'The Last Word with Lawrence O'Donnell' for Tuesday, February 24th, 2015

Date: February 24, 2015
Guest: Brian Wice, Michael Snipes

LAWRENCE O`DONNELL, MSNBC HOST: Rachel, you should have seen me on my
sled on Capitol Hill when I worked in Washington. Those snow days, that
was the most fun.

RACHEL MADDOW, MSNBC HOST: Snow disks. I know, man. Take it easy.

O`DONNELL: Thanks, Rachel.

MADDOW: Thanks.

O`DONNELL: Well, Mitch McConnell has a new strategy to end the
standoff over the funding of Department of Homeland Security and, of
course, Republicans don`t like it.

And Hillary Clinton did a wide-ranging interview tonight.

Also, tonight, a Texas jury is deliberating right now. They are
deciding the fate of Eddie Ray Routh, the man who killed the real American
sniper, Chris Kyle.


REP. NANCY PELOSI (D-CA), MINORITY LEADER: It`s really sad to see the
gamesmanship, the -- I don`t know what to call it, the silliness.

thinks it`s a good idea to shut down the Department of Homeland Security.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Congress races against the clock to avoid a
partial shutdown.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The standoff that threatens to shut down
Homeland Security at the end of this week.

excuses, it sets up a simple political equation.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell offered a
vote on a funding bill without immigration measures.

SEN. HARRY REID (D-NV), MINORITY LEADER: The problem is, everybody,
I`m waiting to hear from the speaker.

SEN. DICK DURBIN (D), ILLINOIS: We need a commitment from Speaker

SEN. CHUCK SCHUMER (D), NEW YORK: Where`s the House? Where`s Speaker

REID: I`m waiting to hear from the speaker.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The jury is about to get the case in the "American
Sniper" trial.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Two weeks of testimony from three dozen witnesses
boils down to this. Was Routh insane or deliberate when he shot Chris Kyle
and Chad Littlefield at a Texas gun range two years ago?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The fiery moments just after impact sent panicked
passengers scrambling for their lives in a metro linked train coming from
Ventura County into L.A. hit the truck on the tracks.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It makes me wonder, what is the next story?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Alaska became the third state to legalize the use
of recreational marijuana.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Republican Congressman Aaron Schock is now under
fire for his office spending.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Rudy Giuliani, I don`t know if you saw this, Rudy
Giuliani published an op-ed in "The Wall Street Journal" today.

JON STEWART, THE DAILY SHOW: If you`re a New Yorker, you may remember
him as the mayor who replaced all your porn and drugs with M&M`s.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Come on, Rudy, of course, President Obama loves
America. He has to. Being president of the United States is the worst job
in the world even if you love America.

STEWART: Here`s what`s crazy.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: You get paid less than middle relief pitcher,
everyone blames you for everything and you have to live in a house with
literally no security.


O`DONNELL: The spending bill for the Department of Homeland Security
is what they call a must-pass bill in the Congress. It must pass, because
the alternative is unthinkable. The alternative is allowing the Homeland
Security Department to partially shut down, which, in the age of terror, is
unthinkable. So goes the political thinking in Washington.

Must-pass bills have always been hard to resist for mischief makers.
If one party attaches something that the other party hates to a must-pass
bill, the party that hates that thing might still have to vote for it
because it`s attached to a must-pass bill. No one can be caught voting
against a must-pass bill.

That`s always been the rule about must-pass bills, but that dynamic no
longer works in the 21st century. Democrats have been happily voting
against this must-pass bill, because it undoes President Obama`s executive
orders on immigration. Naive Senate strategists like newcomer Ted Cruz
think they can just force Democrats to vote for the bill with the provision
that Democrats Hate.

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell knows better and so he wants to
give up and clearly give up this hopeless attempt to pass the Department of
Homeland Security spending bill that guts the president`s orders on
immigration, because Mitch McConnell knows that the Democrats in the Senate
are going to continue to filibuster, and even if for some reason the
Democrats relented and let it pass, President Obama would then veto it.
So, Mitch McConnell now wants to do what any reasonable majority leader in
the Senate would do in that situation, separate the two issues, vote on a
clean spending bill from the Department of Homeland Security, and then
separately vote on a standalone bill that would kill the funding for the
president`s executive orders on immigration.


MCCONNELL: I don`t know what`s not to like about this. This is an
approach that respects both points of view and gives senators an
opportunity to go on record on both, both funding the Department of
Homeland Security and expressing their opposition to what the president did
last November.


O`DONNELL: We`re going to have to break this. We have breaking news
from Texas. We have a verdict in the trial of Eddie Ray Routh, who has
been accused of murdering -- control room, tell me who is joining us now?

We`re joined by Brian Wice from Texas.

Brian, what can you tell us?

BRIAN WICE, DEFENSE ATTORNEY: Well, I think at this point, without
knowing what the verdict is, I think the consensus would appear to be it`s
probably a one word verdict. It`s probably guilty of capital murder,
which, of course, Lawrence, you know, carries an automatic life sentence
without the possibility of parole.

If, in fact, that`s what it is, it`s not surprising considering that
juries in drunk-driving cases sometimes seem to be out longer than the jury
in this case. I think when all was said and done, this Erath County jury
determined that this wasn`t a young man caught in the grip of psychosis,
but rather a cold blooded assassination.

O`DONNELL: And, Brian, it seems that the jury deliberated probably
for about an hour and a half, possibly even less. But it is a relatively
simple fact base. There`s nothing to contend about the facts. The issue
was just -- was he legally insane or not.

WICE: And, Lawrence, you`re right. Like the prosecutor Jane Starnes
told this jury early on, this is not a whodunit, this is a why on earth did
he do it? Whether you accepted the reality put forth by the defense, every
crime is a tragedy. Every tragedy is not a crime.

