Video: The most dangerous place in the world

  1. Closed captioning of: The most dangerous place in the world

    >>> now to the crisis in africa, where millions of fighting for their lives in the face of famine, violence and drought. ann curry has an extraordinary look tonight at the capital of somalia tonight, mogadishu , the danger, the high stakes and how it got this way.

    >> reporter: mogadishu , somalia , it's the capital of chaos, torn to ruins by decades of war and anarchy. it is filled with weapons and suffocated by fear. this is where black hawk down happened. where somali pirates operate. it's considered by many the most dangerous place in the world, even by the battle-hardened.

    >> i think no one nation anywhere, no one place in the world anywhere, like somalia .

    >> reporter: lieutenant colonel paddy okunda takes us through the front line of just the latest fighting. our armored personnel carrier at the ready for any sign of attack. we keep moving. ieds and suicide bombs an ever-present threat. at one stop, seconds after an ak-47 sounds off we move quickly out of the area. peacekeepers at the moment are wing the battle for territory against al qaeda -support islamists called al shaba. you are saying this is the training ground for al qaeda ? the spread of islamic terrorism has turned a drought into a famine that didn't have to happen. the violence making it hard for international aid agencies to reach people in need . all these children are hungry. they have their hand also out, they are shaking my hand, and yet they are still smiling. and with the need so great, especially with the lives of millions of children in the balance, one frustrated aid worker asked me, where is the humanity? ann curry , nbc news, mogadishu .

NBC News and msnbc.com
updated 9/26/2011 1:26:01 PM ET 2011-09-26T17:26:01

More than 11 million people in the Horn of Africa require food assistance due to the region's worst drought in half a century, the United Nations says.

The UN says that famine exists in two regions of southern Somalia, southern Bakool and Lower Shabelle. Across the country, nearly half of the Somali population — 3.7 million people — are now in crisis, of whom an estimated 2.8 million people are in the south.

But parts of Kenya and Ethiopia are also in crisis.

Here are some key organizations that are providing aid in the region.

  • CARE
    The organization says it is providing food, water and primary education in the Dadaab refugee camps. Call 1-800-521-2273 or donate online.

  • Mercy Corps
    The global humanitarian agency is responding to the drought in the Horn of Africa with emergency operations in northeastern Kenya, and plans to build on existing work in hard-hit Ethiopia and Somalia. We will focus our efforts on the most vulnerable people in villages and towns.

    Mercy Corps is currently helping 150,000 people through programs like emergency food distributions, clean water delivery and cash-for-work activities in this area.

    Want to help? Click here to donate.

  • UNICEF
    UNICEF, the UN's children's organization, and its partners need more money to aid children in the Horn of Africa in the coming months. Immediate measures include child immunization campaigns and water and sanitation services to ward off disease.

    Text FOOD to UNICEF (864233) to donate $10, enough to feed a child for 10 days or provide 321 sachets of nutrient powder to boost infant survival and development, the aid group says.

  • International Committee of the Red Cross
    Red Cross has launched the East Africa Drought Appeal 2011 to provide emergency relief, including food, water and health assistance.

    Make donations online at www.redcross.org.au or by calling 1-800-HELPNOW.

  • Edesia Global Nutrition Solutions
    Executive Director Navyn Salem says, “You can very simply save a child’s life or change the course of a family’s life. It makes everything seem worthwhile and absolutely possible.” The organization has a special focus on the crisis in Somalia and is using Plumpy'nut® to "make a lasting impact and save lives." Make donations online.

  • Doctors Without Borders
    In Dadaab, Kenya, Doctors Without Borders says it is treating more than 2,400 children in its ambulatory therapeutic feeding program and 130 children in its inpatient therapeutic feeding center. An additional 5,047 children with moderate acute malnutrition are enrolled in a supplementary feeding program. There are now around 10,000 people in the organization's feeding program in the Dadaab camp.

    Donate here or by calling 1-888-392-0392.

  • Save the Children
    Save the Children has launched an effort in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia to feed underweight children, provide medical treatment and get clean water to remote communities. Click here for ways to give.

