Image: Robotic servicing
MD Robotics
An artist's conception shows the Hubble Space Telescope docked to a module that is equipped with a two-handed robotic arm. The module could be used to service the telescope — or guide it to its destruction.
updated 2/2/2005 8:01:58 PM ET 2005-02-03T01:01:58

Saving the Hubble Space telescope may be too expensive and dangerous, lawmakers said Wednesday after hearing from scientists who are split on the best way to repair or retire the cosmic camera.

The chairman of the House Science Committee said Congress needs to decide whether the nearly 15-year-old telescope, renowned for its inspiring snapshots, is worth the cost of repair — estimated to be as much as $2 billion.

“We have to make hard choices about whether a Hubble mission is worth it now, when moving ahead is likely to have an adverse impact on other programs, including quite possibly other programs in astronomy,” said Rep. Sherwood Boehlert, R-N.Y.

Hubble hovers about 375 miles (600 kilometers) above the Earth, circling the planet every 95 minutes, and has seen galaxies that are more than 12 billion light-years away.

Is it too risky to use shuttle?
While NASA has sent several repair missions, experts say an additional one is needed because the batteries and gyroscopes probably will fail between mid-2007 and 2010.

But with the crash of the space shuttle Columbia on Feb. 1, 2003, a manned mission to repair Hubble is not worth the risk, said Rep. Dana Rohrabacher, R-Calif.

“Some people just want to dive back in and use the shuttle as if these catastrophic accidents didn’t happen. ... To the degree that we don’t have to use the shuttle, we shouldn’t use the shuttle,” he said.

Sharp difference of opinion
Experts also are divided about the best course of action.

NASA caused an uproar among scientists last year when the agency said that the safety of astronauts should not be put at risk in order to repair Hubble. A National Academy of Sciences committee concluded in December that NASA should use astronauts, not a robot, for a repair attempt.

“The crew risk of a single shuttle mission to Hubble is very small,” the chairman of that committee, Louis Lanzerotti, a professor at the New Jersey Institute of Technology, told lawmakers Wednesday.

But Dr. Paul Cooper, an executive at the company asked by NASA to create a Hubble-repairing robot, said such a trip could be of huge scientific benefit in future repairs of U.S. satellites, particularly for the Defense Department.

The goal of any repair mission to Hubble would be to install fresh batteries, gyroscopes, fine-guidance sensors, and two powerful new cameras that could make the telescope more productive than ever.

NASA has agreed that failing all else, it will use a robotic spacecraft to steer Hubble into the ocean by 2013.

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