Guests: Richard Wagenaar, Stephen Perry, Dave Cohen, Michael Olivier, Jim Bernazzani, Aaron Broussard
CHRIS MATTHEWS, HOST: Fear and loathing in a flooded city. Who should we trust in this latest battle of New Orleans?
Let‘s play HARDBALL.
Good evening. I‘m Chris Matthews. The battle over New Orleans continues today. After initially allowing residents to return to New Orleans, Mayor Ray Nagin suspended the reopening of the city. The mayor wanted some of the residents to return, but the head of the federal government‘s response team, Thad Allen, said it is too early.
And, today, President Bush himself weighed in.
GEORGE W. BUSH, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: We want the city to reemerge. I mean, as I said, I can‘t imagine an America without a vibrant New Orleans. It is just a matter of timing. And there‘s issues to be dealt with.
You know, if it were to rain a lot, there is concern from the Corps of
Army Corps of Engineers that the levees might break. And so, therefore, we are cautious about encouraging people to return at this moment of history.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
MATTHEWS: So, is it safe to come back to New Orleans?
New Orleans still lacks drinkable water. And food and bottled water is scares. The environment is toxic, with the soil and remaining floodwater contaminated. Hospitals are closed. And the 911 emergency system is still not in place. And a weakened levee system, obviously, could be tested by Tropical Storm Rita, which is headed to Florida today and could turn towards New Orleans later this week, by Thursday.
We start with HARDBALL‘s David Shuster.
David, it is a tough fight here. And it looks like the mayor of New Orleans has dodged it.
DAVID SHUSTER, NBC CORRESPONDENT: Yes, he has, Chris.
And, in fact, this morning, the New Orleans neighborhood of Algiers, which is across the Mississippi from downtown, the mayor had actually encouraged people in Algiers to go ahead and return. And they were doing that. But today, even though he said he was satisfied with the levee system and the water quality, he pointed out that Hurricane Rita looks like it may be approaching the Gulf. And so, he put the rest of his plans for the city on hold and urged the residents of Algiers, who today were going back into Algiers, he urged them to start evacuating as early as Wednesday.
SHUSTER (voice-over): In recent days, the mayor had declared 180,000 residents would be allowed back over the next week-and-a-half.
But federal officials noted a host of problems, including a patchwork or lack of water, sewage and electricity services.
VICE ADMIRAL THAD ALLEN, U.S. COAST GUARD: Our concerns lie when you have the general population is returning in large numbers without the proper infrastructure to support them.
SHUSTER: And even President Bush today urged the New Orleans mayor to slow down.
BUSH: The mayor, you know, he has got this dream about having a city up and running, and we share that dream. But we also want to be realistic about some of the hurdles and obstacles that we all confront in repopulating New Orleans.
SHUSTER: But the mixed messages have confused many residents, who are reoccupying or visiting their homes anyway. The French Quarter suffered only limited water damage. And in the downtown business district, hotel and restaurants have begin to open, catering to the thousands of law enforcement and military troops patrolling the city.
One of the biggest fears the officials have for returning residents involves health care. New Orleans has more than a dozen hospitals, but none have resumed normal operations. And while a few clinics are rushing to reopen this week, health experts are concerned that some may be moving too quickly, before all the mold and contaminants are removed.
Furthermore, power lines and debris still liter many neighborhoods, including those that will be among the first to officially reopen. Other neighborhoods are simply uninhabitable. And federal officials say the standing water in parts of the city is still dangerous.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Really high levels of E coli and fecal coliforms creating a significant health hazard if you come in contact with it.
SHUSTER: But despite the pleas from the federal government, many residents of New Orleans seem to believe that the issue of when to return, that timetable, is an issue that they should decide for themselves.
And, as one resident argued to us last week, Chris, the federal government lost its credibility, according to this resident, several weeks ago. I suppose one of the big question is, what are the residents there going to do now that they see Hurricane Rita approaching?
MATTHEWS: What do you think the politics are? Why is the mayor in a rush to get his people back?
SHUSTER: The mayor is under a tremendous amount of pressure, because some of the suburbs to the north and west of New Orleans, Jefferson Parish, they have already been urged—those residents have been urged to go ahead and return to the city. You have got Aaron Broussard, the president of that Jefferson Parish, who is encouraging people to go back.
And there‘s the mayor with a host of problems and he wants to be able to keep up with some of the suburbs.
MATTHEWS: OK, thank you, David Shuster.
Aaron Broussard is the president of Jefferson Parish. He joins us by phone.
Just to get the geography straight, Mr. Broussard, your territory is outside the city limits of New Orleans? Or does it override a bit of it?
AARON BROUSSARD, JEFFERSON PARISH PRESIDENT: Sir, we are on the western edge of New Orleans. We have a population of a half-a-million people, same as New Orleans. In fact, temporarily, of course, we are the biggest parish in the state right now.
And with the eastern exposure gone, with the twin spans collapsed across the (INAUDIBLE) people have to get to Orleans, St. Bernard and Plaquemines Parish from the west. That means they‘re going to have to travel through my parish and we are glad to host them as they come through. Hopefully, we will be able to host them and help rebuild those three parishes with the resources that we will be able to start up faster, because our infrastructure was not damaged to the same degree.