  • The World Food Programme
    The World Food Programme said it is reaching 1.5 million people in Somalia now, and is scaling up to reach 2.2 million more in the previously inaccessible south of the country. It says airlifts to Mogadishu will start within a few days to bring in special nutritious foods for malnourished children.

    Donate $10 by texting the word AID to 27722 or make a donation online

  • World Vision
    World Vision says it has been fighting hunger in the Horn of Africa for years and will continue to provide food, clean water, agricultural support, health care and other vital assistance to children and families. Donate online.

  • The International Rescue Committee
    In drought-wracked central Somalia, the International Rescue Committee is giving cash and other assistance to households whose livestock, pastures and farmland have been destroyed. In Kenya's refugee camps, the organization says, it is providing medical screenings and referrals for new arrivals at reception centers where they also receive food and basic supplies. Donate online.

  • Oxfam International
    Oxfam said it is responding to the crisis by providing water, sanitation services, food and cash. The aim is to reach at least 3 million people, including 700,000 in Ethiopia, 1.3 million in Kenya, and 500,000 in Somalia. Donate online.

  • International Medical Corps
    International Medical Corps teams have been delivering health care services to people in Somalia, Ethiopia, and Kenya since 1991 and are working rapidly to provide humanitarian relief to victims of drought and famine in the region. Donate online.

  • AmeriCares
    AmeriCares said it is preparing to send medical aid to areas of East Africa experiencing one of the worst droughts in decades. The organization has also established an Africa Disaster Relief Fund to help direct critical resources to the region. Donate online.

  • Action Against Hunger
    The organization said it's providing support for displaced and at-risk populations, treating acute malnutrition, and ensuring emergency access to clean water, improved sanitation, and hygiene programs for thousands of children and adults. Donate online or call 877-777-1420.

  • ActionAid
    ActionAid said it has already reached more than 200,000 people with emergency food supplies, water and livelihood support. In the next few months, the organization aims to reach an additional 120,000 people with much-need food and water. Donate online.

  • Adventist Development and Relief Agency
    According to the organization, the aid it's providing includes emergency water trucking, distribution of shelter materials, repair and construction of boreholes, distribution of food rations, and in Kenya special rations to 300 pregnant and breastfeeding mothers. Donate online.

  • American Friends Service Committee
    The organization says it is working in the Dadaab refugee camp on the Somalia-Kenya border and with local partners inside Somalia to support lasting peace efforts. Donate online.

  • American Jewish World Service
    The organization says it will be partnering with other organizations to ensure that aid is distributed to those who are most in need. Over the long term, AJWS will be working with its partners to address the underlying systemic causes of this crisis. Donate online.

  • American Refugee Committee
    The organization says it's working closely to provide life-saving relief to those in need, providing food aid and non-food items such as bedding, utensils and soap to more than 400 families. Donate online.

  • Ananda Marga Universal Relief Team (AMURT)
    AMURT says it is performing assessments in Northern Kenya to better serve the affected communities. Call 301-738-7122 for donations.

  • Baptist World Alliance
    The organization says it's working with its members in Ethiopia and Kenya to formulate an adequate drought response. Donate online.

  • Catholic Relief Services
    CRS says it is increasing its food distributionsfrom 400,000 people to 1 million people in Ethiopia. The organization also says it has an assessment team in the Dadaab refugee camps in Kenya and is preparing 9,500 kits with plastic sheeting & jerry cans for immediate distribution. Call 1-800-736-3467 or donate online.

  • CHF International
    CHF says it is responding to the crisis in the Horn of Africa through its country offices in Ethiopia and Kenya by providing continued emergency water support and other forms of aid. Donate online.

  • ChildFund International
    ChildFund says it is targeting its drought-relief efforts on children five and younger and their mothers, who are most at risk for nutritional deficiencies. The organization has partnerships with the World Food Programme and UNICEF. Donate online.

  • Christian Reformed World Relief Committee
    The organization says it is providing $7 million in emergency food supplies, water and fodder for livestock in five high-risk locations in Kenya and in southern Ethiopia. Donate online.

