Afghanistan on Friday banned the use of a fertilizer chemical also used to make bombs, giving farmers and other holders a month to turn in their supplies.
President Hamid Karzai's office issued a decree banning the use, production, storage, purchase or sale of ammonium nitrate. The decision was made after an investigation showed militants had used the chemical in a series of bombings, according to a statement.
Violators who fail to turn in supplies will face court action, it said.
Fertilizer explosives were used in attacks that include the 2002 nightclub bombings in Bali, which killed 202 people, and the 1995 attack on a federal building in Oklahoma City with a 2-ton bomb that killed 168.
NATO-led forces already have been confiscating the chemical compound, urging Afghan farmers to use fertilizer containing urea nitrate instead. Ammonium nitrate fertilizer has been used to make about 95 percent of the bombs in Afghanistan, according to security think tank Globalsecurity.org.
The government also ordered training for police and border customs house workers to detect the chemical.
Afghanistan's government gave U.S. and allied forces permission to confiscate ammonium nitrate in September, and troops have been seizing huge quantities of fertilizer in return for compensation.
A joint force of NATO and Afghan troops found a truck carrying 10 tons of suspect fertilizer in the southern province of Kandahar earlier this month.
Hundreds of demonstrators, meanwhile, blocked traffic on a major highway south of Kabul and chanted angry slogans against the United States and the Afghan government in a second day of protests against the killing of four people by NATO forces in volatile Ghazni province.
NATO said Wednesday's raid in the Qara Bagh district targeted a Taliban commander and the four killed were suspected insurgents, including a 15-year-old boy shot while allegedly reaching for a soldier's gun. But villagers insisted the dead were civilians.
"These people, these foreigners who attacked this house, showed how wild and cruel they are," said protester Hashim Nasiri.
Stepping up operations
Provincial police chief Khial Baz Shirzai also said the four killed in Wednesday's raid were militants and said the protests were organized by the Taliban to foment unrest.
The conflicting claims reflect growing impatience among Afghans over the presence of NATO-led forces, even though a recent U.N. report showed the number of civilian deaths attributed to allied troops had dropped sharply over the past year. The report blamed most civilian casualties on Taliban suicide bombings and other attacks.
International and Afghan security forces have stepped up operations as the U.S. and its allies begin sending 37,000 reinforcements to try to rout the Taliban. A U.S. group that monitors Islamic extremist Web sites said Friday that an extremist organization has reported that 15 of its members were killed in a U.S. missile strike in Afghanistan.
The SITE Intelligence Group said the report was posted Friday on a Web site by the Turkistan Islamic Party. SITE quotes the group as saying 13 Uighurs and two Turks were killed Tuesday by a missile fired by a U.S. unmanned aircraft in Afghanistan but did not say where. Pakistani officials reported two missile attacks along the border Tuesday.
Militants also have increased their campaign with a series of attacks, including an assault on the Afghan capital on Monday.