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Thousands of Migrants Flock to Rome's Gloomy Street
Volunteers set up a makeshift camp for thousands of migrants looking for refuge in Rome.
Tempers are flaring between increasingly frustrated residents and boat migrants mostly from Africa using a well-known transit camp in central Rome as temperatures soar this summer.
Italy is taking in thousands of boat migrants every week for a third year in a row, and friction is common between them and those who live along the path many take on their journey towards northern Europe.
Above: Migrants prepare for the night at a makeshift camp in Via Cupa (Gloomy Street) in downtown Rome, Italy, August 1, 2016.
Set up by volunteers, the Baobab centre, by Rome's Tiburtina train station, was shut down by police in December in the wake of the Paris attacks and because the European Union wants Italy to stop migrants from moving on, not help them to do so.
But Baobab volunteers quickly set up a camp on the street in front of the old shelter with tents and chemical toilets, serving three meals a day, and migrants have flocked there in their thousands to the camp in Via Cupa - Gloomy Street in English.
Above: A migrant walks through the makeshift camp in Via Cupa, Rome on August 1.
Baobab organizers estimate 40,000 have come through in the past year. Last week, about 300 men, women, children and teenage boys slept on mattresses laid out on the road, and the numbers are expected to rise as the summer wears on.
Above: Migrants assemble a puzzle depicting Italy on a map.
A migrant is getting a haircut from a volunteer. Residents and Baobab volunteers alike have been calling on Rome's city government to provide a more suitable location, but after more than seven months none has been found.
Italy has been on the front line of Europe's immigration crisis, taking in more than 420,000 boat migrants since the start of 2014, official figures show. The state provides shelter to some 140,000 asylum seekers - seven times more than it did in 2013 - in centers up and down the Italian peninsula.
Volunteers argue that shelters for migrants in transit are needed not only for humanitarian reasons, but also to keep them out of the hands of criminal people smugglers.
Above: A migrant reads a book in Via Cupa.
Eritrean, Somali and Sudanese are the most common nationalities found at Baobab because they often have family members already living in other countries. Typically they stay no longer than two or three days before moving on.
Baobab is fully operated by volunteers - doctors, retired civil servants, designers and others - and funded by donations. Each week its Facebook page asks for specific items, such as small-size men's shoes or Ibuprofen. Someone donated a car battery so migrants can charge their phones.
Above: Migrants gather to collect tickets for food in Via Cupa.
"We're the first to say that the situation is inadequate," said Francesca Del Giudice, a Baobab founder. "We don't think it's a dignified shelter for them. We want to take them off the street; instead they're sleeping on the street."
Above: A migrant washes himself in Via Cupa.
A migrant has his eyes washed by a volunteer at the makeshift camp.
Migrants pray at the makeshift camp in Via Cupa.