  • Church World Service
    CWS says it is working on a response centered on the Mwingi and Kibwezi areas of Kenya by providing emergency food relief, water tankering and long-term disaster risk reduction programs. Donate online.

  • CONCERN Worldwide
    Concern says it is reaching 400,000 in the affected regions with clean water, food and nutritional care. In Somalia, the organization says it's reaching more than 100,000 people. Donate online.


  • Direct Relief International
    According to the agency, Direct Relief has provided $30,000 in cash and $50,000 (wholesale) in medical supplies to respond to the Horn of Africa famine crisis that has affected nearly 1 million people along the northern border of Kenya. Donate online.


  • Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development (ACTED)
    From Uganda to Southern Somalia, through Kenya, ACTED says its teams are operating every day to ensure access to potable water and sanitation in order to improve the vulnerable populations’ food security. Donate online.

  • HelpAge USA
    HelpAge says it's distributing food, water and healthcare to older people and their families, as well as water, animal feed and veterinary care for livestock. Donate online.

  • Helping Hand for Relief and Development
    The organization says it has planned sending emergency aid, which includes providing basic sanitation and providing camps for internally displaced persons. Donate online.

  • International Orthodox Christian Charities
    Through its emergency healthcare partners, IOCC says it's putting nursing and public healthcare specialists into action to aid victims of the massive humanitarian crisis. The organization is also delivering financial assistance to provide critically needed healthcare support for millions of people. Donate online.

  • International Relief & Development
    IRD says its staff is working to design an emergency response focused on supplemental feedings. Donate online.
  • Islamic Relief USA
    The organization says it has launched a humanitarian assistance program to aid the civilian population affected by famine. Donate online.

  • Life for Relief and Development
    The organization says it is responding by providing funds to buy emergency food and it has also commissioned the digging of water wells. Donate online.

  • Lutheran World Relief
    LWR says it has committed an initial $500,000 to its partners operating in the Dadaab camps to assist new arrivals. Donate online.

  • Medical Emergency Relief International (Merlin)
    Merlin says it is providing nutrition and health services to those affected. Donate online.

  • The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR)
    UNHCR is already scaling up work on the ground, providing medical care and food. Donate online.

    $7: provides ready-to-use therapeutic food for a malnourished refugee child
    $50: therapeutic feeding kits – each one helps feed five children

    $100: survival kits – each has a blanket, mattress, kitchen set, stove and soap

    $450: all-weather tent to shelter a refugee family

    $5,500: nutrition survey kit, includes weighing scales (x5), height measuring board, hammock machine and accessories (micro-cuvettes, lancet, etc.), and mid upper arm circumference tape.

  • Global Enrichment Foundation
    The Global Enrichment Foundation, Hope for the Nations, and The African Future say they delivered the first convoy of emergency food aid on Aug. 4, 2011 in Dhoobley, Somalia, feeding 14,000. The food baskets distributed fed a family of five for two weeks. A second convoy is being organized for late August. Donate online.

  • Samaritan's Purse
    The organization says it sent a team that includes relief and nutrition specialists to northeast Kenya to lead the emergency response. SP has also set up a base of operations in Garissa, Kenya, along the Kenya/Somalia border, and have begun distributing tons of maize, beans, and cooking oil. Donate online.

  • Medical Teams International
    The organization says it will be deploying medical volunteers, medicines and medical supplies to the Horn of Africa. Donate online.

  • Mercy Corps
    The organization says its teams in Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya are responding to the crisis by distributing food and water and expanding relief efforts. Mercy Corps says it is on the ground helping more than one million people in the region survive. Donate online.

  • Mercy-USA For Aid and Development
    The organization says it has been working in the Horn of Africa since 1993. Its projects focus on nutrition, primary healthcare and promotion, controlling infectious diseases and improving access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene. Donate online.

  • Operation USA
    The organization says it is currently focusing on providing safe water to the camp in Dadaab, Kenya. Donate online.

  • Plan International USA
    The organization's response to the crisis includes trucking in water, medicine, and delivering therapeutic feeding programmes, supplementary feeding at schools, shelter and hygiene promotion. Donate online.

