Video: Cairo is once again the scene of violence

  1. Transcript of: Cairo is once again the scene of violence

    BRIAN WILLIAMS, anchor: We now turn from our top medical story tonight to the Middle East . It was just over about eight months ago when we arrived in Egypt , where the Mubarak regime was coming apart before our very eyes right there in Tahrir Square . It included an explosion of violence, one part of the Arab Spring as it became known. But from those high hopes back then, fast forward to tonight's headline from there, another explosion of violence and a rising death toll. And tonight our chief foreign correspondent Richard Engel is once again back in Cairo with the very latest. Richard , good evening,

    RICHARD ENGEL reporting: Good evening, Brian . Egypt 's transition.... This wasn't what the revolution was supposed to bring. Funerals after a massacre last night of Christians by Egypt 's mainly Muslim army . It started yesterday evening with a peaceful demonstration. Christians , 10 percent of the population here, were demanding justice after one of their churches was burned down last week by increasingly aggressive Islamic radicals. But when the demonstrators reached central Cairo , government troops, witnesses say, attacked. Military vehicles plowed through crowds. The demonstrators responded, attacking troops with stones. Soldiers opened fire, killing 25. Even as some Christians formed a human shield around one soldier to protect him from angry crowds. In a hospital today, we found two young men, one hit by an army truck, the other shot. Both insist the army killed unarmed civilians. Protesters are still gathered tonight in front of the hospital where the bodies of the Christian demonstrators were taken. Many of these people say Egypt 's revolution has brought in a period of chaos and empowered Islamic extremists , leaving Egypt 's Christian minority under threat and now under attack.

    Christians told us the revolution has failed. The army is helping the Islamic groups. Adding to the distrust, the ruling military tried to cover up last night's violence. State TV claimed it was the army that was attacked by Christians . It played patriotic music and scenes of Muslim-Christian harmony, even as clashes continued in front of the station's own headquarters. Local TV stations that showed the violence were taken off the air. Today, Islamic radicals with knives and sticks surrounded a car in Cairo allegedly driven by a Christian, and beat him, raising even more questions about what the Egyptian revolution has unleashed.

    Unidentified Man:

    ENGEL: We had a dicey satellite signal there and have lost our ability to communicate with Richard live, but you see there the kind of rough day they're having in Cairo in Egypt once again.

    WILLIAMS:

msnbc.com news services
updated 10/11/2011 8:32:08 PM ET 2011-10-12T00:32:08

Egypt's Coptic church blasted authorities Monday for allowing repeated attacks on Christians with impunity as the death toll from a night of rioting rose to 26, most of them Christians who were trying to stage a peaceful protest in Cairo over an attack on a church.

The spiritual leader of the Coptic Christian minority, Pope Shenouda III, declared three days of mourning, praying and fasting for the victims starting on Tuesday and also presided over funerals for some of the Christians killed. Sunday's sectarian violence was the worst in Egypt since the uprising that ousted Hosni Mubarak in February.

"Strangers got in the middle of our sons and committed mistakes to be blamed on our sons," the Coptic church said in a statement. It lamented "problems that occur repeatedly and go unpunished."

The clashes Sunday night raged over a large section of downtown Cairo and drew in Christians, Muslims and security forces. They began when about 1,000 Christian protesters tried to stage a peaceful sit-in outside the state television building along the Nile in downtown Cairo. The protesters said they were attacked by "thugs" with sticks and the violence then spiraled out of control after a speeding military vehicle jumped up onto a sidewalk and rammed into some of the Christians.

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There is no precise breakdown of how many Christians and Muslims were among the victims, but the 26 are believed to be mostly Christian. Officials said at least three soldiers were among the dead. Nearly 500 people were injured. Egypt's official news agency said dozens have been arrested.

The army imposed a curfew on Cairo's Tahrir Square, the focus for protests that brought down Mubarak, and the downtown area. It was set from 2 a.m. to 7 a.m. local time.

Pictures of smashed faces and dead bodies of what activists said were bodies run over by military vehicles circulated online, with angry comments comparing the violence used by the military to that of Mubarak's hated police in the uprising.

"What happened today is unprecedented in Egypt. 17 corpses crushed by military tanks," Hossam Bahgat, human rights activist tweeted from hospital. "I saw bodies missing hands and legs, heads twisted away or plastered to the ground."