This is a young man who could not understand the difference between
right and wrong, or the prosecution`s narrative which I believe this jury
is going to embrace, that this again was a cold blooded assassination, and
the fact that this young man may have had mental issues did not mean that
when he pulled the trigger, he could understand the difference between
right and wrong. And, Lawrence, we know that`s the test for sanity in the
great state of Texas.

O`DONNELL: We`re joined by Charles Hadlock, who`s NBC News producer,
he`s been covering the trial in Texas outside the courtroom in

Charles, one of the interesting things today in the closing arguments
was that the defense attorney very specifically suggested to the jury that
a hung jury is a possibility, that it is possible for them not to come to
an agreement. That`s the one thing we know hasn`t happened.

CHARLES HADLOCK, NBC NEWS PRODUCER: That`s correct. He did try to
float that possibility. Of course, he also said at the same time, there is
no reason to turn in a guilty verdict, because we know that he`s guilty.
It`s -- is it a matter of him being sane or insane at the time? And that
is the key question.

They argued nine days of testimony throughout this trial that he was
insane at the time of the trial. That he was suffering from a psychosis
that led him to kill the two men who were trying to help him.

The state says that is hogwash is what they called it today. They
said that this man had marijuana and alcohol problems, and was high at the
time of the killings. And being intoxicated at the time of a crime does
not amount to insanity. And they wanted the jury to find him guilty of
killing two men by shooting them in the back.

O`DONNELL: Charles, is there kind of a courthouse consensus on what
the expected outcome is here?

HADLOCK: Not really. If you talk to a wide range of people, some
people are on the fence saying he does seem like he has some mental
problems. Maybe he should be found insane.

But the key in this case, was he insane at the time of the crime, and
did he know at the time of the crime that his actions were wrong. That is
the key in this case. The jury will have to decide that, and they
obviously have decided something. We`ll find out here shortly.

O`DONNELL: Brian, what do you think was probably the key element here
for the prosecution in their final arguments today?

WICE: Lawrence, if I had to find the final piece of the puzzle, as in
many cases, it`s probably, in my mind, the defendant`s own words. I know
that the jury during the state`s rebuttal portion heard a phone call
between the defendant and a reporter from "The New Yorker" magazine, and in
that call, the jury could pretty much figure out that the remorse, the
regret, the guilt that Eddie Ray Routh felt in the commission of this
offense was tantamount to acknowledging what he was doing was wrong.

And that`s we see in so many cases that the six favorite words for any
prosecutor to hear: your honor, we call the defendant.

O`DONNELL: Brian, it indicates he knew what he did was wrong. But
the question is that present tense moment at the commission of the crime,
did he know it then?

WICE: As we said on the show anybody who`s ever --


WICE: -- Jack McCoy on "Law and Order", recognizes, as your viewers
do, that you can form intent to kill in an instant. If at the time he
pulled the trigger, he could understand the difference between right and
wrong, whether he was coming in and out of this psychotic state, really
doesn`t matter much. And again, it will be interesting to see what happens
when these 12 good folks from Erath County tell the world what they already
know -- Lawrence.

O`DONNELL: Charles Hadlock, what is the judge`s rules on the reading
of the verdict in the courtroom? He has allowed video but he has not
allowed audio to come out of the courtroom?

HADLOCK: He will allow audio and video to come out for the verdict.
He allowed audio and video for the opening statements. But throughout the
trial, for testimony and closing arguments, he would only allow the video
to be recorded without audio.

Now, at the end of this trial, there will be a punishment phase, if
he`s found guilty. And immediately after that, we`ll be able to play some
of the audio that happened during the trial. Those are the rules he set

And immediately after the punishment phase, they`ll go into a victim`s
impact statement. One person, a relative, has signed up to speak to the
court. We will not be able to show you that. We won`t even be allowed to
record the audio of that. We`ll only be able to hear it in the courtroom
and then the overflow room and report it only in written word -- Lawrence.

O`DONNELL: Charles, do we know which relative that is?

HADLOCK: We don`t know. It could be Taya. It could be another
relative. It could be Chris Kyle`s brother or maybe a Littlefield family
member. We just don`t know yet. They haven`t told us.

O`DONNELL: So, Charles, it`s only one relative for each of the
victims in this killing?

HADLOCK: All we`re told is that one victim -- one person was going to
come forward for the victim impact statement. That`s all we know. We
believe it`s a family member. It also has to be a family member to give an
impact statement. We just don`t know who it is yet.

O`DONNELL: We`re joined now by Michael Snipes. He`s a former Dallas
County criminal district court judge. He`s a current defense attorney.

Judge Snipes, we just heard from Charles Hadlock what will happen
after the verdict in this case. Can you give us a timetable for that?

something called a punishment phase, but that`s slightly incorrect.
There`s not going to be a punishment phase in the sense of testimony coming
in, because if there`s a verdict of guilty, then the sentence is
automatically life without parole.

The victim impact part of the case, just to clarify this for our
audience, can be as many as one or five or more victims, and all of that is
not actually on the record and it`s a very private time for the family,
which the judge has quite a deal of discretion over.

O`DONNELL: Judge Snipes, if there`s a guilty verdict here, the
sentence is automatic life without parole and no details to it at all, it`s
just that.

SNIPES: That`s exactly right. Actually, I had several of those types
of cases myself. It was all done at one time. The guilty verdict was
rendered, then I would immediately pass the sentence almost

O`DONNELL: I mean, it`s hard to see the point of any other process
when you have an automatic sentence.

And, Judge Snipes, why would an automatic sentence, would they go to
the point of including victim impact statements?

SNIPES: Well, it`s a statute in the state of Texas and it`s to allow
the family to have closure, basically. It`s something that`s done for the
victims of crime. It`s done to allow them to get over what`s happened

O`DONNELL: If there`s only one of those victim impact statements to
be made, is it conceivable that could be done tonight also?