BROUSSARD: And we were not contaminated to the same degree.
So, if we are fortunate, we have to take that fortunate circumstance and help our fellow parishes. And we are going to do that.
MATTHEWS: Who is right, the president—or, rather, the FEMA people, the admiral, Admiral Allen, Thad Allen, or the mayor?
BROUSSARD: Well, sir, if you have three blind people holding different parts of the elephant, they are all going to describe different parts of the elephant and what it looks like from them.
I think what you got from the mayor‘s point of view, he has got to go the Chamber of Commerce speech. He has got businesses telling him, look, if you don‘t announce New Orleans is reopened, we are going to have businesses moving their corporate offices. They‘re not going to come back. They are going to relocate not just around the region. They are going to relocate in other states and they are going to...
BROUSSARD: ... keep all their client base by cell phone.
So, you have him taking the Chamber of Commerce route because he is dying to tell people you have got to come back and we are going to help build New Orleans. You have got the admiral who is in charge thinking about the issues of levee protection and contamination and things that is he in charge of.
When you get on his side of the elephant, you are going, my goodness, safety first, security first, health first. And then you get the president, who is trying to balance, if you will—he is actually sitting on the seesaw between the mayor and FEMA. And you heard his comments. They were well scripted.
BROUSSARD: Look, we share the mayor‘s vision. Let‘s also share the admiral‘s timetable. And between a vision and a timetable, let‘s get a reasonable consensus.
MATTHEWS: Well, we have been through this Alphonse & Gaston routine before when the mayor said go to the Convention Center, wait there. The federal water will arrive. The federal water did not arrive. He says go back to the city now. Where does he think the water is going to come from for the people to drink when they get there?
BROUSSARD: Sir, each of us in our own parishes—and I am the same size as New Orleans, so each of us in our own parishes, we have a unique responsibility under emergency declarations.
Basically, it is a form of martial law and we are the martials. I do not question what my fellow marshal does. I do not question what Mayor Nagin does. I do not envy his situation.
BROUSSARD: And I just wish him the best and offer publicly my assistance in helping him jump-start New Orleans. I offer the same to Parish President Junior Rodriguez. I also offer the same to the Plaquemines Parish President Benny Rousselle. Whatever I can do to help, I will help. But I cannot help them if I comment negatively...
MATTHEWS: Let me give you a chance to be solid with your fellow mayor, our neighboring mayor. Do you think he was under pressure from the White House to open—to agree not to open his city?
BROUSSARD: Given what?
MATTHEWS: Do you think the mayor, Mayor Nagin, your neighbor mayor, the mayor of New Orleans, do you think the White House or FEMA pressured him to say he was not inviting the people back this week, as he had been...
BROUSSARD: I don‘t think they pressured him. I think they are trying to put in his face the arguments of what it takes to have a sustainable living condition.
BROUSSARD: The criteria that I made for people to return to Jefferson parish in phases was that we had to invite them to areas that had water, sewage and electricity.
Once an area met that criteria, then I reintroduced the population back to that geography. I did it in phases, because I could not at one moment invite everybody back to a sustainable living condition. That was my criteria. And I have stuck by it. And I invited everybody back home this weekend.
BROUSSARD: Because have I reached for the most part those three criteria, not that I am without power outage isolated, not that I am without sewage breaks.
BROUSSARD: But, for the most part, I could invite them back, because those three elements were met. And in the areas of the 17th Street Canal flooding, we went in there and we checked it out. We did not have any bacteria contamination.
MATTHEWS: Well, let me ask you about a fact of water.
We were told—I was watching “Meet the Press” this Sunday, yesterday. And Admiral Allen, Thad Allen, said there is no potable water, drinkable water, in New Orleans. The mayor obviously believes there is, I suppose. Isn‘t that a factual dispute?
BROUSSARD: Well, somebody ought to drink it and monitor them for 10 days and let that be the end of the dispute.
MATTHEWS: Do you think that is a safe way to go?
MATTHEWS: Mr. Broussard, I am impressed by your passion. But I want to go to something I have been thinking about for about 48 hours now. And I‘m sure you have been thinking about it.
MATTHEWS: That first kid in New Orleans....
BROUSSARD: ... competition, Chris.
BROUSSARD: Somebody has got to test it.
MATTHEWS: I want to ask you about the consequence of testing.
The first kid in one of those neighborhoods who puts his hand into this fecal water—and we all know what I mean by that. It looks like goo.
BROUSSARD: It‘s toxic soup. It‘s toxic soup.
MATTHEWS: And he puts it in his mouth and he dies because there is no 911 number, and there‘s no hospital around, who is going to pay the price for that?
BROUSSARD: Let‘s don‘t hypothet.
Let me give you a clear example.
BROUSSARD: A woman on the north shore—that would be up in St. Tammany Parish—last year, after one of the flooding events, was evacuating people from a nursing home on the north shore.
Now, I know this family personally. I will not mention their name. She was doing a very kind thing, something that should have been done in New Orleans or other areas, including my parish, where people were left in nursing homes. She was out evacuating old people and nursing patients by lifting them up and carrying them through waist-deep water to an ambulance, where they could be extracted.
