updated 7/14/2007 12:03:30 AM ET 2007-07-14T04:03:30

Today is Saturday, July 14, the 195th day of 2007. There are 170 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On July 14, 1789, during the French Revolution, citizens of Paris stormed the Bastille prison and released the seven prisoners inside.

On this date:

In 1798, Congress passed the Sedition Act, making it a federal crime to publish false, scandalous or malicious writing about the United States government.

In 1853, Commodore Matthew Perry relayed to Japanese officials a letter from President Millard Fillmore, requesting trade relations. (Fillmore’s term of office had already expired by the time the letter was delivered.)

In 1881, outlaw William H. Bonney Jr., alias “Billy the Kid,” was shot and killed by Sheriff Pat Garrett in Fort Sumner, N.M.

In 1913, Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr., the 38th president of the United States, was born Leslie Lynch King Jr. in Omaha, Neb.

In 1933, all German political parties, except the Nazi Party, were outlawed.

In 1958, the army of Iraq overthrew the monarchy.

In 1965, the American space probe Mariner 4 flew by Mars, sending back photographs of the Red Planet.

In 1966, eight student nurses were murdered by Richard Speck in a Chicago dormitory.

In 1976, Jimmy Carter won the Democratic presidential nomination at the party’s convention in New York.

In 1978, Soviet dissident Natan Sharansky was convicted of treasonous espionage and anti-Soviet agitation, and sentenced to 13 years at hard labor. (Sharansky was released in 1986.)

Ten years ago: The international war crimes tribunal for the former Yugoslavia sentenced Dusan Tadic, a Bosnian Serb, to 20 years in prison for turning on his Muslim and Croat neighbors in a deadly campaign of terror and torture. O.J. Simpson’s California mansion was auctioned off for $2.6 million.

Five years ago: A gunman tried but failed to assassinate French President Jacques Chirac during a Bastille Day parade. Joaquin Balaguer, ruler of the Dominican Republic for 22 years, died at age 95.

One year ago: Israel destroyed the home and office of Hezbollah’s leader, Sheik Hassan Nasrallah, and tightened its seal on Lebanon, blasting its air and road links to the outside world. Spurred by Mideast fighting, oil prices rose to an intraday record $78.40 a barrel. Actress Carrie Nye died in New York at age 69.

Today’s Birthdays: Movie and stage director Ingmar Bergman is

89. Actor Dale Robertson is 84. Actor Harry Dean Stanton is 81. Actress Nancy Olson is 79. Actress Polly Bergen is 77. Former football player Rosey Grier is 75. Music company executive Tommy Mottola is 58. Actor Jerry Houser is 55. Actor-director Eric Laneuville is 55. Actor Stan Shaw is 55. Movie producer Scott Rudin is 49. Country musician Ray Herndon (McBride and the Ride) is 47. Actor Jackie Earle Haley is 46. Actor Matthew Fox is 41. Rock musician Ellen Reid (Crash Test Dummies) is 41. Rock singer-musician Tonya Donelly is 41. Actress Missy Gold is 37. Rhythm-and-blues singer Tameka Cottle (Xscape) is 32. Hip-hop musician taboo (Black Eyed Peas) is 32.

Thought for Today: “The willing contemplation of vice is vice.” — Arabic proverb.

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