SNIPES: Well, I was surprised that the judge allowed deliberations to
go on into the evening. Certainly that`s within his discretion. So, if he
was willing to do that, I would say that there`s a very good possibility
that the victim impact statements would be tonight.

O`DONNELL: So, Judge Snipes, you could see this entire proceeding
being wrapped up in its entirety tonight?

SNIPES: It appears to me that`s what is going to happen.


Brian Wice, the defense attorney, in a way that was quite clear today,
basically suggested to the jury very clearly that a hung jury was a
possibility here. He said you can find him guilty, you can find him not
guilty by reason of insanity, and you might also just not be able to agree.
He says, if you`re back there and eight of you are for one way and four for
the other way, the law contemplates that you try to talk it out and come to
some kind of unanimous agreement.

But sometimes, you can`t. That`s just all there is to it. You can`t
get to a unanimous verdict and that`s okay, too. That happens in criminal

That`s about as plain a request for a hung jury as I`ve heard.

WICE: It`s standard fair in the criminal defense attorney playbook.
And what prosecutors try to do when a defense attorney advances that
argument is to tell the jury, folks, they want you to get a divorce and
y`all aren`t even on the honeymoon yet.

I mean, it`s something that makes sense as a defense attorney because
sometimes, that`s the best that you can ultimately hope for. But again,
given the way the system shaped out in this case, given the fact that the
state had the last word, which Judge Snipes will tell you is a very
powerful element in the criminal justice system, I don`t think we`re going
to necessarily be surprised if this jury comes back with a verdict of

O`DONNELL: Charles Hadlock, in the final statements, it did come down
to an argument among doctors, an argument about the psychiatric opinions of
the defendant. Was there any hint that some aspects of this were landing
stronger than others?

HADLOCK: No, it was really a battle between the psychiatrists, one
psychiatrist for the prosecution said he was not a psychotic killer, that
he was basically high at the time of the killings. And the psychiatrist
for the defendant said that he had a psychosis problem, that every time he
had been in the hospital he had been diagnosed with schizophrenia or

Now, I can tell you why we`re perhaps going on late tonight with this
verdict. The judge wanted this case pushed through tonight, because a
winter storm is on the way. Now the judge is coming into the chambers.
Let`s listen.

JUDGE: All right. I`ve been advised that the jury has reached a
verdict. Let the record reflect that the jury is not in the courtroom at
this time, state counsel is present, as well as defense counsel and the
defendant. Let`s bring the jury in.

O`DONNELL: We are waiting for the jury to enter the courtroom in
Stephenville, Texas. They have reached a verdict in the murder trial of
Eddie Ray Routh.

JUDGE: All right. Let the record reflect the jury has returned to
the courtroom at this time.

Ms. Stafford, you`re the foreperson of the jury?

FOREPERSON: Yes, Your Honor.

JUDGE: I`ve been advised a verdict has been reached in this matter.
Is this correct?

FOREPERSON: Yes, Your Honor.

JUDGE: If you`ll hand the verdict form to the bailiff.

Mr. Routh, if you`ll please stand.

FOREPERSON: All right. We the jury find the defendant Eddie Ray
Routh guilty of the felony offense of capital murder as charged in the
indictment. That verdict is signed by Ms. Stafford as foreperson of the
jury. You may be seated at this time.

Do you wish to have the jury polled?


JUDGE: What I will do at this point is individually start at the
first seat first juror and ask you the same question of each juror. Is
this a unanimous verdict of the jury? Say loud.

JUROR 1: Yes.

JUDGE: Jury number two, is this a unanimous verdict?

JUROR 2: Yes.

JUDGE: Juror number three, is this a unanimous verdict?

JUROR 3: Yes.

JUDGE: Juror number four?

JUROR 4: Yes, sir.

JUDGE: Juror number five?

JUROR 5: Yes, sir.

JUDGE: Juror number six?

JUROR 6: Yes, Your Honor.

JUDGE: Juror number seven?

JUROR 7: Yes, sir.

JUDGE: Juror number eight?

JUROR 8: Yes.

JUDGE: Juror number nine?

JUROR 9: Yes, sir.

JUDGE: Juror number 10?

JUROR 10: Yes.

JUDGE: Juror number 11?

JUROR 11: Yes, sir.

JUDGE: Juror number 12?

JUROR 12: Yes, Your Honor.

JUDGE: All right, this completes your service as jurors in this
matter. I will receive and accept your verdict in this matter and hand it
to the clerk to have it filed for the papers this time.

All right, Mr. Routh, if you would please stand again. Having
received and accepted the jury`s verdict in this matter, my statute, I will
now impose sentencing in this matter, confinement for life in the Texas
Criminal Justice Department without the possibility of parole. That`s the
verdict of this court, and I will enter judgment accordingly. You may be
seated at this time again.

I will continue, Mr. St. John as your attorney in regard to your
rights to appeal, and that is a direct appeal to the Eastland Court of
Appeals which is the home of the 11th Court of Appeals, which is the court
for this jurisdiction, and also, your rights with regards to filing a
petition for discretionary review with the Court of Criminal Appeals in

I will remand your custody to the sheriff of Erath County to carry out
the imposition of the judgment of this court and the jury`s verdict in this
matter. Do you have a legal reason at this time why it should not be


JUDGE: Finding nothing, I will enter judgment and remand your custody
to the sheriff in Erath County to carry out the imposition of this sentence
and judgment of this court in accordance with the rules and regulations of
the Texas Department of Criminal Justice.

Now then, turning back to the jury. Certainly appreciate your effort
in this matter. I have constantly talked to you about the rules of what
you can and can`t do. From this point forward, I have no other control
over you. I am discharging you from those rules and obligations.