Now, about a couple of months after that, suddenly, parts of her body
started to break down inexplicably. Ultimately—I will skip to the chase
about a month-and-a-half ago, she went into a coma. That‘s when they traced she had creosyl (ph) poisoning. They said, where in the world would this woman have been exposed to a creosyl plant?
BROUSSARD: Next door to the nursing home was an abandoned creosyl plant. When the water level got so deep into the soil, it pulled up the creosyl toxic chemicals. It floated into the nursing home and this lady got it in her body by simply carrying old people out.
Now, we don‘t need a hypothet.
BROUSSARD: That is how toxic this stuff can be. And that was from a flooding event on the north shore, not in downtown New Orleans.
MATTHEWS: And you can smell creosote. It smells like the Atlantic City boardwalk.
MATTHEWS: But it‘s awfully hard to detect.
BROUSSARD: Not when it‘s been underground for a number of years.
Well, I am asking you. You were kidding about—I know you were kidding lightheartedly having a Coke-Pepsi taste test here.
MATTHEWS: Well, how do you make sure you release the people? The mayor was saying, up until he used this reason of the oncoming Hurricane Rita later this week, he was ready to unleash 180,000 people back into the city. I spent last week there. And you are down there. There is a lot of crud down there. How do people stay away from it?
BROUSSARD: Sir, I‘m not there. I am in my own parish minding my own business.
BROUSSARD: But let me tell you what I do, sir.
I ask my water department, who is very, very competent, We have had no boil order. We had no boil orders and we had boil orders here.
BROUSSARD: For the most part, my parish initially had boil water orders on the west bank and the east bank. And then, gradually, as the water integrity got better, I lifted those boil orders.
BROUSSARD: Now, I did that in phases because everything is not ready at the same time.
But if my water people tell me it is ready to drink and they say lift the boil order, if FEMA stepped in and said, no, you are not ready to do it, well, I am going to fight FEMA on that, because I trust my people more than I trust FEMA.
MATTHEWS: You know, after the hurricane or the Tropical Storm Rita has passed by, we will be back to this conundrum again, this sort of standoff between the White House and the FEMA and those people at the federal level and the mayor of New Orleans.
So, I want to ask you a question that only you know how to answer. And I can‘t answer it. When you have to rebuild a city that has been basically stopped, like New Orleans and your parish has been stopped, what comes first? The workers coming back? The electricity coming back? The businesses coming back? Or the consumer coming back? How does it work?
BROUSSARD: The workers come back. You have to get the workers back first that can operate the machinery. You have to call in the National Guard, like I did. And you have to ask them to use that big equipment to snowplow your thoroughfares. That‘s what I did first.
BROUSSARD: You have to get your thoroughfares clear of the debris. Otherwise, nothing can move, no resources, no rescue, no nothing. You have to clear your major thoroughfares first.
Then you have to bring utility people in. Remember, I stopped my people from coming into the parish for about a week, until I could at least get the thoroughfares cleared. Then I told them, I am going to trust you to come in for a peek and turn. You can come in, look, document your damage, cry about it with your neighbors, then pack up your valuable things and get out.
BROUSSARD: They did it. Nobody believed that could be done, but it was done.
And when they left, I told them, get out as quickly as you can. I have an army of utility trucks of all types, from electricity to gas to sewage to water, they are waiting to come in here. But I have got to get you out first. You can‘t have Mr. and Mrs. McGoo riding around the parish gawking and sightseeing and going, honk, honk, road hog. Get that utility truck out the way.
MATTHEWS: I got you.
BROUSSARD: If you do that, then you back up your recovery period by weeks, if not months. So, I did that first.
You bring back the workers. Then you bring back the people to get a peek and turn. Then you bring back the utility companies to restore electricity, water and sewage.
MATTHEWS: OK. OK.
BROUSSARD: Then you bring the people back, sir. That is what I did. It worked for me. I don‘t know if it works for anybody else. But it has worked fine more me with a population of half-a-million people.
MATTHEWS: Aaron Broussard, you are a piece of work. I am really impressed by you, sir. Thank you for coming on. You speak in a very clear way, very evocative.
MATTHEWS: Thank you for coming on HARDBALL. Please come back.
BROUSSARD: This is hardball country down here right now, buddy.
MATTHEWS: I can see. Anyway, thank you very...
BROUSSARD: I haven‘t got a softball yet.
MATTHEWS: Well, thank you, Mr. Broussard. Thank you for joining us tonight.
And please come back again soon.
BROUSSARD: You bet.
MATTHEWS: Anyway, coming up, should New Orleans be reopened for business? We are arguing about it tonight. And is it safe for residents and tourists, because, once this Hurricane Rita goes by, we are going to be arguing this again?
We will be back with the top FBI special agent in New Orleans. What about the crime down there? What about the gangs lurking? We are going to talk about that.
You‘re watching HARDBALL, only on MSNBC.
MATTHEWS: Is New Orleans ready for the return of residents and visitors? And is it safe?
HARDBALL returns after this.
MATTHEWS: Jim Bernazzani is the FBI special agent in charge in Louisiana. He joins us now from Baton Rouge.
Jim, I met you last week when I was down there.
