Nelson Mandela

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Nelson Mandela: A revolutionary's life

View images of civil rights leader Nelson Mandela, who went from anti-apartheid activist to prisoner to South Africa's first black president.

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Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela , militant contre l' Apartheid, futur president sud africain, ici quand il etait jeune vers 1950 --- Nelson Mandela, activist against Apartheid, here in his youth c. 1950
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South African ANC Youth League leaders, Nelson Mandela, centre, Walter Sisulu, left, and Harrison Motlana, during the Defiance Campaign trial at the Supreme Court, in Johannesburg, in 1952. The Defiance Campaign encouraged people to defy the apartheid laws. (AP Photo/Schadeberg) MANDATORY CREDIT

South African ANC Youth League leaders, Nelson Mandela, centre, Walter Sisulu, left, and Harrison Motlana, during the Defiance Campaign trial at the Supreme Court, in Johannesburg, in 1952. The Defiance Campaign encouraged people to defy the apartheid laws. (AP Photo/Schadeberg) MANDATORY CREDIT
Jurgen Schadeberg / AP
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MANDELA ACCUSE DE TRAHISON 1956

In 1956 Nelson MANDELA (3rd from right), leader of the African National Congress (ANC) and other militants charged with treason by the South-African Union walked to the room where their trial was being held. En 1956, Nelson MANDELA (3ème à droite), leader de l'African National Congress (ANC) et d'autres militants se dirigent vers la salle où se tient leur procès pour trahison intenté par le gouvernement de l'Union sud-africaine. L'ANC emploie à cette époque des moyens pacifiques pour lutter contre l'apartheid. MANDELA est acquitté en 1961 mais lorsque lui et son mouvement passent à l'action armé, il est condamné à la prison à vie en 1964.
Keystone-france / KEYSTONE France
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South African anti-apartheid leader and

South African anti-apartheid leader and African National Congress (ANC) member Nelson Mandela shown in a file photo dated 1957 posing with his wife Winnie during their wedding. (Photo credit should read OFF/AFP/Getty Images)
Off / AFP
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NELSON MANDELA EN 1961

00/00/1961. The South African political leader Nelson MANDELA giving a speech before the African Congress. He was sentenced to a prison life penalty in 1964. Liberated in 1990 Nelson MANDELA shared the Nobel Peace Prize with Fréderic DE KLERK in 1993. Le leader politique sud-africain Nelson MANDELA en 1961 lors de son discours devant le Congrès Africain. En 1964, il fut condamné à la prison à perpetuité. Libéré en 1990, Nelson MANDELA a partagé le Prix Nobel de la paix avec Fréderic DE KLERK en 1993.
Keystone-france / KEYSTONE France
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Eight men, among them anti-apartheid lea

Eight men, among them anti-apartheid leader and African National Congress (ANC) member Nelson Mandela, sentenced to life imprisonment in the Rivonia trial leave the Palace of Justice in Pretoria 16 June 1964 with their fists raised in defiance through the barred windows of the prison car. The eight men were accused of conspiracy, sabotage and treason. (Photo credit should read OFF/AFP/Getty Images)
Off / AFP
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(FILES) Zinzi Mandela (c), daughter of j

(FILES) Zinzi Mandela (c), daughter of jailed-for-life anti-apartheid leader and African National Congress (ANC) member Nelson Mandela, holds a placard, 29 August 1985 at the campus of the Cape Town University as she and other black and white students stage a demonstration requesting the release of ANC activists. At right, an other student holds a picture of Mandela. (Photo credit should read GIDEON MENDEL/AFP/Getty Images)
Gideon Mendel / AFP
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File photo of Winnie Mandela raising her fist after announcing massive pop concert will be held to mark the 70th birthday of Nelson Mandela

Winnie Mandela raises her fist in a black power salute after announcing that a massive pop concert will be held to mark the 70th birthday of her husband, jailed black nationalist leader Nelson Mandela in this July 17, 1988 file photo. REUTERS/Wendy Schwegmann/Files (SOUTH AFRICA POLITICS)
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A jubilant Sowetan holds up 11 February

A jubilant Sowetan holds up 11 February 1990 in Soweto a newspaper announcing the release of African National Congress (ANC) leader Nelson Mandela, at a mass ANC rally. South African President de Klerk lifted 02 February the 30-year-old ban on the ANC and the South African Communikst Party, and 11 February, Nelson Mandela walked out of Victor Vester prison, near Cape Town, after 26 year since he was sentenced to life imprisonment. (Photo credit should read TREVOR SAMSON/AFP/Getty Images)
Trevor Samson / AFP
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MANDELA