I want to talk to you briefly about that. You`re free to discuss this
case with anyone at this point or to not discuss the case. That`s
certainly up to you.

I want to issue a statement to you and that is the lawyers in this
matter are professionals and they`re not going to bother you about your
verdict, I can assure you of that. Should anybody else attempt to bother
you about your verdict, make it known to any of these officers of this
court and we`ll get it stopped, quick, fast, and in a hurry.

I have been asked by the media, just as this has been a high profile
matter, that they want to talk to you about your service as a juror.
That`s a decision that`s wholly up to you at this point.

I will issue a word of caution in this regard. You can talk to me if
you want or you don`t have to. Remember, what you say will be looked at
from time now on. Once it`s recorded, there`s no take-backs. So be
careful, be judicious about what you`re going to say if you decide to make
those interviews.

I have the transport available to take you back --

O`DONNELL: We have lost transmission from the courtroom where Eddie
Ray Routh was just sentenced to life in prison without parole. The judge
is about to discharge the jury. He has given them some instructions and
warnings about talking to the media and talking publicly about this case
after they are discharged.

We are joined now by Charles Hadlock, who is outside the courtroom

Charles, do we know if we`re going to get that transmission back from
the courtroom?

HADLOCK: We`re probably not. That was the judge`s order that after
punishment, the feed would be pulled. He will instruct the jury that they
can or can`t talk to the media as they leave. And then, they will begin
that victim impact statement that will not be recorded at all. But the
people in the courtroom will be able to hear from the victim.

O`DONNELL: And Michael Snipes is also still with us, former Texas

So, Judge Snipes, it seems to be occurring exactly as you predicted,
an immediate imposition of sentence since it`s an automatic sentence. Now,
it seems there will be that relatively private victim impact statement in
the courtroom.

SNIPES: That`s absolutely customary. In fact, as I listened to the
judge, it brought back memories of the kind of instructions that he gave to
the jury and the way that he pronounced sentence in the case. It was
nothing that I did not expect once the verdict came in.

O`DONNELL: And how long do you anticipate the victim impact statement
taking in that courtroom?

SNIPES: Well, that`s entirely up to the judge pretty much, but
typically they take anywhere from 15 minutes to an hour or so. I wouldn`t
think it would take all that long in this case. Everybody knows what the
victim`s sentiments are in the case. And this is, again, as I said before,
just their way to try to clear their souls and move forward with their

O`DONNELL: And, Judge Snipes, at the conclusion of that victim impact
statement, is that it? Is that the moment where the judge gavels this try
to a close?

SNIPES: That is it. Of course, then we go into appellate matters,
possible motion for a new trial, and who knows how long all that will take?

O`DONNELL: Let`s listen to what was the -- we are now authorized to
use video and sound from the trial, and I want to listen to what the
prosecutor said today, what was the winning argument in this case today,
saying that the bottom line was that the defendant knew what he did was
wrong. Let`s listen to that.


JANE STARNES, PROSECUTOR: The bottom line was the defendant knew what
he did was wrong, according to Dr. Price. And then he`s setting up his
defense, like he`s done many times before, he commits the crime, he does a
violent act, he gets wiped out of his gourd and goes to the mental
hospital. That`s what he wanted to see happen again, the night of February
2nd. He was setting up his defense.

And then he comes up with this preposterous hybrid pig man story that
he tried to sell to Dr. Dunn, apparently did sell to Dr. Dunn because he
fell for it hook, line, and sinker. And you reasonable people of Erath
County know that that story about the hybrid pig man and the pig assassin
is a load of hogwash.


O`DONNELL: So, Brian Wice, there`s a prosecutor telling that jury
there perfectly empowered to overrule a psychiatrist in this case.

WICE: And again, this jury is instructed at the beginning of the
trial that they are not supposed to leave their common sense in the
courthouse hallway. I think the prosecutor Jane Starnes did an outstanding
job in that byte we just heard, saying it`s not about the experts, it`s not
about anything but your own collective wisdom and good sense.

And I really do believe that what happened in this case was not
unexpected. Listen, Lawrence, it`s one of the dirty little secrets of the
criminal justice system that not all victims are created equal. While
there was some outcry in the wake of the release of the movie "American
Sniper," the people on this jury, I`m fairly confident, don`t follow
Michael Moore and Seth Rogan on Twitter.

O`DONNELL: We`re joined by former Congressman Patrick Murphy. He`s
an attorney, also a veteran of the Iraq war.

Patrick, you`re one of the first people we talked to about this trial
and the issue PTSD might play in this trial. What is your reaction to this
verdict tonight?

PATRICK MURPHY, FORMER U.S. CONGRESSMAN: Lawrence, it`s a sad day. I
mean, you have a marine, two marines who were killed. You have another
marine now who is going to spend the rest of his life in prison.

I`m glad that justice was served, but it breaks my heart to see what
happens. It`s a tragedy, and to know that there`s hundreds of thousands of
veterans from the Iraq and Afghanistan war that have PTSD. To know there`s
22 veterans that commit suicide every day. To know every night, there`s
29,000 veterans who are homeless across America.

So, you know, I`m glad justice was served and he`s held accountable.
But it breaks my heart when you see so many tragedies going on every day in

O`DONNELL: Patrick, what was your reaction to the prosecution`s
argument that PTSD had nothing to do with this, and mental illness had
nothing to do with this?

MURPHY: You know, I -- listen, I personally disagree. It was clear
Mr. Routh had some serious issues, documented issues, time and time again
in the V.A.

But, at the end of the day, Lawrence, as I said during his trial, I
mean, --


-- we all know that Eddie was going to jail for -- he was going away
for the rest of his life, whether it`s to a mental institution or a jail,
he`s going to jail.