Let me ask you about this standoff between the mayor down there—there seems to have got a truce on it, a cease-fire on it late today—but a standoff as to whether it is right to go back into the city. Let‘s listen to the mayor right now, Jim.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
RAY NAGIN (D), MAYOR OF NEW ORLEANS: We are suspending all reentry into the city of New Orleans as of this moment. I am also asking everyone in Algiers to prepare to evacuate as early as Wednesday. I am also asking anyone who is on the east bank of Orleans Parish to also start to prepare yourselves to evacuate on Wednesday.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
MATTHEWS: In a security situation—I should say, in terms of security, safety of the streets down there, who is right, the federal government or the mayor, in terms of this standoff?
JIM BERNAZZANI, FBI SPECIAL AGENT: Well, relative to the FBI mission, irrespective of who is coming in two or who is leaving, the mission does not change.
The FBI here is to support DHS, the federal lead, the New Orleans Police Department, Louisiana State Police, in making sure the community is secure. If we have movements of peoples, they just provide unique opportunities to execute operations. But the fact of the matter remains that the FBI mission has not changed. We will continue to track down violent criminals and remove them within the legal construct, while, at the same time, setting up task forces to sense anomalies relative to white-collar crime and fraud.
MATTHEWS: Let me ask you about the street situation. We have had the 82nd Airborne down there. I met them down there. They‘re very impressive. More importantly, they‘re impressive to people who might think of criminal actions, because, apparently, for whatever reason, these guys armed with camouflage and M-16s intimidate criminal behavior.
Once they are removed from the site, are we facing more stressful situations for homeowners and property owners?
BERNAZZANI: Well, I don‘t think so.
I think our intelligence assessment is going to tell who is in town and how much of a problem we have. Relative to violent criminals, one of four things happened. They either drown, they are under arrest, they are holed up in areas where we can‘t get to them as quick as we could because of the water, or they are out of town.
And the FBI, with our law enforcement partners, has put together an intelligence assessment designed to track these individuals, to give us a baseline of intelligence, of knowledge, to understand the threat picture and understand the environment. And, right now, we have a window of opportunity to set this up, because most of the violent criminal activity we believe has either been neutralized or is out of town.
MATTHEWS: What about the elements—and I am not saying how many there were, but there are criminals, armed criminals, who were stalking the Superdome. Where did they go?
BERNAZZANI: Well, we are in the process right now, again, of—with an intelligence assessment designed to locate these individuals.
We have information indicating certain individuals are in select cities. And we have notified those local police departments. You have got to understand, Chris, prior to the storm, relatively speaking to per capita, New Orleans was the murder capital of the world. It was a very violent city.
And with our law enforcement partners, we did an intelligence assessment that identified both the top 100 most violent individuals in New Orleans.
BERNAZZANI: That intelligence assessment has been pushed to all 56 field offices with instructions to get with state and local law enforcement to begin the process to assess the displaced community from New Orleans to determine if any of those individuals, amongst the large numbers of law-abiding citizens, represent a problem for them and, if so, take appropriate action with the state statutes.
Let me ask you about—give me a design, if you can, of the kind of crime you have had in New Orleans all these years. Is it, like we had here in D.C. for a number of years, and still do, a crack business which is all based on violence and turf and people kill each other to keep their peace? Is it like that?
BERNAZZANI: Yes, it is like the Southeast back in the early ‘90s.
What we have here is a large youth population with no opportunity. And when you introduce automatic weapons, which are relatively new, the AK-47S and the SKS‘s, as well as crack cocaine, it is the only opportunity for these individuals to improve what they perceive to be a lousy quality of life.
BERNAZZANI: And there also is a perception in the community that the state judicial system has failed them. If you look at the state judicial system last year, relative to the incarceration rate of convictions, it stands, incredibly, at 7 percent.
And when the community feels the state judicial system has failed them, a second judicial system kicks in, street justice.
BERNAZZANI: And the killings beget the killings beget the killings.
And that is what we have right here.
MATTHEWS: Yes. I am one of these people that compares the number of people killed in Washington with the number of convictions for murder. And always I find it frightening to realize that a huge percentage of the killers are walking past me every day.
We will be right back with Jim Bernazzani of the FBI.
Up next, when will New Orleans be ready for residents and tourists to return? That is still the hot question still in dispute.
That‘s next when HARDBALL returns.
MATTHEWS: Back to HARDBALL.
We are back with Jim Bernazzani, who is the FBI special agent in charge of the New Orleans division.
Jim, it is great having you on the show.
What do you think was about this fight between the president, the FEMA on one side and the mayor of New Orleans about whether to let people back in? Where were you guys on—where was the FBI on that issue?
BERNAZZANI: The FBI was on the streets working investigations.
Irrespective of the agreement between the mayor and FEMA, the FBI‘s mission will continue. And that is, it runs the gamut from countering the next terrorist attack, to getting these violent criminals off the street, to ensuring that well-intended individuals who wish to donate are donating to real charities, and not some individual who is setting up a false Web site.
MATTHEWS: “The American Political Almanac,” which we all use in politics, I‘m holding a copy of it here. It is almost like our Bible.
It reads, “Louisiana often seems to be America‘s banana republic, its public sectors sometimes laced with corruption.”