Nelson Mandela and wife Winnie, walking hand in hand, raise clenched fists upon his release from Victor prison, Cape Town, Sunday, February 11, 1990. The African National Congress leader had served over 27 years in detention. (AP Photo)
Greg English / AP
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Anti-apartheid leader and African Nation

Anti-apartheid leader and African National Congress (ANC) member Nelson Mandela adresses a rally attended by over 100 000 people at Soccer City Stadium in Soweto, 13 February 1990, as a bodyguard inspects the crowd with binoculars. Le leader de l'ANC, Nelson Mandela s'adresse à la foule en levant le poing lors d'un meeting organisé par l'ANC au Stade Soccer City de Soweto (Afrique du Sud) le 13 février 1990, sous la surveillance étroite de son garde du corps qui inspecte les alentours aux jumelles. (Photo credit should read WALTER DHLADHLA/AFP/Getty Images)
Walter Dhladhla / AFP
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Groote Schuur Talks

CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA - 4 May 1990: Nelson Mandela and FW de Klerk address the media following breakthrough talks with the government at the Groote Schuur Estate in Cape Town on 05 May 1990. (Photo by Gallo Images/Oryx Media Archive/Benny Gool)
Oryx Media Archive/benny Gool
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South African Nationa Congress (ANC) President Nel

NEW YORK, UN: South African Nationa Congress (ANC) President Nelson Mandela smiles 22 June 1990 in New York, raising his arms over his head as he receives applause at the United Nations. Mandela urged the U.N . to maintain sanctions against South Africa until apartheid is abolished. (Photo credit should read DON EMMERT/AFP/Getty Images)
Don Emmert / AFP
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(FILES) South African anti-apartheid lea

(FILES) South African anti-apartheid leader and member of the African National Congress (ANC) Nelson Mandela (c) cheers 22 July 1990 the crowd as he holds up high the keys of his Mercedes Benz car, a gift, that was especially built and handed to him by South African workers of Mdantsana, a black township near East London. (Photo credit should read WALTER DHLADHLA/AFP/Getty Images)
Walter Dhladhla / AFP
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Anti-apartheid leader and African Nation

Anti-apartheid leader and African National Congress (ANC) member Nelson Mandela and his wife Winnie (C) joined in a group of clergymen and embassy officials, 12 December 1990, in Tokoza township in an effort to bring peace to the area where 83 people have lost their lives in clashes between Zulu's and Xhosas in the past 5 days. (Photo credit should read WALTER DHLADHLA/AFP/Getty Images)
Walter Dhladhla / AFP
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Nelson Mandela, South African National Congress (A

OSLO, NORWAY: Nelson Mandela, South African National Congress (ANC) President (2nd-l) and South Africa's last apartheid President Frederik de Klerk (r), display to journalists 10 December 1993 in Oslo their Nobel Peace Prizes. De Klerk shared a Nobel Peace Prize with Mandela for their efforts in securing a peaceful transition from apartheid rule. De Klerk resigned as leader of South African National Party in 1997, having served as Mandela's second deputy President until 1996. (Photo credit should read GERARD JULIEN/AFP/Getty Images)
Gerard Julien / AFP
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African National Congress (ANC) Presiden

African National Congress (ANC) President Nelson Mandela gives 15 March 1994 in Mmabatho a clenched fist to supporters upon his arrival for an election rally for 27 April general elections. South Africans will vote 27 April 1994 in the country's first democratic and multiracial general elections. (Photo credit should read WALTER DHLADHLA/AFP/Getty Images)
Walter Dhladhla / AFP
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African National Congress (ANC) Presiden

African National Congress (ANC) President Nelson Mandela smiles broadly 27 April 1994 in Oshlange, black township near Durban, as he casts his historic vote during South Africa's first democratic and all-race general elections. (Photo credit should read WALTER DHLADHLA/AFP/Getty Images)
Walter Dhladhla / AFP
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South African President Nelson Mandela t