I think it clearly played a role, there`s no doubt, he was disturbed.
Chris Kyle`s own text message the day of his death was that this guy was
crazy, and was probably saying, you know, "Watch my six," in the car.


O`DONNELL: Let`s listen to what the defense attorney said today about
schizophrenia and about the diagnosis, and about what he called, basically,
the prosecution and defense testimony of doctor against doctor.


Dr. Dunn, who works with schizophrenics every single day of the week. And
he has for 20 years.

They brought you Dr. Price, who`s a nice man, who`s a smart man and a
good psychologist, but he doesn`t deal with schizophrenia. And he has only
diagnosed this 10-week induced psychosis one time in 30 years.

And they brought you Dr. Alan Bullough (ph), who`s President of the
Medical Association of Texas. It sounds like it but what he does most of
the time is not dealing with patients like Dr. Dunn does every single day.

And Dr. Dunn told you Eddie is suffering from schizophrenia.


O`DONNELL: Brian Weiss, with your experience in Texas courtrooms,
what do you -- how do you score the argument between the attorneys about
the psychiatrists.

BRIAN WEISS, TEXAS APPELLATE LAWYER: Well, I mean, make no mistake,
Tim Moore and Warren St. John did an outstanding job of defending their
client. They did everything that I would have expected a reasonably
competent criminal defense attorney in Texas to do, Lawrence.


They had laid testimony. They had their expert testimony. And they
attempted to craft a narrative that they truly believed, that this Erath
County jury would embrace.

And the fact they weren`t successful in doing it doesn`t mean that
they are grade off for any substantial reason.

This was a tough case involving an American hero, in a small town
where the perception was that Chris Kyle was the kind of man that we want
our sons to grow up to be.


In a case like this, I think that Patrick Murphy is absolutely
correct, that there are no winners. It is a sad day, but we have to
believe that --


-- these 12 good folks from the Erath County did what they thought the
law and the facts ultimately required, Lawrence.

O`DONNELL: Patrick Murphy, I want to go back to the issue --


-- of PTSD, which has been around this trial. It`s been introduced,
to some extent, in the evidence in the trial.

And, certainly, the diagnosis of schizophrenia was introduced by the
defense early in the trial. What do you think -- what do you think this
trial does to the discussion of PTSD National.

MURPHY: Lawrence, I think this trial will bring the light, and show
light, that there are a lot of veterans out there who are suffering as they
come back from war.

And when we send our young men and women into harm`s way, it better be
damn right for the right reasons. Just like, I would say, the movie,
"American Sniper," showed how Chris Kyle went and served four deployments,
came back, and had some issues.

You know, it was not easy for him when he came home.


And it`s not easy for most veterans when they come home. And,
Lawrence, I say that, you know, I`m a champion for my fellow veterans.

And, you know, veterans are leaders, they`re civic assets. And
majority of them are doing great. But when you have hundreds of thousands
of them coming --


-- back from the longest war in American history, the Iraq and
Afghanistan wars, and, you know, 20 percent of them, you know, are
suffering from post traumatic stress disorder, --


-- that`s a problem. And that`s not a problem just for the government
to solve. It`s a problem for all of us as Americans.

You know, we`re the ones -- our political leaders are the ones who
sent them into harm`s way. It`s all of our responsibility to be embrace
them when they come home and let them know that we`re there for them and
we`ll be there for their reintegration.

O`DONNELL: Brian Weiss, what do you say -- to you, as a defense
attorney, about the state of insanity defenses in Texas, and then also the
issue of bringing PTSD into trials like this.

WEISS: Well, I think, Lawrence, in the wake of the now famous John
Hinckley acquittal, 25, 30 years ago, really, those chickens are still
coming home to roost in courtrooms, certainly all across America, certainly
all across the great state of Texas.

It is exceedingly difficult in the wake of what happened in Hinckley
for any criminal defense attorney to successfully advance an insanity

We have a narrow statute. The test is difficult. And when we look
back over the last decade or so here in Texas, the only real high profile
case that comes to mind, where an acquittal ultimately carried the day, was
not the first but the second trial on the Andrea Yates case, not far from
where we are tonight, here in Houston.

PTSD is, again, as Patrick Murphy so eloquently pointed out, is a
scourge that afflicts, again, the men and women who are the real-life
heroes in this country, who we do send into harm`s way.

And it`s a tragedy that PTSD, at least, in the context of this case or
any other case, might not be the avenue through which someone who is
gripped in that psychosis that precludes him from distinguishing between
right and wrong, will ultimately mean that they`re acquitted.

But, again, the fact that this jury, on these facts and the law that
they were given by the judge, ultimately reached the decision that they
believed was the right thing to do.

O`DONNELL: I want to go back to Charles Hadlock outside the
courtroom, if we still have him there. Charles, --


-- what can we expect to happen next. We have camera set-ups there,
microphones, attorneys, probably.



-- microphones set up here. We`re waiting for someone to come out.
We were told by the court public information officer that someone would
speak after the trial.

We were also told it would not be a member of the prosecution. In
fact, I asked the district attorney during the break if he would come out
and speak. He said, he would not at this time.

So, we`re not sure exactly who will come to the microphones tonight.
We`re still waiting to see and hear who that will be, Lawrence.

O`DONNELL: I want to go back to Judge Snipes for one of the original
-- the first questions raised in this trial, which was a petition by the
defense for a change of venue. That was denied.

The argument was that this is -- this community is too charged an area
in which to have this trial. What did you -- what did you make of the
judge`s ruling in that. And what are the elements that a judge in Texas is
faced with in making a decision about change of venue.

decide not whether or not there`s publicity in the case, and not whether or
not the jury heard or knew being the publicity, including the movie.

