UPDATE (12/4/2021 6:30 p.m. E.T.): This piece has been updated throughout following CNN's decision to fire Chris Cuomo on Saturday evening.
By and large, journalists realize they have to conduct themselves in certain ways to earn the public's trust. On a personal level, that means behaving ethically. On a professional level, that means adhering to professional journalistic norms, such as truth-telling and avoiding conflicts of interest.
The journalism industry has identified the steep decline of trust in the traditional media as one of the gravest challenges to its survival.
This is more than just an exercise in best practices. The journalism industry has identified the steep decline of trust in the traditional news media as one of the gravest challenges to its survival.
And that's why the Chris Cuomo case has been so damaging to CNN — and to the entire journalism profession.
For months, Cuomo apparently bulldozed his way through the rules most journalists follow assiduously, and up until now suffered few serious consequences. He was allowed to flout the most commonsense restrictions on conflicts of interest by doing buddy-comedy segments with his brother, Andrew, then the governor of New York, who was leading what turned out to be a deeply flawed response to Covid-19.
When it was revealed that Chris Cuomo had violated CNN guidelines by taking part in strategy calls to help defend his brother from an ever-growing number of sexual harassment accusations, the star anchor was scolded but not disciplined. Despite calls to do so, CNN executives initially did not launch their own investigation of Cuomo's behavior.
But now, newly released transcripts and exhibits from the New York attorney general's investigation have exposed just how profoundly Chris Cuomo violated journalistic norms and the public's trust.
He aggressively advised his brother's team on how to escape accountability — effectively aiding and abetting his brother's allegedly abusive treatment of women. He used his position as a journalist to suss out information — in one case about how far along Ronan Farrow was with his New Yorker story on the sex scandal. "I would reach out to sources, other journalists, to see if they had heard of anybody else coming out," he confirmed in an interview with state investigators. He searched for dirt on his brother's accusers.
He flat-out lied on air on Aug. 16 when he assured his audience that "I never attacked nor encouraged anyone to attack any woman who came forward. I never made calls to the press about my brother's situation."
He apparently was, in fact, fervently trying to help his brother even as he assured viewers — and his bosses — that he was not.
Cuomo told the state investigators that his motive was selfless. "That's it for me: How do I protect my family? How do I help protect him? Probably should have been thinking more about how I protect myself, which just never occurred to me." And some defenders have suggested that he was simply acting out of brotherly love. But brotherly love manifests itself in acts like holding a private intervention, not engaging in a public deception — and especially not when your job is covering the news.
"This was not about taking a leave of absence from your job as a teacher, let’s say, to donate a lifesaving kidney to your brother," wrote Washington Post media columnist Margaret Sullivan. This was "Power helping power, in the service of disrupting the investigation of potential crimes."
And initially, Cuomo was only suspended by CNN — not fired. And for days it seemed liked firing might not have been on the table.
"It's a complicated situation," Brian Stelter, CNN's chief media correspondent, said on Wednesday. "I think the bottom line is that Cuomo is on the bench for now. We're heading into a holiday season. I think it's possible he will be on the bench for several weeks. It's possible he'll be back in January."
CNN executives, as guardians of one of the most important brands in news, were under a profound obligation to hold Cuomo accountable and reassert their adherence to basic journalistic norms. So why did it take them so long to fire him?
Part of it was that he's a star who gets great ratings. Part of it was that Cuomo and network president Jeff Zucker seem to have what the Washington Post calls a "close" relationship, and Zucker has been a steadfast supporter.
But the even more potent, underlying reason becomes obvious when you consider that only a powerful, privileged white man would have been able to get away with a fraction of what Cuomo has done. Women and people of color routinely get in much bigger trouble for much less.
Firing Cuomo was only the first step. CNN still owes us a public reckoning of Cuomo's mistakes — and its own. That includes a recognition of the serious downsides of holding powerful white men to a different standard.