How would you rate the public sector down there in terms of cleanliness? I‘m talking about the mayor‘s office, the parish presidencies, the governor‘s office, the rest of it?
BERNAZZANI: Well, as far from the FBI office, we have a tremendous working relationship with all government, whether it is state, federal or local, whether it is law enforcement or it‘s from the mayor‘s office or from the parish presidents.
We have no problem with that. What we do have here, unfortunately, is a target-rich environment relative to select individuals who would abuse their office for personal profit. Within the FBI, New Orleans ranks 19th in size, but we are third in public corruption convictions.
And the unintended consequence of public corruption is not only are they stealing from the people, but they are contributing to this violent crime landscape, in that companies from out of state will not invest in New Orleans, because they are sick and tired of the bribe and the kickback.
BERNAZZANI: And the intended consequence of this is two-fold. One, the city of New Orleans is denied tax windfalls that could provide programs for the youth to provide opportunity. And, two, the youth have no jobs.
And with this landscape, you get into this cycle.
BERNAZZANI: And when you have the relative collapse of the educational system and the problems with the perception of the state judicial system, we have the violent crime problem we have today.
MATTHEWS: Yes. Well, maybe some day, those people will learn that graft isn‘t colorful.
Anyway, thank you very much, Jim Bernazzani.
BERNAZZANI: My pleasure, Chris.
MATTHEWS: Up next, the latest on—from the ground in New Orleans.
Plus, how soon can businesses in New Orleans get up and running?
You‘re watching HARDBALL on MSNBC.
MATTHEWS: Welcome back to HARDBALL.
New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin suspended plans today to allow residents to reenter the city. It was late today he made the announcement.
MSNBC‘s Michelle Hofland joins us now with the latest—Michelle.
MICHELLE HOFLAND, NBC CORRESPONDENT: Good evening, Chris.
That is right. He may have done that. But I will tell you what. Looking on the roads around here, the folks still heading in to the city, heading in with trucks and tractors and flatbed trucks to get those things out of here, those people obviously don‘t know it. We saw some checkpoints, long lines of people trying to get into the city to get what they can out of their homes, their important documents and things like that.
I just left a few minutes ago St. Bernard Parish, where the sheriff there is—is, frankly, beside himself. He has all sorts of people, he said about 1,200 people inside his parish right now, including homeowners who are just beside themselves looking at what is left of their homes and very upset right now, and then also a number of contractors and all sorts of other people in there.
And he says he is going to order them out of the county tomorrow because of the hurricane that is headed towards this—the Gulf. He fears for their safety. So, he is going to order them out of the county tomorrow. He is very concerned about that, as well as a number of other people in this area. And, frankly, rain is the last thing that the people down here need. There are so many roofs that are still not closed and all of the mud and contamination.
He is very concerned about this upcoming storm and all the people who have been allowed back into the county—Chris.
MATTHEWS: Well, clarify this for New Orleans. Are the New Orleans people going to be sent back packing because of the oncoming hurricane or what? Are they going to stay there?
HOFLAND: Well, there is a, what is it—the dusk-to-dawn curfew.
So, they had to get out of here by nighttime anyway.
And, you know, there is still no freshwater to drink here, no electricity or anything else in much of the area. So, those people were supposed to leave anyway. In a lot of these areas, like St. Bernard Parish, there isn‘t any place for any of these people to stay. So, they were supposed to leave at nighttime, and I guess they will just not be allowed back in tomorrow.
But the concern is for some people who are trying to find someplace to stay down here, and they want to make sure that they get those people out of here before this other storm arrives.
MATTHEWS: Do you understand the mayor‘s position now? Is it that, because of the likelihood or possibility of being hit by another bad weather situation, in this case Tropical Storm Rita, that the people of New Orleans are not supposed to come back, in fact are not allowed to come back in the city? Is that the position of the city now?
HOFLAND: Well, that is what I understand.
That is—I actually didn‘t hear the press conference, because I was
I had to get a ride from somebody that was in St. Bernard‘s Parish, an environmental consultant. So, I was racing back here to get onto your show.
HOFLAND: And we didn‘t have any radio contact.
MATTHEWS: OK. I think that is the situation right now, because we just watched the mayor‘s press conference.
HOFLAND: Right. Right.
MATTHEWS: Hey, I am one of your biggest fans, Michelle. You are one street reporter. And, sometimes, you have to swim. You are the best.
HOFLAND: Well, thank you.
MATTHEWS: Thank you.
Thank you very much, NBC‘s Michelle Hofland in New Orleans.
Michael Olivier is the secretary of economic development of Louisiana. And he has been working on helping New Orleans and other areas get back to business. And Doug Brinkley is a regular on this program. He‘s a special historian, a longtime resident of New Orleans.
Let me go to Mr. Secretary, Mr. Olivier.
What does it take, if you had to do it in sequence—we did it with Broussard, Aaron Broussard, the president of the parish up there next door. What does it take to put a city back together? In what order do you need to put a city back together?
MICHAEL OLIVIER, LOUISIANA SECRETARY OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: Well, the first we have to do, obviously, is secure the city and dewater the city. And that is the main thing.