It`s whether or not the jury can put that out of their mind and render
a fair and partial verdict in the case. From what I saw in the case, the
judge did a masterful job in making his decisions on that.

Whether he was correct or not will be up to the appellate courts.
But, certainly, I saw no reason to criticize him whatsoever.

O`DONNELL: And, Brian Weiss, when a judge is considering change of
venue in Texas, is it also a factor that, in a situation like this, there
probably isn`t any community in Texas that is any less saturated with
publicity about this trial.

WEISS: That`s a great point, Lawrence. Where are we going to try
this. So, are we going to try in West Hartford, Connecticut.

I mean, at the end of the day, Judge Snipes is absolutely right. It`s
not a question of whether there`s been a firestorm of publicity, or whether
a juror has seen the movie or read papers or magazine articles.

It`s whether or not they can take their oath as a juror and swear that
they will decide this case, and a true verdict render on the law and the

And we have seen, time and again, in this county, Houston Harris
County Texas, some of the most highly-publicized cases that your viewers
are privy to.

And they stay in town because, thankfully, we have jurors who are able
to say that, "What I`ve seen, what I`ve heard, and what I`ve heard will not
impact my ability to be a fair and impartial jury."

And I think that the odds of the Eastland Court of Appeals -- well,
for that matter, the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals in Austin, essentially
overturning this verdict because of the venue issue is really, --


-- really far-fetched, Lawrence.

O`DONNELL: And, Michael Snipes, on a change of venue petition, a
Texas judge is not empowered to move a trial out of the state, is he.

SNIPES: No. As a matter of fact, that`s not a possibility.

O`DONNELL: And, Patrick Murphy, to go back to the veterans issues
that are raised here, it seems like the veterans community has just a mix
of torn sympathies.

And in a situation like this, impossible not to have some feelings for
Eddie Ray Routh and what he`s been through, and whatever drove to the point
where his mother was begging Chris Kyle to try to help him and take care of
him in any way that he possibly could.

And then, obviously, the -- just the horrible, horrible outcome for
Chris Kyle and Chad Littlefield, a tragedy and horrible crime committed
against them.

MURPHY: Yes, I mean, --


-- to read the transcripts, Lawrence, about how Chris Kyle`s widow,
Taya, you know, left the courtroom today because they`re talking about --
well, if Eddie Routh`s, you know, mother when she went to Chris Kyle, would
have told Chris Kyle about how violent Eddie was in the past, you know,
that 20-20 hindsight, they`re going to be replaying this the rest of their
lives -- "If we had only done this," or "We have done that."

The bottom line is, you know, you have two great American veterans,
you know, who are up in heaven right now. And you have another Marine who
killed them, who is just convicted and who will spend the rest of his life
in jail.

And that`s three lives and three families that will never get back
that person that they give the U.S. Military several years ago. And all
three, which are combat veterans.

O`DONNELL: And Brian Weiss, what would the -- what would the two
different outcomes that were possible in -- tonight. I mean, what is the -


-- difference between being institutionalized for criminal mental
illness in Texas versus life in prison, assuming he never would have been
released as a mental patient.

Because that is the huge difference, is that it does leave open, at
least, at minimum, the technical --


-- possibility that he could, at some point, have been released from

WEISS: Sure, Lawrence. I think that once, unfortunately and
tragically, Eddie Ray Routh pulled the trigger two years ago, it was clear
that he was never going to see the free world, as you and I know it.

Whether it was life without parole in the Institutional Division of
the Texas Department of Criminal Justice, or whether it`s a lockdown 24/7,
stringent mental health facility, at the end of the day, this man`s life
was over as he knew it, as soon as he ended the lives of these two great
American heroes, Lawrence.

O`DONNELL: And Judge Snipes, what`s the difference in those
facilities, how grim or how positive an atmosphere would the mental
institution be.

I think we don`t have Michael Snipes anymore. We lost our connection.
Brian Weiss, can you deal with that. Do we know much about the difference
between the Texas mental health facility that the finding criminal insanity
would have led him to, the difference between the life lived there and the
life lived in prison.

WEISS: Not a tremendous amount of difference. I mean, obviously, in
the confines of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice, you`ve got guards
with guns and 24-hour lockdown.

It`s not all that much different in the type of mental facility that
Eddie Ray Routh would have been confined to.

And while Judge Jason Cashon retains jurisdiction, or would have
retained jurisdiction, over this case and, conceivably, could have had the
ability to modify or ultimately even release this defendant, if he believed
that Eddie Ray Routh was no longer a danger to himself and to others, well,
obviously, Lawrence, that was never going to be an issue.

O`DONNELL: We are awaiting a statement possibly from one of the
relatives of Chad Littlefield. We have microphones and cameras set up
there, as you can see, just outside the courtoom.

Charles Hadlock, if you`re still with us outside the courtroom, is
there any more word on who might be appearing in front of those

HADLOCK: Not yet, Lawrence. But we`ll say that, at the opening of
the closing statements by the prosecution, they had a very poignant moment.

They said that this should not be called the "American Sniper" trial
because two people died that day, Chris Kyle and his bestfriend, Chad

They were just trying to help Eddie Ray Routh. They were taking him
out to the Rough Creek Lodge, a very upscale shooting range here.

And that they were trying to help him. And in that long ride, about a
90-minute ride out there, the two men texted each other that this guy is
straight-up nuts.

And Chad Littlefield responded, "Watch my six. He`s right behind me."
But the prosecution said in the closing arguments, "We really don`t know
what the two men really thought of Eddie Ray Routh."

But when they got to the lodge, they unloaded their truck that was
full of guns. They loaded a dozen or so guns out on a table.

If they really thought he was that dangerous, they probably wouldn`t
have done that. They thought they were trying to help him.

And, instead, Eddie Ray Routh shot them in the back -- one, two,
three, four, five, six times, each man. Each man had a service revolver in
their holster.

