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By NBC News

As the noose tightens on Aleppo, with hundreds of people being killed over the past week amidst a new government offensive, take a look back at the stories of children in the Syrian city engulfed by devastation.

Related: How to Help Aleppo's Children

NBC News first met the Kiwan family in Jordan where they were refugees from the war in neighboring Syria. Today, the family lives in Marietta, Georgia, where daughter Hala will soon begin a series of life-saving heart operations.

A 5-year-old bloodied Syrian boy in an ambulance captivated the world — for a moment. But as the world moves on, Omran Daqneesh and 75,000 other children will continue to fight for survival in a war zone.

The guns and bombs are going mostly unused in rebel-held Aleppo, but residents of the besieged city are still waiting for food that was promised to be sent during the ceasefire.

Disturbing footage shot inside makeshift hospitals in rebel-held eastern Aleppo show the casualties from attacks launched in the wake of Syria's failed truce.

His name is Rami Adham, but to people in Syria he's known as "the toy smuggler." Since civil war erupted in his homeland, Adham has traveled to Syria more than two dozen times.

Aid workers in Syria are desperately urging the U.S. and Russia help broker a ceasefire to end the conflict that is wiping out a generation of Aleppo's children. ITV's Paul Davies reports.