And I want to remind the viewers that we are not only talking about the city of New Orleans. We are talking about a 10-parish area. We are talking about 960,000 square miles of the area that‘s been impacted, in addition to the Mississippi coast and the Alabama coast that has been impacted.
We have got a lot to do in terms of getting ready, not only security, but getting all of our utilities back in play. And that is coming online pretty fast. Our port—our deep water port is back in action. We are making some great strides, as we try to attempt to bring some normalcy back to that region.
MATTHEWS: Is the mayor striding too fast in pushing to get the city reopened?
OLIVIER: Frankly, we were glad to see the mayor reopen the city, because we had a number of business—and that was the first case, was letting the businesses, allowing businesses access, so they could get their records, so they could make their SPA loans, so they could get to their insurance adjusters, because they have got to get back in business.
If they are delayed any longer, they won‘t be back in business and we will have a lot of insolvent businesses from that region that we just can‘t stand. We can‘t take that as a negative economic impact.
MATTHEWS: Is there a fear on the part of the mayor and other people in local politics down there in business that, if you let the residents stay away too long, they will never come back?
OLIVIER: No. The New Orleanians and the people in the river region are going to come back. We are convinced about that.
We are going to have to certainly give them some incentives and some good reasons to come back. And we are doing that. Our Governor Blanco is really working with our congressional delegation. We are working with the congressional delegations and the mayors of the other two states. We feel very positive about being able to produce a package of incentives that‘s going to be good for the individuals and good for businesses, as well as attracting new capital investment to the river region.
MATTHEWS: Explain, if you can, Mr. Secretary, the sequence of the last day, the events. What, from your backroom—back-of-the-room perspective, went on that got the president, the FEMA director, the—rather, the Admiral Allen, who is acting on this scene as FEMA director, to agree that it was time not to let the people come back into town, even though the mayor was pushing for it? How did this work out behind the scene?
OLIVIER: I don‘t know the detail about behind the scenes.
I can tell you that we—today, the governor participated in a media event, where the Procter & Gamble operations, the Folgers plants, which are coffee plants, were—a couple of them were put back into operation today.
They have four of them in the New Orleans river region. I think that is indicative of how we feel that we have to get back into a sense of business and bring people back to the city. I understand that, you know, at first, there was a concern for health issues. That concern has diminished. What we are hopeful of that we are going to get back into operations soon, save it for this storm that is coming, this new storm that is coming, Hurricane Rita.
Thank you. Hold on there. Thank you very much, Mr. Secretary, Michael Olivier, who is secretary of economic development for the state of Louisiana.
Let me go to Doug Brinkley.
Doug, you are a resident of New Orleans. What do you fear about going home, back to the city? What is—is it—is it the levees? Is it the crime? Is it the water quality?
DOUGLAS BRINKLEY, NBC ANALYST: Chris, I was there a weekend.
And let me make something very clear. Do not go back to New Orleans right now. If you are talking about economic reasons, yes, it might make sense. But when you‘re talking about people and lives, the answer is no. There is no—the sewage is everywhere on the streets. There is no electricity. There is no running water right now.
You would be delinquent, if you were a parent, like I am, with two kids to say, come on, let‘s go back to New Orleans right now. Mayor Nagin is dazed. He‘s confused. He is tired. He is making a lot of bad judgment calls right now. And I am very glad to hear, at the end of the day, he had a conference and decided to tell people, stay out.
We all want to get back home, but give it another week. It is not ready to inhabited yet.
MATTHEWS: I always assume rationality on the part of politicians who managed to get elected. And Nagin to me, I have a sharper image of him, perhaps, maybe more of a romantic notion. I think he is better than you just suggested.
But what is his political purpose in wanting the people to come back so fast?
BRINKLEY: Well, he obviously wants what he thinks is best for the city.
And you just heard the economic scenario. It is true that some of the people that saved New Orleans are people that are there right now. There are incredible stories of Royal Sonesta Hotel open and feeding people and trying to get the Slim Goodie diner open to give food and get New Orleans going again. We all want that.
But what we saw is that there is a lot of death and a lot of despair and that the public health concerns are real. My house, for example, is not in too bad a shape. But, when I went there, it‘s just electrical wires dangling all over the city, like spider legs. There is a smell of gas leaks everywhere.
BRINKLEY: And these things just need to be checked out for a few more days.
BRINKLEY: With the hurricane coming, let‘s give it a break and revisit it next week.
MATTHEWS: Thank you very much, Doug Brinkley. He‘s a professor at Tulane University.
And thank you, Michael Olivier, again, sir, secretary of economic development for the state of New Orleans—state of Louisiana.
Coming up, what will it take to get the New Orleans tourism industry back on its feet?
This is HARDBALL.
MATTHEWS: Still ahead, some residents of New Orleans are returning home. But is the levee system ready for another hit?
HARDBALL returns after this.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
NAGIN: I understand the federal government was a little excited about the plan. They didn‘t feel as though conditions were quite right. But my thought has always been that, if we have this many resources in the city working cooperatively, then we can correct just about any situation that was out there. The only thing that I really needed to know was what was the EPA‘s assessment of the health risks associated with the city of New Orleans?
(END VIDEO CLIP)
MATTHEWS: Welcome back to HARDBALL. That was New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin explaining his decision to suspend the reopening of the city.
