America’s most endangered historic places

A Civil War fort, a Colonial-era farm and a 1,000-square-mile swath of northwestern New Mexico all landed on the list of America’s most endangered historic places.

The Greater Chaco landscape covers more than 1,000 square miles of northwestern New Mexico and hundreds of Native American archaeological and cultural sites. Increased oil and gas exploration and extraction are happening on federal lands north of the Chaco Culture National Historical Park. Here, a dragline removes overburden at the Navajo Mine, a surface coal mine in the San Juan Basin.

Adriel Heisey / Adriel Heisey

This 2,000-acre site along Virginia’s James River was transformed from a slave-holding plantation into two schools for African American and Native American students. The historic buildings are deteriorating and need emergency repairs.

Chinese immigrants arrived in droves in 1877 to this San Joaquin Valley town. But most of the historic buildings lining China Alley are deteriorating. And there is no local historic preservation staff or commission to enforce local protections.

Historic Fort Gaines played a pivotal role in the Civil War battle of Mobile Bay. Today, the fort's shoreline is eroding as much as 50 feet a year, threatening the site.

With its rustic setting and array of historic buildings, Milwaukee’s Soldiers Home provided refuge for generations of American veterans. Today, its historic buildings are unused and on the verge of collapse.

With its distinctive concrete clover-leaf structure, Prentice Women’s Hospital has graced Chicago's skyline for nearly four decades. The building faces imminent demolition.

Charles Rex Arbogast / AP

Jazz artist John Coltrane lived with his young family in this ranch house on Long Island until his death in 1967. The house, where Coltrane wrote "A Love Supreme," continues to deteriorate due to lack of funds.

The Lakota in the Black Hills of South Dakota call the 4,426-foot Bear Butte mountain Mato Paha. This sacred ground for many tribes, and National Historic Landmark, is threatened by energy development.

Jenny Buddenborg / NTHP

The biggest and most advanced facility in the world when it was completed in 1881, the Pillsbury "A” Mill Complex stands vacant and is in danger of piecemeal development.

Connected by a stone retaining wall, the 1773 distillery, 1818 spring/carriage house, 1815 granary and 1803 barn surround three sides of the barnyard. This 400-acre farm has been home to eight generations of one family. Longwall coal mining threatens this time capsule of colonial farm life.

In state legislatures across the country, cuts to preservation funding and incentives imperil hundreds of thousands of historic places. Here, a tour group visits the Governor's Mansion State Historic Park in Sacramento, Calif. But it and 69 of the state's 278 parks are to be closed due to state budget cuts.

Rich Pedroncelli / AP