  • Relief International
    The organization says it is rehabilitating primary health care facilities, training health care professionals, providing essential nutrition services, distributing food to families and providing nutrition services for the malnourished. Donate online.

  • WellShare International
    WellShare International says it operates maternal and newborn care programs in East Africa. Donate online.

  • World Concern
    World Concern says it has worked in Eastern Kenya and Somalia for many years. It is responding to this crisis with life saving aid – water, food, emergency supplies and more. Donate online.



    Related links:

Story: Somali rebels say UN using famine label for politics

Story: UN officially declares famine in two regions of Somalia

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Photos: Famine strikes Eastern Africa

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  1. Families from southern Somalia wait for food rations at Maalin refugee camp at Hawlwadag district in Mogadishu on Sept.15. Somalia is the country worst affected by a severe drought in east Africa and the Horn that has left some 13 million people in danger of starvation. (Abdurashid Abikar / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  2. Somali refugees stand amid graves in a makeshift graveyard at Ifo camp, one of three camps that make up the sprawling Dadaab refugee complex in Dadaab town, northeastern Kenya, on Sept. 5. (Dai Kurokawa / EPA) Back to slideshow navigation
  3. Somali refugee children sit in a circle with wooden boards inscribed with lines from the Quran, in the outskirts of Ifo camp, Dadaab refugee complex, northeastern Kenya, on Sept. 6. (Dai Kurokawa / EPA) Back to slideshow navigation
  4. Somalian women queue for food at the Gift Of The Givers makeshift feeding center on Sept. 10 in Mogadishu. Gift Of The Givers is a South African-based disaster relief organization that is providing medical assistance and food aid to the famine-stricken people of Somalia. (Gallo Images / Getty Images Contributor) Back to slideshow navigation
  5. Tahliil Hussan holds an X-ray that shows the bullet still lodged in his abdomen at the Forlanini Hospital on Sept. 11 in Mogadishu, Somalia. A delegation from Gift Of The Givers Foundation is providing medical services to the famine-stricken in Somalia. (Gallo Images / Getty Images Contributor) Back to slideshow navigation
  6. A newly arrived Somali refugee boy tries to drink from a cup as he waits in line with his mother at a refugee reception center at Hagadera camp, one of three refugee camps that make up sprawling Dadaab refugee complex in Dadaab town, northeastern Kenya, on Sept. 5. (Dai Kurokawa / EPA) Back to slideshow navigation
  7. A newly arrived Somali refugee woman sobs as she is confined inside a makeshift cell for not following the procedures at a refugee reception center at Hagadera camp, northeastern Kenya, on Sept. 5. (Dai Kurokawa / EPA) Back to slideshow navigation
  8. Somali refugees bury the body of 3-month-old Halima Hassan Yarow, who died from malnutrition, at Ifo camp, northeastern Kenya, on Sept. 5. (Dai Kurokawa / EPA) Back to slideshow navigation
  9. Refugees who have been living on the outskirts of the camps in Hagadera rush to load their belongings onto trucks as they choose to relocate to the newly-opened Kambioos settlement, at the Dadaab refugee camp in Kenya on Aug. 29. The U.N. High Commission for Refugees regularly logs more than 1,000 new arrivals from Somalia each day as the region's famine crisis continues. (Jonathan Ernst / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  10. Men make donations to help the people of Somalia in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, on Aug. 22. A famine has swept across the Horn of Africa, leaving at least 3.7 million Somalis at risk of starvation. (Fahad Shadeed / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  11. Weak and malnourished, Hassan Ali Musa, 4, sits with his father Iisa Ali Musa at the Banadir hospital in Mogadishu, Somalia, on Aug. 20. The U.N. estimates that more than 100,000 Somalis have fled to Mogadishu from famine and drought in the countryside. (John Moore / Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  12. People cheer as cooked food is brought out at a feeding center in Mogadishu on Aug. 18. (John Moore / Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  13. A famine refugee plays with a soccer ball next to a camp for people displaced by drought and famine in Mogadishu on Aug. 18. (John Moore / Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  14. A security guard beats a woman for trying to enter a feeding center at a camp for people displaced by drought and famine in Mogadishu on Aug. 18. (John Moore / Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  15. Somalis receive medical treatment at an outpatient hospital run by the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) in Mogadishu on Aug. 17. More than 10,000 people are treated monthly at AMISOM's three hospitals in Mogadishu. Ugandan doctors there say that increasingly many of the ailments, especially among children, are related to malnutrition. (John Moore / Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  16. A security guard stands vigil outside a feeding center in Mogadishu on Aug. 16. The center, which serves cooked meals prepared using World Food Program aid, helps feed thousands of Somalis who have fled famine and drought in the countryside and have settled in makeshift camps throughout Mogadishu. (John Moore / Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  17. An internally displaced Somali woman attends to her malnourished son at the Banadir hospital in Mogadishu on Aug. 16. Somalia called for the creation of a new force to protect food aid convoys and camps in the famine-hit country. (Ismail Taxta / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  18. Relatives of Hassan Abdulkadir Adan, third from left (rear), help to lower the body of his 7-year-old son into a grave in a refugee camp in Mogadishu, on Aug. 16. (Farah Abdi Warsameh / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  19. A mother mourns the death of her son at the Banadir hospital on Aug. 16, in Mogadishu. The hospital has been overwhelmed by new patients, as sickness spreads through camps for people displaced by drought and famine. (John Moore / Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  20. A Somali boy receives a ration of cornmeal in the courtyard of a Somali non-governmental organization in Mogadishu. (Roberto Schmidt / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  21. Editor's note:
    This image contains graphic content that some viewers may find disturbing.