Much smaller skirmishes broke out again Monday outside the Coptic hospital where many of the Christian victims were taken the night before. Several hundred Christians pelted police with rocks outside while the screams of grieving women rang out from inside the hospital. Some of the hundreds of men gathered outside held wooden crosses and empty coffins were lined up outside the hospital.

There were no word on casualties from the new clashes.

In Washington, the White House said President Barack Obama is deeply concerned about the violence in Egypt and called for restraint on all sides.

"As the Egyptian people shape their future, the United States continues to believe that the rights of minorities - including Copts - must be respected, and that all people have the universal rights of peaceful protest and religious freedom," a White House statement said. "These tragic events should not stand in the way of timely elections and a continued transition to democracy that is peaceful, just and inclusive."

Story: Christians in Egypt fear Islamist pressure

Christians, who make up about 10 percent of Egypt's 85 million people, blame the ruling military council that took power after the uprising for being too lenient on those behind a spate of anti-Christian attacks since Mubarak's ouster. The chaotic power transition has left a security vacuum, and the Coptic Christian minority is particularly worried about a show of force by ultraconservative Islamists, known as Salafis.

In recent weeks, riots have broken out at two churches in southern Egypt, prompted by Muslim crowds angry over church construction. One riot broke out near the city of Aswan, even after church officials agreed to a demand by ultraconservative Muslims known as Salafis that a cross and bells be removed from the building.

Aswan's governor, Gen. Mustafa Kamel al-Sayyed, further raised tensions by suggesting to the media that the church construction was illegal.

Christian protesters are demanding the ouster of the governor, reconstruction of the church, compensation for people whose houses were set on fire and prosecution of those behind the riots and attacks on the church.

The European Union strongly condemned the violence.

"It is about time that the Egyptian leadership understands the importance of religious plurality and tolerance," German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle said. "It's very important that the Egyptian authorities reaffirm freedom of worship in Egypt," added British Foreign Secretary William Hague.

Egyptian Prime Minister Essam Sharaf warned in a televised address that the riots were another setback on the country's already fraught transition to civilian rule after three decades of Mubarak's authoritarian government.

"These events have taken us back several steps," Sharaf said. He blamed foreign meddling for the troubles, claiming it was part of a "dirty conspiracy." Similar explanations for the troubles in Egypt are often heard from the military rulers who took power from Mubarak, perhaps at attempt to deflect accusations that they are bungling the management of the country.

"Instead of moving forward to build a modern state on democratic principles, we are back to seeking stability and searching for hidden hands — domestic and foreign — that meddle with the country's security and safety," Sharaf said.

Story: Egyptian Christians renew clashes with police amid worst violence since Arab Spring uprising

Sunday's violence will likely prompt the military to further tighten its grip on power.

The ruling military council led by Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi, defense minister of 20 years under Mubarak's former regime, took over after the 18-day popular uprising forced Mubarak to step down. The military initially pledged to hand back power to a civilian administration in six months, but that deadline has passed, with parliamentary elections now scheduled to start in late November. According to a timetable floated by the generals, presidential elections could be held late next year.

Already, the military council said it had no intention to lift the widely hated emergency laws in place since Mubarak first took office in 1981.

Tension has been growing between the military and the youth groups that engineered the uprising, with activists blaming the generals for mishandling the transition period, human rights violations and driving a wedge between them and ordinary Egyptians.

"The army incites sedition to remain in power," said Mariam Ayoub, a relative of a slain Christian protester, Michael Mosaad, as she stood outside the Coptic hospital. "They tell all of us that this is what happens without emergency laws."

State television said authorities stepped up security at vital installations in anticipation of renewed unrest, deploying additional troops outside parliament and the Cabinet. Riot police were also stationed outside the Coptic hospital. Funeral services were planned in the afternoon at the main Coptic Cathedral in Cairo.

The clashes on Sunday night did not appear to be exclusively sectarian.

State TV, which has been growing increasingly loyal to the military, appealed on "honorable" Egyptians to protect the army against attacks as news spread of clashes between the Christian protesters and the troops outside the TV building. Soon afterward, bands of young men armed with sticks, rocks, swords and firebombs began to roam central Cairo, attacking Christians. Troops and riot police did not intervene to stop the attacks on Christians.

Throughout the night, the station cast the Christian protesters as a violent mob attacking the army and public property. At one point, Information Minister Osama Heikal went on the air to deny that the station's coverage had a sectarian slant, but acknowledged that its presenters acted "emotionally."

The military council ordered the Cabinet to investigate the violence and pledged measures to safeguard Egypt's security

The Associated Press and Reuters contributed to this report.

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