Image: Tom MacMaster
AFP - Getty Images
Tom MacMaster, a 40-year-old Edinburgh University masters student and Middle East activist, poses in the lobby of his Istanbul hotel on Monday.
By Elizabeth Chuck Reporter
updated 6/14/2011 5:59:04 PM ET 2011-06-14T21:59:04

What’s stranger than a man posing as a Syrian lesbian blogger? Two men posing as lesbian bloggers and being unmasked when the “Syrian” staged his/her own abduction.

The emergence of a second male imposter posing as a lesbian is the latest twist in the strange case of the “Gay Girl In Damascus,” a supposed Syrian lesbian blogger named Amina Arraf, who was the subject of headlines around the world last week after she was believed to have been abducted by two masked men.

Readers may have assumed the story had run out of gas over the weekend, when Arraf was revealed to be a 40-year-old Georgia man, Tom MacMaster, who said he had assumed the lesbian persona in order to call attention to the political situation in Syria.

But that was before the Washington Post revealed late Monday that "Paula Brooks," the editor of the lesbian news site, where Arraf began posting, was in fact Bill Graber, a 58-year-old retired U.S. Air Force pilot.

The unmasking of the two men began when Arraf was reported missing last week. Word spread quickly via Twitter and other social media that the articulate woman who bravely detailed accounts of life in Damascus had disappeared — and soon, so did suspicions.

In an effort to track down Arraf, reporters and online sleuths tracked her digital footprints, and came across a lesbian news site called, where she had posted comments.

"We are very worried about her," the editor of, who identified herself as Paula Brooks, emailed on June 7, when contacted to request permission to use photos of Arraf. "PLEASE get as much attention out as you can."

That attention arrived, more than Graber ever wanted.

"I was telling other people's stories, people who didn't want to tell them with their own names, so Paula told them," Graber told in a phone interview on Tuesday. "I wasn't being evil; I wasn't being crazy."

While MacMaster apologized for the international firestorm his Syrian blogger hoax had set off, Graber expressed less remorse — except to his wife, Paula. Paula Graber found out about her husband's online persona at the same time the rest of the world did.

"My wife is a busy lady. She knows that I do something on the computer, but she respects my privacy," he said. Now that she knows, she "is really, really, really annoyed that I used her name. She said, 'Couldn't you have used another one?' I probably should have done that."

But the Paula Brooks lesbian persona was necessary, Graber argued.

He said he started using the character of Paula Brooks six years ago, describing her as a gay surfer mom who lived in The Outer Banks, N.C., an area Graber loves and hoped to promote as a vacation destination. Paula blogged about surf conditions and her dog. Graber created it as a "harmless little game," but soon discovered the blog was gaining popularity.

"I had a lot of readers who didn't know that Paula wasn't real," he said. "... She was a hiding place for me."

More recently, Graber, who lives in Ohio, said he decided to provide an online space for gay and lesbian activists after seeing first-hand how gay couples in domestic partnerships are treated.

"I had a very good lesbian couple that were my friends," he said. "They had a relationship that was to kill for. I watched one of them die, and I watched the hell that they went through that I wouldn't have had to go through" as a straight, married man.

So in 2008, Graber said, he created Surfer Mom Paula became lesbian editor-in-chief Paula.

"That character had to be credible," Graber said. "I'm an impressive guy, but the gay community is going to tell me to get screwed" if he had blogged as a straight man.

Enter 'A Gay Girl in Damascus'
In February, Amina Arraf began commenting on LezGetReal. Her writing was superb, Graber said, but he was immediately suspicious. He emailed her — as Paula — seeking verification of her identity and asking why, among other red flags, her website's IP address was in Scotland, not Syria.

"She said that's the way you to do it in Syria. You had to use a proxy to get out," he said. "So I never looked into it again."

Meanwhile, to beef up his own fake character's authenticity, Graber had created a Facebook profile for Paula Brooks. He used a photo of his sister when she was 20 for the profile picture.

As Arraf, Tom MacMaster looked Paula Brooks up on Facebook.

"He was a player," Graber said. "He tried to flirt."

The two exchanged messages for months, but Graber said he kept it strictly business. Whenever Arraf became flirtatious, he said, he claimed Paula had a girlfriend and was not interested in anything beyond the reporting from Syria.

"That would not accomplish the purpose of the blog, which is to report the news — not go into drama," he said.

Any lingering doubts Graber had about Arraf's identity were put to rest when UK publication The Guardian published an interview with Arraf in May.

"I took that as confirmation. The Guardian doesn't tell fantastical stories," he said.

Graber didn't know that the interview was conducted over email. He continued to publish his blog, working with about 15 other writers.

But living what Graber called "a double-life" started to take its toll. He said he started searching for a replacement editor-in-chief to run the blog.

"I've been trying to get out of this for a year," he said. "I had a couple of candidates to give the blog to, but it didn't work out. Then I finally found someone in Vermont."

The plan was to hand over the blog in August to the contributor, Linda LaVictoire, and to start a new blog, this time as himself.

'It freaked me out'
But when Gay Girl in Damascus's disappearance was first reported, Graber knew he had to get out immediately.

"It freaked me out when (the media) started coming to me," he said. "I had no idea what to say. I wanted to save my blog, but I wanted to save my ass, too, so I was making up crazy stuff. I had to be an actor."

Graber contacted the person he knew as Arraf on Saturday, ticking off his suspicions and demanding to know who was behind the Arraf persona.

"I haven't heard from him and I don't think I ever will," he said of MacMaster. "He was flirting with a sock-puppet lesbian who collected all this information on him."

As MacMaster's lies unraveled, so did Graber's. His staff was shocked to learn Paula wasn't real, he said.

"I've been annoyed by all the jokes about the two dudes pretending to be lesbians," Graber said. "If you look at the story, you would say, 'That's a nutcase.' But now you know that I had a plan.

"I was trying to run a blog, and I had to run it credibly. I would still be running a credible blog today if it weren't for that Amina character."

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Video: Blogger apologizes for gay Syrian hoax

  1. Closed captioning of: Blogger apologizes for gay Syrian hoax

    >>> an american blogger that is apologizing today for the massive hoax and uproar that he caused when he claimed that he was a lesbian syrian american living in da maus cus. we're live in our london bureau . what's the latest on what looks to be a a very interesting story here?

    >> he's somebodying another apology. this one much longer and much more apologetic than yesterday. but there's a lot of anger over this for a lot of reasons. you talk about the reliance we've had many the past few months with all this uprising in the middle east and we're looking to facebook and blogs and twitter posts with greater credibility than we ever had before. and now you've got this man an american 40 years old living in scotland pretending to be this woman. now coming out and saying it's a hoax. people are very angry. it does make you question how much we can rely on these postings. he did issue an apology today saying he was very sorry for what he had done. he also said i feel like i created an important voice for issues i feel strongly about. clearly not that apologetic. doesn't really regret doing it in terms of getting this voice out there. it's raised a lot of questions also among the people in syria. this is a time when few foreign journalists are allowed in that very restrictive country. people have been following this blog because it gave them a glimpse inside wlafs happening there. and then came the word that this woman had been abducted report willed i. it all turned out to be a hoax. they tracked it down to this man in scotland .

    >> do we know if any resources reacted to this claim by this fake blogger? were people mobilized to try to find her?

    >> absolutely. a lot of people became concerned for this woman's welfare. the u.s. state department because she was apparently a u.s. citizen was trying to track her down. that's how it finally unravelled. there's always a trail with the internet. they found the ip address and located this man in scotland . this were resources dedicated to it. that's part of the anger as well.


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