    Click to view the image, or use the buttons above to navigate away.

    Mulmillo closes the eyes of her two-year-old son Mahmud moments after he died from malnutrition and related complications at a local hospital in Mogadishu on Aug. 15. Mulmillo, her husband and three children fled their village in the Lower Shabelle region of southern Somalia and came to Mogadishu in search of a refuge from severe drought in the region. (Roberto Schmidt / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  22. Halima Hassan holds her severely malnourished son Abdulrahman Abshir, 7 months, at the Banadir hospital in Mogadishu on Aug. 14. (John Moore / Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  23. A group of Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) gather inside a courtyard after being designated to receive food aid from a Kuwaiti based Islamic charity in Mogadishu on Aug. 14. (Roberto Schmidt / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  24. A Somali boy sings an Irish song to his classmates during class at the Illeys primary school in Dagahaley refugee camp, north of Dadaab, Eastern Kenya, on Aug. 11. (Jerome Delay / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  25. A Somali woman stands with several cans of water, ready to be transported by camel, in the town of Dhobley on Aug. 11. (Phil Moore / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  26. Ethnic Turkana children sing and dance at Kalokutanyang Mobile School as aid workers arrive to inspect them in Kalokutanyang, Turkana, northwestern Kenya, on Aug. 9. A local official says that relief food has not reached many parts of the Turkana region where more than half the population is dependent on it, resulting in increasing child malnutrition. (Dai Kurokawa / EPA) Back to slideshow navigation
  27. A child stands in front of her home at a refugee camp in Dadaab, Kenya, on Aug. 4. (Schalk van Zuydam / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  28. A Somali father with his daughter sits at the head of a line with other refugees at a registration center on Aug. 2, at Dagahaley refugee site, after being displaced from their home in southern Somalia by famine. (Tony Karumba / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  29. Residents of Mwingi District fetch water from a muddy puddle, one of the only sources of clean water in Kenya on Aug. 2. (Ken Oloo/ / Red Cross and Red Crescent via EPA) Back to slideshow navigation
  30. A woman from southern Somalia holds her malnourished children at Banadir hospital in Mogadishu, Somalia, Tuesday, Aug. 2. (Farah Abdi Warsameh / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  31. Somali refugees sit around a makeshift grave for fellow refugee Husein Mahalin, who died at the age of 20, due to illness outside the Ifo camp, one of three that make up the sprawling refugee camp in Dadaab, northeastern Kenya, on Aug. 1. (Dai Kurokawa / EPA) Back to slideshow navigation
  32. A young Somali refugee gets vaccinated at a paediatric vaccination center at Hagadere refugee site within the Dadaab refugee complex in Kenya's northeast province on Aug. 1. (Tony Karumba / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  33. A young boy from southern Somalia takes cover under a plastic sheet in a refugee camp in Mogadishu, Somalia, Sunday, July 31. Tens of thousands of famine-stricken Somali refugees were cold and drenched after torrential rains overnight pounded their makeshift structures in the capital, Mogadishu. Rains are needed to plant crops and alleviate the drought that is causing famine in Somalia but on Saturday night the rains added to the misery of refugees who live in structures made of sticks and pieces of cloth. (Farah Abdi Warsameh / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  34. Warehouse attendants carry bags of goods donated during a drive by the Somali community living in Kenya's capital, to aid Somali refugees in Kenya's northeast province at the Dadaab refugee complex, on July 29. (Tony Karumba / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  35. A newly arrived Somali refugee is forced out of the queue outside a reception centre in the Ifo 2 refugee camp in Dadaab, near the Kenya-Somalia border, on July 28. (Thomas Mukoya / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  36. A severely