They never had a chance to pull it out because Eddie Ray Routh
surprised them, the prosecutor said, by shooting them in the back.

And he asked the jury to find them guilty. They killed two men in
this county. "Find them guilty," those were the last words the prosecutor
said to the jury. And less than two hours later, --

O`DONNELL: Charles, we seem to have Chad Littlefield`s mother now,
possibly approaching the microphones outside the courtroom. She is now
approaching those microphones.


just want to say that we`ve waited two years for God to get justice for us
on behalf of our son.

And, as always, God has proved to be faithful. And we`re so thrilled
that we have the verdict that we have tonight.

And thank you, guys, for being so compassionate. And treating us with
respect and honoring us. Thank you very much.





O`DONNELL: That was Judy Littlefield, the mother of Chad Littlefield,
the second man who was killed. Judged by this jury, in fact, two have been
murdered, criminally murdered by Eddie Ray Routh at that shooting range in
Texas two years ago.

Judge Michael Snipes, I think you are back with us now with the audio.
The situation that the judge is facing --


-- on the issue of sentencing here, it`s automatic. Obviously, when
this comes back, you`ve told us about that, that it`s automatic life

But we were discussing the difference, the actual life -- day-to-day
life difference between that and the opposite verdict, which would have
sent Eddie Ray Routh into a confined mental institution.

What is your understanding of the day-to-day life difference in those
two facilities.

SNIPES: Well, contrary to what one of the analysts said moments ago,
it`s a significant difference. The mental institutions are about
rehabilitating the individual that`s assigned there.

It`s not about punishment. It`s about trying to make them better.
And, ultimately, of course, there`s always the possibility that they could
be found to be sane later.

And then, a judge can decide to allow them to go back into society.
In addition to that, there`s no sort of barbed razor wires, --


-- there`s no prison guards. It`s very different. I`m not saying
it`s a walk in the park. But it`s certainly not a lockdown facility like
you might have down at the Texas Department of Corrections in Huntsville.

O`DONNELL: I want to go to more of what the prosecutor had to say
today --


-- in the argument that carried the day with the jury. Prosecutor
argued that Eddie Ray Routh was not criminally insane at the time of those
murder, that the argument was that he was high, he was on drugs.

Let`s listen to this part --


drank some vodka from the freezer, drank whiskey when his Uncle James came
over, smoked some left-over marijuana. And then we know he smoked some
more with his uncle.

The guy is intoxicated. And remember, we`re talking About 3:00 to
4:00 in the afternoon, after all of this going on in the morning, drinking
and smoking.

You don`t have to still be high at 11:00 o`clock at night. We`re
talking about is he under the influence of some substance, 3:00 to 4:00 in
the afternoon when he kills these men.


O`DONNELL: Charles Hadlock, that gave the jury an alternative to the
insanity defense, that as much as anything else, this was someone who has
mixed up on all kinds of drugs and alcohol.

HADLOCK: That`s correct. And that was their position from the

The state said that this man may have had emotional problems. He may
have had a personality disorder but he was not insane at the time of the


They claimed that he was high on drugs and alcohol, that he had a
problem with drugs and alcohol since he was a teenager. They continued
until the morning that Chris Kyle came to pick him up to take him to the
shooting range.

O`DONNELL: And I`d like to hear more from the prosecutors since, now,
there`s videos just now becoming available to us. The judge did not allow
us to use any of the video and audio during the trial.

And so, it`s now available. I want to get what the prosecutor said
today about the -- I`m sorry, what we now have -- actually, we now have the
right to use video from much earlier in the trial.

And I want to get to a spot where Eddie Ray Routh`s mother talked
about asking for help.


Military. And these men were approached by his mother, "Would you spend
time with him. Would you befriend him."


O`DONNELL: That was obviously the attorney describing the mother`s
approach to this. And, Brian Weiss, the --


-- defense obviously had very little to work with here. It was going
to turn on entirely whether or not this jury accepted the psychiatrist`s
testimony because it seems the -- any sympathetic cords that could be
struck by family testimony by Eddie Ray Routh`s mom were going to be more
than overwhelmed by the emotional testimony coming from Chris Kyle`s widow
and others.

WEISS: Yes. And not just that, Lawrence. Obviously, --


-- this story recognizes that all of our relatives, our moms, our
dads, our brothers and sisters, would want to do what they could to help us
if, God forbid, found ourselves sitting at the defense table.

And, yes, I think you`re correct. This was a question of what expert
this jury ultimately more credible.

And in a situation like this, where the state has the opportunity for
rebuttal and, particularly, with that powerful, compelling and ultimately
inculpatory evidence during the taped phone calls, it`s something that this
jury embraced.

Because, in their mind`s eye it`s what the law and the facts
ultimately require.

O`DONNELL: I want to go to another early decision that the judge --


-- made in this trial, and that was to not sequester the jury. The
jury was allowed to come and go every day. They were exposed to all of the
news media, instructed to not pay attention to it.

But, Michael Snipes, the instruction to not pay any attention to it is
very different from sequestering. And judges around the country, at
different times, decide it`s just an inhuman kind of pressure on --


-- jurors if we allow them to be out there in the world, surrounded by
all this media. What`s your reaction to the judge`s decision not to
sequester this jury.

SNIPES: Well, it`s also kind of an inhuman pressure to sequester them
every night and take them away from life as they know it. My practice was
this -- once the --


-- jury goes out for the verdict, a death penalty case or capital
murder case, I sequester them then. But not during the actual trial

O`DONNELL: I want to go back to Charles Hadlock outside the courtroom
there. Charles, what do we know about the --


-- victim impact statement, which was the final procedure that was
closed to us in that courtroom tonight.