I am joined now by Stephen Perry, the president and CEO of the New Orleans Convention and Visitors Bureau, and by David Cohen of WWL Radio in New Orleans.
Let me go David first.
As you understand it, what are the marching orders for the people of New Orleans between now and Thursday, when Rita is expected to arrive?
DAVE COHEN, WWL RADIO: Don‘t come in. If you were headed back to New Orleans or the metropolitan area, do not come in. Turn around. Go back where you were, and plan to stay there, while we wait to see what Rita does.
And for those people who are emergency workers, the state announced today they are putting together a plan right now, how they will get the National Guard out, the other military out and all the emergency workers out, particular if Orleans, Plaquemines and St. Bernard parishes, because they are afraid, if they are there when Rita comes ashore, they could end up being casualties.
MATTHEWS: Do you think there is a fear that the levees will break?
COHEN: The Army Corps of Engineers has indicated that the levee system is not what it was before Rita—I mean, before Katrina. And we saw that wasn‘t enough for Katrina.
So, that tells you that, if it wasn‘t enough for Katrina and now it is in disrepair—they have made temporary fixes. They are working on it, but the levee system is not what it was. And what it was, was not enough. So, I don‘t think the levee system can hold up. If we get another monster hurricane and if we end up with the same kind of storm surge, we in real trouble.
MATTHEWS: Stephen Perry, do you agree on behalf of business down there that the mayor was right or he was wrong in pushing to reopen the city so quickly?
STEPHEN PERRY, NEW ORLEANS CONVENTION AND VISITORS BUREAU: Chris, I think the real answer lies somewhere in between.
The critical factor right now is that business owners needed to get back into the city, as Secretary Olivier said. You had business owners that had to recapture their servers, their financial records, their databases with customers, and even some to get into the warehouses to recapture products.
If we had blocked them out of the city, you would have made it—you would have decimated numbers of companies and you would have harmed individuals. So, I think the real—the real hybrid answer to this is, people don‘t need to be coming and staying 24 hours a day, seven days a week. But you have got to let the residents get back to assess the condition of their homes, to take pictures for insurance, to understand, for their personal planning, Chris, whether they need to have their kids in school for the next six months in another district or whether it‘s going to be a longer period of time.
So, I—I—I think the truth lay somewhere in between. They were both a little bit right. But I think the dynamic has changed with the storm now, because, with that, I think every prudent individual knows New Orleans is not the place to be.
MATTHEWS: Steve Perry, Stephen Perry, do you trust the levees? We are looking at one right now being rebuilt, or it has been rebuilt. Do you trust them in a Category 2 or a Category 1 even?
PERRY: Chris, Chris, the levee—Chris, the levees are proven right now to have been temporarily repaired. And they are not ready to take higher-level storm damage and wind pressure.
PERRY: So, I think it is very important that we keep the city clear, but that, immediately thereafter, not necessarily going back to live as if nothing is wrong and nothing has changed. But I think it is critical that business owners and the occupants of the areas of New Orleans that were the least damaged, the French Quarter, the warehouse and arts district, the warehouse district...
PERRY: ... the Garden District, that they get back to assess their homes, because they are going to have to do some planning in their lives.
PERRY: But I think they‘re too prudent to stay all night.
MATTHEWS: I got you. Come back and visit, get your books, and head out.
Thank you very much, Stephen Perry of the hotel—of the industry of tourism down there.
And thank you very much, as always, WWL‘s David Cohen.
And up next, how safe is New Orleans from more floodings? We are talking about it. We are going to keep talking about it with the commander of the Louisiana Army Corps of Engineers.
You‘re watching HARDBALL on MSNBC.
MATTHEWS: Welcome back to HARDBALL.
So, where does the rebuilding of the levee system stand and can it withstand Hurricane Rita? Colonel Richard Wagenaar is the commander of the New Orleans District Army Corp of Initials.
Colonel Wagenaar, thank you for joining us.
A big question. If Katrina strikes again next week, the same type of hurricane, would it break through the levees?
COL. RICHARD WAGENAAR, NEW ORLEANS CORPS OF ENGINEERS: Boy, right now, we have minimal protection with the levee systems that are left after Katrina.
So, with Rita coming, we have got some intermediate actions we are going to take near term. Right now, the protection levels are pretty low.
MATTHEWS: So, if we got hit by a Category 3 or a 2 or a 1 even, we‘d be in trouble?
WAGENAAR: I can‘t say for a 1. And it really depends on the dynamics of the storm, but most likely we would have problems with any hurricane that would come into the system, either through storm surge or from significant amounts of rainfall.
MATTHEWS: So, we‘re less prepared now in terms of just dealing with the immediate challenge, if it comes as bad as Katrina, than we were before Katrina?
WAGENAAR: I would agree.
MATTHEWS: OK, let me ask you about the long term and the short term.
In the long term, do you think we might see a real state-of-the-art flood control system down there, like they have in Holland and places like that, where it‘s really a work of human genius?
WAGENAAR: I believe we are. Some of the engineers and the teams right now that are looking at New Orleans‘ future I think are looking at very long-term Category 5 protections, state-of-the-art type systems.