South African President Nelson Mandela takes the oath 10 May 1994 during his inauguration at the Union Building in Pretoria. Mandela was elected president at the first session of the country's post-apartheid parliament, 09 May 1994 in Cape Town. South Africans had voted 27 April 1994 in the country's first democratic and multiracial general elections. (Photo credit should read WALTER DHLADHLA/AFP/Getty Images)
Walter Dhladhla / AFP
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le président sud-africain, Nelson Mandel

le président sud-africain, Nelson Mandela, félicite le capitaine de l'équipe d'Afrique du Sud de rugby, François Pienaar, avant de lui remettre, le 24 juin 1995 à Johannesbourg, le trophée William Webb Ellis, après la victoire de son équipe face à la Nouvelle-Zélande (15-12), en finale de la Coupe du monde de rugby. AFP/JEAN-PIERRE MULLER South Africa's president Nelson Mandela congratulates South Africa's rugby team captain François Pienaar before handing him the William Webb trophy after his team's victory over New Zealand (15-12) in the final of the Rugby World Cup at Ellis Park in Johannesburg 24 June 1995. AFP/JEAN-PIERRE MULLER (Photo credit should read JEAN-PIERRE MULLER/AFP/Getty Images)
Jean-pierre Muller / AFP
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Mandela and Pope listen to national anthems at Johannesburg Airport.

South African President Nelson Mandela (R) and Pope John Paul II listen to national anthems after they met at Johannesburg International Airport September 16, 1995, at the start of the pope's first official visit to the country. REUTERS BOOKS Pope John Paul II Reaching Out Across Borders REUTERS/Luciano Mellace PP03090123 POPE LEADERS JM
Luciano Mellace / © Luciano Mellace / Reuters
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South African President Nelson Mandela (

South African President Nelson Mandela (R) lays a brick at the Rolihlahla primary school in Ikhutseng, Warrenton, in the Northern Cape Province, on 31 August 1996. Provincial Premier Manne Dipico (C) accompanied him at this official launching of the presidential project to build a primary school in Ikhutseng. (Photo credit should read ANNA ZIEMINSKI/AFP/Getty Images)
Anna Zieminski / AFP
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CLINTON LOOKS TOWARD MANDELA INSIDE MANDELA'S PRISON CELL

U.S. President Bill Clinton looks toward South African President Nelson Mandela as he gazes out through the bars of cell number 5 where he was imprisoned for 18-years on Robben Island March 27. Clinton said he was glad Mandela survived the experience without "having his heart turned into stone. AFRICA CLINTON
Pool Old / © Reuters Photographer / Reuters
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Image: SOUTH AFRICAN PRESIDENT NELSON MANDELA AND GRACA MACHEL WEDDING.

South African President Nelson Mandela and his bride Graca Machel greet friends and family after the first traditional phase of a two-part wedding in Pretoria and Johannesburg July 18. After singing a traditional wedding song with family in Pretoria, their union was blessed by clergymen including Archbishop Desmond Tutu at the home they recently bought together in Johannesburg. PA/ME
© Str Old / Reuters / X00700
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South African President Nelson Mandela (L) receive

PRETORIA, SOUTH AFRICA: South African President Nelson Mandela (L) receives a five volumes of Truth and Reconciliation Commission final report from Archbishop Desmond Tutu, in Pretoria 29 October. The report reveals human rights abuse by various political parties during the Nationalist Party (NP) rule. Accepting the report, Mandela acknowledged that the wounds of the period of repression and resistance were too deep to have been healed by the TRC alone. (Photo credit should read WALTER DHLADHLA/AFP/Getty Images)
Walter Dhladhla / AFP
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Outgoing South African President Nelson Mandela (R

PRETORIA, SOUTH AFRICA: Outgoing South African President Nelson Mandela (R) waves as he arrives for the inauguration of Thabo Mbeki (R) as second democratically elected President of the Republic of South Africa at the Union Buildings in Pretoria, 16 June 1999. (ELECTRONIC IMAGE) AFP PHOTO ODD ANDERSEN (Photo credit should read ODD ANDERSEN/AFP/Getty Images)
Odd Andersen / AFP
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Former South African president Nelson Mandela hugs

CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA: Former South African president Nelson Mandela hugs Babalwa Tembani (20), who was infected with the HIV virus after being raped by her uncle at the age of 14, at the Nolungile Clinic at Site C in Khayelitsha, Cape Town 12 December 2002. She is currently on ante-retroviral treatment and is involved in education work in schools and youth centres. Nelson Mandela visited the clinic which is run by Medecins Sans Frontiers and is the first site in South Africa where ante-retroviral treatment is offered for free in public community centres. AFP PHOTO ANNA ZIEMINSKI (Photo credit should read ANNA ZIEMINSKI/AFP/Getty Images)
Anna Zieminski / AFP
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South African former President Nelson Ma