HADLOCK: I`m just getting a note here from the reporters in the
courtroom, listening to the impact statement. It is from Jerry Richardson,
Chad Littlefield`s stepbrother.

He says, in part, speaking directly to Eddie Ray Routh, "You took the
lives of two heroes, men that tried to be a friend to you. And you became
an American disgrace."

"Your inhumanity and disregard for life will put you in a world you
will never escape. Your childish actions have brought humiliation to your
family, who will forever have to carry the scar you have become, --


-- a murderer." Those are the words of Jerry Richardson, Chad
Littlefield`s stepbrother. Of course, Chad Littlefield was with Chris Kyle
when they were both gunned down on the shooting range, not far from here in
Stephenville, Texas just over two years ago.

O`DONNELL: Charles, is it your impression that given that Chris
Kyle`s widow had testified in the case, and some other family members, that
the victim impact statement was --


-- then left to someone who had not testified in the case for that

HADLOCK: I`m not sure about that. I think the other guests here have
said pointedly that the victim impact statement here in Texas is basically
a chance to give the victims a chance to speak directly to the defendant
and tell them what has gone on in their lives in the last two years.

I think that`s what it is, just a bit of closure for people here. It
really has no impact on the judge`s decision on punishment.

That was mandated by law in this case. But, in Texas, victims can
speak, sometimes at the judge`s discretion, directly to --


-- the defendant to let them know exactly what they`ve done to their
family. And that`s what Jerry Richardson did tonight.

O`DONNELL: And, Brian Weiss, that must be a difficult decision for
family members and loved ones to make in a situation like this, that
decision of, --


-- should one of us speak directly to this person, directly to the
person who murdered our husband, our brother, whoever it is we`re talking
about. And I can imagine many people deciding, "I don`t want to be the
person who does that."

WEISS: It`s not an easy thing to do. And I have seen so many victim
impact statements, Lawrence, over the course of the two decades since the
victims acquired the right to make victim impact statements.

And, in fact, it was never a God-given right here in Texas until a
couple of decades ago when family members, in a horribly tragic, brutal
double capital murder right here in Houston, went to the legislature and
lobbied for the right to be able to look the defendant in the eyes and tell
him or her exactly how they feel.

And, again, having seen far too many of these than I can imagine, it
tears your inside. And of all the things that we could think of what we
have to do in life, I would suggest that making a victim impact statement
is probably one of the most difficult, Lawrence.

O`DONNELL: Yes, it`s incredibly difficult. I don`t think I`d be
capable of doing it.

But, Judge Snipes, I have to believe it`s one of the more important
advances that has occurred in the criminal justice system, this ability to
allow the victims to actually give voice directly to a convicted defendant
about what this has meant to them and what they are suffering.

SNIPES: I would totally agree to that. And to clarify a point, it is
a right of the victims by statute.

So, the judge has the discretion to possibly limit the scope of the
victim --


-- impact statements. But as to whether or not they want to give them
or not, that is an absolute statutory right.

O`DONNELL: Yes. And it takes us, you know, a certain kind of
strength and poise to be able to do it. I imagine, Judge Snipes, there may
have been some instances over the years that you`ve witnessed where things
might have gotten a little bit emotionally out of control in victim impact

SNIPES: And what you do, as a judge, you very -- you try to be very
kind about it, very polite about it. But suggest to the victim that they
might have said enough.

O`DONNELL: Uh-hmm. Brian Weiss, what does the defense bar in Texas
take from the experience of this --


-- trial. What does it -- what does it tell defense lawyers in Texas,
if anything, that they didn`t already know about insanity defenses.

WEISS: How very difficult it is to successfully mount one, Lawrence.
But I also think it reaffirms --


-- the fact that I`m a little prejudiced. I think we have the best
criminal defense bar in America, right here in this state. And as analyst
for so many networks, including the original "Court TV," I`ve seen lawyers
from all over America.

You know, my position is that we have the finest criminal defense bar
and some of the finest prosecutors that I`ve ever seen. And I think what
it reaffirms is that these men, Tim Moore and Warren St. John, did what all
of us who have that law license on our wall are supposed to do.

You bring your a-game, you zealously represent your client within the


And when it`s over, you can look at yourself in the mirror and know
that you did the absolute best that you possibly could.

O`DONNELL: Judge Snipes, before we go, I just want to review whether
there`s anything that suggests a possible hook for an avenue for appeal of
any kind to you in this case.

SNIPES: Well, you`d have to review the record of trial. But from
what I`ve seen in media reports and, of course, I wasn`t in the courtroom
or anything, I don`t see anything that would be reversible error in the

But that`s for people in higher courts with bigger robes than me and
smarter than me are going to have to decide.

O`DONNELL: And Brian, same to you -- and it`s true that unless you`re
in the courtroom for every minute, this is -- you can`t give a really
authoritative answer about this. But, certainly, the question, if anything
jumped out at any point in these proceedings.

WEISS: No, because Jason Cashon did what we really want trial judges
to do. And that`s call balls and strikes, not squeeze the strike zone on
either side and ultimately not care who wins or loses.

And as an appellate lawyer in this state for the last 30 plus years, I
can tell you that the reversal rate and in non-death penalty cases is right
around four percent.

And the Eastland Court of Appeals that I`ve had the privilege of
arguing in front, will give this --


-- appeal the consideration that it will deserve, as will the Texas
Court of Criminal Appeals. But when all is said and done, when this
appellate process is concluded, I`m confident that the verdict that was
accepted by Judge Cashon tonight will ultimately remain undisturbed on
appeal, Lawrence.

O`DONNELL: I want to thank everyone for joining with this tonight.
Charles Hadlock, Brian Weiss, Michael Snipes, Patrick Murphy, thank you

Our coverage of the verdict in this trial in Texas continues right
here on MSNBC.


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