MATTHEWS: Is that a lot of money?
WAGENAAR: It will be a lot of money. Yes, it will.
MATTHEWS: Ten billion?
WAGENAAR: Hard to estimate. I think we will just have to see where the estimate comes out and let it go from there.
MATTHEWS: We‘re looking right now on the screen. It‘s a very appropriate screen. We‘re looking at piles of what look like cement bags. They were dumped to up seal up one of the levees, the big breach in the levee. How sound are they?
WAGENAAR: Generally, they‘re sound for what they‘re doing now and that‘s just passing water through the canal systems. Our plan right now is, if Rita comes in and gives us problems, we will seal off the ends of the two canals we had problems with. And that will prevent any water from coming from the lake into those canals.
MATTHEWS: What is the most vulnerable, the levee system, which are giant mounds of dirt and gravel, or the flood walls themselves that protect the canals? What is more vulnerable right now?
WAGENAAR: Right now, I think the one London Avenue Canal, we believe, is the most vulnerable from a structural integrity perspective.
MATTHEWS: That‘s the one that just blew open, right, because of the force of the water? One of them was—almost like a broadside of pressure from the water, right?
WAGENAAR: Right. And it had two holes in it, one in each side, the east and the west sides.
MATTHEWS: Do you know what it would have cost—this is a speculative question, but would we have had the damage to New Orleans, what you see right now, which could be months or perhaps years long, if we had a better system? And that may not be just a definitional question, but was it feasible to have a better system that would have worked?
WAGENAAR: Well, it‘s hard to say, because this was a Category 3 system that we had built and put in place. And so all the funding—you know, the hypotheticals are out there, but all the funding is balanced against everything else that‘s going on across the country. So...
WAGENAAR: I mean, I guess it would be feasible—would have been
feasible to build a Category 5 system. But, at the end of the day, was the
were—was the American people—were the American people willing to truly pay for a Category 5 system prior to this storm? That‘s hard to say.
MATTHEWS: Were the locals pushing for a Category 5 protection?
WAGENAAR: Well, I think they were. I think everybody realized that the city needed better protection. But they were also balancing that against other priorities in the area, to include coastal restoration.
So, let me ask you now. I know you‘re a military guy and not a political guy. But based upon what you‘ve experienced, is it logical to project the fact that the new reality is here and that what was not a priority, building a Category 5 protection system, a levee system and a flood wall system, that now there is that political will?
WAGENAAR: I think that there is right now.
I just hope—you know, America forgets very quickly. I just hope that the political will stay with this and we can look at a valid system for this region.
MATTHEWS: Would you open that up? If you were making the call, sir, Colonel, would you be opening up the bid?
Like, you know, we have watched the World Trade Center, the jockeying that is still going on there to pick a suitable structure and a suitable engineering firm to design it, to replace the World Trade Center, which was lost on September 11. Do you believe that there will be an international bidding to try to create the best state-of-the-art system? Or will it be more of the old cronyism and maybe graft that we have seen in the past?
WAGENAAR: Well, I think, interim wise, we‘re going with multiple contractors and work with the locals to make sure they get benefits from that.
Large—long term, we will see what the acquisition strategy is. But I think, you know, probably, we will go with a global type of contract and see who wins that. It could be a large U.S. contractor working with many local firms. It all depends.
MATTHEWS: Let me ask you a tough question. Did the flood walls break along the London Canal because of inferior materials that were below spec?
WAGENAAR: I don‘t know.
I—we right now are trying to—we‘re going to start planning and pulling out the material, the flood walls themselves, to look at them for an investigation to determine what happened. We don‘t know what happened. My—my people want to know as bad as everyone else, because they‘re locals. They designed—and they were built here. And so they want to know what happened to these walls just as bad as everyone else.
MATTHEWS: What institution was responsible for verifying the specifications, verifying the quality of the work and the materials used in constructing those flood walls that gave way?
WAGENAAR: It depends on which flood walls.
MATTHEWS: London. The London Canal.
WAGENAAR: ... between the Corps or an A.E. firm or the local levee district. It really depends on which specific one you‘re talking about.
MATTHEWS: Do you think someone will be held to account if there was foul play here or there was graft, inferior materials used?
WAGENAAR: That‘s hard to say, Chris. I really don‘t know.
MATTHEWS: OK. I know it was a tough question, perhaps an unfair one, but it‘s—I‘m curious about it.
Hey, sir, thank you very much. It‘s an honor to have you on. Thank you, Colonel Richard Wagenaar, commander of the Army Corps of Engineers in New Orleans.
WAGENAAR: Thank you.
MATTHEWS: Join us tomorrow night at 5:00 and 7:00 Eastern for more
Right now, it‘s time for “THE ABRAMS REPORT” with Dan.
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
Copy: Content and programming copyright 2005 MSNBC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Transcription Copyright 2005 Voxant,Inc. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. No license is granted to the user of this material other than for research. User may not reproduce or redistribute the material except for user‘s personal or internal use and, in such case, only one copy may be printed, nor shall user use any material for commercial purposes or in any fashion that may infringe upon MSNBC and Voxant, Inc.‘s copyright or other proprietary rights or interests in the material. This is not a legal transcript for purposes of litigation.