South African former President Nelson Mandela holds the Jules Rimet World cup beside Capetown Archbishop Desmond Tutu, 15 May 2004 at the FIFA headquarters in Zurich. South Africa won the right to host the 2010 World Cup finals, the first to be played in Africa, football's world governing body FIFA announced here 14 May, "The 2010 World Cup will be organised by South Africa," said FIFA President Sepp Blatter. AFP PHOTO FRANCK FIFE (Photo credit should read FRANCK FIFE/AFP/Getty Images)
Franck Fife / AFP
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Former South African President Nelson Ma

Former South African President Nelson Mandela celebrates his 86th birthday with his wife Graca Machel ( L ) and ex -wife Winnie Madikizela Mandela ( R ) in his rural home town of Qunu in the Eastern Cape Province on 18 July 2004. AFP PHOTO == SOUTH AFRICA OUT == (Photo credit should read AFP/AFP/Getty Images)
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Brian May performs at the 46664 concert in honour of Nelson Mandela in Hyde Park, London

Brian May performs at the 46664 concert in honour of Nelson Mandela in Hyde Park, London June 27, 2008. The event was organized to raise funds for Nelson Mandela's HIV/AIDS "46664" campaign, named after his prison number. Exactly 46,664 people were expected to attend the event, which also celebrates the former South African president's 90th birthday on July 18. REUTERS/Andrew Winning (BRITAIN) - RTX7EZU
© Andrew Winning / Reuters / X00802
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Image: Nelson Mandela, Graca Machel

In this photo supplied by The Nelson Mandela Foundation, former president Nelson Mandela blows out the candles on his birthday cake, alongside his wife Graca Machel, left, as he celebrates his 91st birthday in Johannesburg, Saturday July 18, 2009. (AP Photo/Debbie Yazbek-Nelson Mandela Foundation) ** NO SALES **
Debbie Yazbek / AP
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Image: US First Lady Michelle Obama meets Nelson Mandela

epa02788228 A handout picture provided by the Nelson Mandela Foundation on 21 June 2011 shows US First Lady Michelle Obama (L) and former President Nelson Mandela (R) as they view his newest book titled 'Nelson Mandela by himself' at his home in Houghton, Johannesburg, South Africa, 21 June 2011. Michelle Obama is on her first solo trip to Africa. EPA/DEBBY YAZBEK / NELSON MANDELA FOUNDATION / HO EDITORIAL USE ONLY/NO SALES
Debby Yazbek / Nelson Mandela Fo / NELSON MANDELA FOUNDATION
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Image: Nelson Mandela Receives The ANC Centenary Torch

QUNU, SOUTH AFRICA - MAY 30 (SOUTH AFRICA OUT): Former South African president Nelson Mandela (L) receives the African Nation Congress' centenary torch from their chairwoman Baleka Mbete at his home on May 30, 2012 in Qunu, South Africa. The original torch was lit during the party's 100th birthday celebrations earlier this year, before a replica was presented to Mandela at his home. He will celebrate his own 94th birthday on July 18, 2012. (Photo by Daily Dispatch/Gallo Images/Getty Images)
Gallo Images / Getty Images Europe
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Image: School children read the history of former South African President Nelson Mandela written on a chalkboard, ahead of the opening of a container library by the Bill Clinton foundation in celebration of Mandela day, at a school in Qunu

School children read the history of former South African President Nelson Mandela written on a chalkboard, ahead of the opening of a container library by the Bill Clinton foundation in celebration of Mandela day, at a school in Qunu, July 17, 2012. Former U.S. President Bill Clinton visited Mandela at his residence ahead of his 94th birthday celebrations. REUTERS/Siphiwe Sibeko (SOUTH AFRICA - Tags: POLITICS ANNIVERSARY EDUCATION)
Siphiwe Sibeko / X90069
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Image: Nelson Mandela

FILE – MARCH 28, 2013: It has been reported that Nelson Mandela, 94, was re-admitted to hospital shortly before midnight on Wednesday, due to a recurring lung infection. He spent 18 days in hospital in December being treated for a lung infection and gallstones. SOUTH AFRICA - JUNE 02: A group of American and South African students, aged from 11 to 19, met with Nelson Mandela at the Nelson Mandela Foundation in Johannesburg, on 2 June 2009. This is part of a series of activities ahead of Mandela Day on 18 July. (Photo by Media24/Gallo Images/Getty Images)
Media24 / Gallo Images / Hulton Archive
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