malnourished Somali child receives Oral Rehydration Salts [O.R.S.] at Mogadishu's Banadir hospital, on July 28. (Mustafa Abdi / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  37. Men unload the first airlifted humanitarian food aid at the Aden Abdulle Osman International Airport in Mogadishu, Somalia, on July 27. The World Food Program airlifted 10 tons of emergency supplies to Mogadishu to feed thousands of malnourished children in drought-hit Somalia. Somalia is the country worst affected by a prolonged drought in Eastern Africa -- the region's worst in 60 years -- that has put some 12 million people in danger of starvation and spurred a global fund-raising campaign. (Feisal Omar / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  38. Children drink water from the same place as cattle at Liboi, Kenya, on July 27. UNICEF says it is trying to vaccinate more than 300,000 children in Kenya in an emergency program designed to prevent an outbreak of disease as refugees stream into northern Kenya from famine-hit Somalia. (Schalk van Zuydam / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  39. A doctor examines Mihag Gedi Farah, a seven-month-old child with a weight of 7.5lbs (3.4kg), in a field hospital of the International Rescue Committee, IRC, in the town of Dadaab, Kenya, July 26. The U.N. will airlift emergency rations this week to parts of drought-ravaged Somalia to keep hungry refugees from dying along what an official calls the "roads of death." Tens of thousands already have trekked to neighboring Kenya and Ethiopia, hoping to get aid in refugee camps. (Schalk Van Zuydam / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  40. Used food tins are stacked at a field hospital of the International Rescue Committee, IRC, in Dadaab, July 26. (Schalk Van Zuydam / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  41. A malnourished child from southern Somalia is weighed in Banadir hospital in Mogadishu, July 24. The World Food Program can't reach 2.2 million Somalis in desperate need of aid in militant-controlled areas of Somalia, meaning refugee camps in nearby Kenya and Ethiopia are likely to continue seeing thousands of new refugees each week. (Farah Abdi Warsameh / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  42. A general view of the Dadaab Refugee camp in eastern Kenya on July 23, where the influx of Somali's displaced by a ravaging famine remains high. 12 million people are struggling from the worst regional drought in decades, affecting parts of Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Djibouti and Uganda. (Tony Karumba / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  43. Somalian refugees disembark a bus in the registration area of the IFO refugee camp which makes up part of the giant Dadaab refugee settlement, July 23. The refugee camp at Dadaab, located close to the Kenyan border with Somalia, was originally designed in the early 1990s to accommodate 90,000 people but the UN estimates over 4 times as many reside there. (Oli Scarff / Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  44. An aid worker using an iPad films the rotting carcass of a cow in Wajir near the Kenya-Somalia border, July 23. Since drought gripped the Horn of Africa, and especially since famine was declared in parts of Somalia, the international aid industry has swept in and out of refugee camps and remote hamlets in branded planes and snaking lines of white 4x4s. This humanitarian, diplomatic and media circus is necessary every time people go hungry in Africa, analysts say, because governments - both African and foreign - rarely respond early enough to looming catastrophes. (Barry Malone / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  45. A dust storm blows as newly arrived Somalian refugees settle on the edge of the Dagahaley refugee camp, which makes up part of the giant Dadaab refugee settlement, July 23. (Oli Scarff / Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  46. A Somalian refugee helps to dig a latrine on the outskirts of the IFO refugee camp which makes up part of the giant Dadaab refugee settlement on July 23. (Oli Scarff / Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  47. Somalian refugees wait in the registration area of the Dagahaley refugee camp, part of the Dadaab refugee settlement on July 23. (Oli Scarff / Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  48. Somalian refugees' documents are checked at the entrance to the registration area of the IFO refugee camp, on July 23, in Dadaab, Kenya. (Oli Scarff / Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  49. A mother washes her malnourished child in the Medecins Sans Frontieres (Doctors Without Boders) hospital on July 22, in the Dagahaley refugee camp in Dadaab, Kenya. (Oli Scarff / Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  50. Drought-stricken camels drink water from a tank near Harfo, northwest of Somalia's capital Mogadishu, July 20. The United Nations declared famine in two regions of southern Somalia, and warned that this could spread further within two months in the war-ravaged Horn of Africa country unless donors step in. (Thomas Mukoya / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  51. Farhiya (centre) holds her 7-year-old sister Suladan by the hand as they follow their mother and brothers at the reception center of the Dolo Ado refugee camp near the Ethiopia-Somalia border on July 19. Refugees are being housed at the transit center while a new camp is being set up by the Ethiopian goverment and international aid organizations. Thousands of Somalis have fled in recent months to neighbouring Ethiopia and Kenya in search of food and water, with many dying along the way. (Roberto Schmidt / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  52. Somalis fleeing hunger in their drought-stricken nation walk along the main road leading from the Somalian border to the refugee camps around Dadaab, Kenya, on Wednesday, July 13. More than 11 million people in the Horn of Africa are confronting the worst drought in decades and need urgent assistance to stay alive, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said. (Rebecca Blackwell / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  53. A woman from southern Somalia struggles to build a makeshift shelter from tree branches at a new camp in Mogadishu, Somalia, on July 13. (Mohamed Sheikh Nor / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  54. Osman Ali Aliyow Mursal digs a burial plot among other graves for his four-year-old son, Aden Ibrahim, as men prepare to pray over the boy's body, wrapped in a plastic mat, on the outskirts of Ifo II Camp, outside Dadaab, Kenya, on Tuesday, July 12. Doctors were unable to save Aden, who died of diarrhea-related dehydration after four days of inpatient care. U.N. Refugee Chief Antonio Guterres said Sunday that drought-ridden Somalia is the "worst humanitarian disaster" in the world, after meeting with refugees who endured unspeakable hardship to reach the world's largest refugee camp in Dadaab, Kenya. (Rebecca Blackwell / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  55. Aden Salaad, 2, looks up at his mother as she bathes him in a tub at a Doctors Without Borders hospital, where Aden is receiving treatment for malnutrition, in Dagahaley Camp, outside Dadaab, Kenya, on Monday, July 11. (Rebecca Blackwell / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  56. Somali refugees line up for food rations at a receiving center in Dagahaley Camp, outside Dadaab, Kenya, on Saturday, July 9. (Rebecca Blackwell / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  57. A Somali child from southern Somalia holds his brother as they wait outside a ruined building before making their way to the internally displaced persons camps in Mogadishu, Somalia, on Friday, July 8. (Farah Abdi Warsameh / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  58. A malnourished child is held by her grandmother at Wajir District hospital, Wajir town, Kenya, on July 6. (Sayyid Azim / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  59. A refugee from Southern Somalia carries her baby and her belongings, as she makes her way to a camp in Mogadishu, Somalia, on Monday, July 5. (Farah Abdi Warsameh / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
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  3. Editor's note:
    This image contains graphic content that some viewers may find disturbing.

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  4. Editor's note:
    This image contains graphic content that some viewers may find disturbing.

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