave as an Air Libya aircraft takes off from Rhebat air strip on July 12, 2011. Ali Tarhouni, the oil and finance minister in the council opposing Gadhafi, opened the airfield linking the rebel capital Benghazi with a remote Western Mountain stronghold south of Tripoli.

Ammar Awad

Libyan special emergency police officers receive rifles and armor in the police department in the rebel-held city of Benghazi, July 12, 2011. The new police unit was founded by the Libyan interim government National Council in early June.

Sergey Ponomarev

During a funeral in Zintan on July 14, 2011, Libyan mourners gather around the coffins of eight rebels killed during clashes with loyalist troops in the flashpoint hilltop town of Gualish.

Marco Longari

A fighter loyal to Gadhafi is captured by rebel forces on August 6, 2011, as they advance on the town of Bir Ghanam, 50 miles south of the Libyan capital Tripoli.

Florent Marcie

Libyan rebel fighters celebrate as they drive through Tripoli's Qarqarsh district on August 22, 2011.

Bob Strong

An armed rebel fighter kicks a soccer ball near Gadhafi's Bab al-Aziziya compound as it burns on Aug. 23, 2011. Libyan rebels captured the palace after days of fighting for control of Tripoli.

P. De Poulpiquet

A rebel celebrates while wearing a hat, necklace and scepter thought to be taken from Gadhafi's Bab al-Aziziya compound, in Tripoli, Aug. 23, 2011.

Bryan Denton

Young rebels show on of the many photo albums of former Secretary of State Condoleeza Rice, who obviously was on Gadhafi's mind, which were found in his residence 'Bab Al Aziziya', August 24, 2011, in Tripoli.

Ammar Abd Rabbo

Rebel fighters and a television cameraman take shelter as an intense gun battle erupted outside the Corinthia hotel, where many foreign journalists were staying, in Tripoli, Aug. 25, 2011. Libya's rebel leadership offered a $2 million bounty on Gadhafi's head, but the autocrat refused to surrender as his 42-year regime crumbles, fleeing to an unknown destination. Speaking to a local television channel, apparently by phone, Gadhafi vowed from hiding to fight on "until victory or martyrdom."

Sergey Ponomarev

People look over the crater left by a NATO airstrike in a building at the Khamis Brigade headquarters on Aug. 29, 2011 in Tripoli. The brigade was said to be the most well-equipped and trained of the Gadhafi's forces and were lead by his son, Khamis, who is believed to have been killed on Aug. 29.

Daniel Berehulak

An rebel fighter stands near mourners during the funeral prayer for 35 people in the town of Al-Qalaa on Sept. 7, 2011. The bodies of the 35 people were found in a shipping container where, according to locals, the victims had been detained and tortured by security forces loyal Gadhafi.

Zohra Bensemra

A woman looks at pictures of deceased rebel fighters, killed during the revolution, hanging on the wall of a court house, in Liberation Square in Benghazi on Sept. 10, 2011.

Asmaa Waguih

Libyan Transitional National Council chairman Mustafa Abdel Jalil waves to supporters after his speech at the former Green Square, renamed Martyr's Square in Tripoli, Sept. 12, 2011. The chief of Libya's former rebels arrived in Tripoli, and was greeted by a boisterous red carpet ceremony meant to show he's taking charge of the interim government replacing the ousted regime of Moammar Gadhafi.

Francois Mori

A former rebel fighter looks through binoculars at the northern gate of Bani Walid, as smoke rises from the town on Sept. 18, 2011

Alexandre Meneghini

An anti-Gadhafi fighter salvages weapons at Gadhafi weapons and ammunition compound in a village near Sirte, one of the dictator’s last remaining strongholds, on Sept. 19, 2011.

Goran Tomasevic

Libyan air force pilot Ali Al-Rabti is hugged by his son upon his arrival at Mitiga airport in Tripoli on Sept. 18, 2011. Two air force pilots who refused to bomb civilians during Gadhafi’s rule and fled to Malta in February returned to Tripoli.

Suhaib Salem

A casualty is brought into a hospital in Misrata, Libya's third largest city, on Sept. 20, 2011. On the same day, U.S. President Barack Obama hailed a "new chapter" for Libya as the victorious rebels' red, black and green flag was hoisted at the United Nations ahead of its annual General Assembly.

Ricardo Garcia Vilanova

A man collected human remains at the site of a mass grave in Tripoli September 25, 2011. Libya's interim authorities said they had found a mass grave in the capital containing the bodies of more than 1,270 people killed by Gadhafi's security forces in a 1996 massacre at Tripoli's Abu Salim prison.

Suhaib Salem

A Libyan revolutionary fighter runs for cover while attacking pro-Gadhafi forces in Sirte, on Oct. 7, 2011.

Manu Brabo

National Transitional Council (NTC) fighters take part in a street battle in the 700 complex area of "Emarat" against Gadhafi's troops on October 8, 2011 in Sirte. As residents celebrated in Tripoli, Misrate, Benghanzi and other Libyan cities, the battle continued in Sirte, Gadhafi's hometown.

Majid Saeedi

Libyan rebel fighters fire at pro-Gadhafi forces during the battle to liberate the city of Sirte on Oct. 13, 2011.

Mohamed Messara

A photograph taken from a video by a National Transitional Council (NTC) fighter shows Mutassem Gadhafi, son of Moammar Gadhafi, drinking water and smoking a cigarette following his capture and shortly before his death, in Sirte, Oct. 20, 2011.

- / AFP

A Libyan National Transitional Council (NTC) fighter looks through a large concrete pipe where Moammar Gadhafi was was captured. A a dead loyalist gunmen lies in the foreground, in Sirte, Oct. 20, 2011. Arabic graffiti in blue reads: "This is the place of Gadhafi, the rat.. God is the greatest."

Philippe Desmazes

A photograph taken from mobile phone video of a National Transitional Council (NTC) fighter shows the capture of Moammar Gadhafi in Sirte on Oct. 20, 2011.


Libyans take pictures with their mobile phones of Gadhafi's body in Misrata on Oct. 20, 2011 and he was killed. The new regime forces crushed the last pocket of resistance in his hometown Sirte and killed the former Libyan leader.

Mahmud Turkia

Revolutionary fighters celebrate the capture of Sirte on Oct. 20, 2011.

Manu Brabo

This image provided by the Libyan Youth Group on Nov. 19, 2011, shows Seif al-Islam Gadhafi after he was captured near the Niger border with Libya. Moammar Gadhafi's son, the only wanted member of the ousted ruling family to remain at large, was captured as he traveled with aides in a convoy in Libya's southern desert.

Libyan Youth Movement