Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell said on Wednesday that Facebook's plan to build a digital currency called Libra "cannot go forward" until serious concerns were addressed, piling further pressure on the controversial project.
Policymakers globally have expressed serious concerns about the proposed cryptocurrency, but the strong comments from the most powerful financial regulator further underscores the growing regulatory hurdles for the project.
"Libra raises many serious concerns regarding privacy, money laundering, consumer protection and financial stability," Powell said during his semi-annual testimony on monetary policy before the House of Representatives Financial Services Committee.
"I don't think the project can go forward" without addressing those concerns, he added later in the hearing.
Powell said any regulatory review of the recently announced project should be "patient and careful," while acknowledging digital currencies do not fit cleanly within existing rules.
"It's something that doesn't fit neatly or easily within our regulatory scheme but it does have potentially systemic scale," he said. "It needs a careful look, so I strongly believe we all need to be taking our time with this."
"We are very much aligned with the Chairman around the need for public discourse on this," Facebook spokeswoman Elka Looks said in an email. "This is why we along with the 27 other Founding Members of the Libra Association made this announcement so far in advance, so that we could engage in constructive discourse on this and get feedback."
Powell's stern tone about Libra and his insistence that it cannot move forward unless regulators’ concerns are addressed knocked the price of bitcoin, the original cryptocurrency, sharply lower.
Bitcoin fell as much as 7 percent over the course of Powell’s three hours of testimony.
Since Facebook revealed its plans to launch Libra on June 18, a move seen as adding legitimacy to the crypto market, bitcoin has rallied by more than 30 percent, climbing back to near $14,000 late last month. By mid-afternoon on Wednesday it was trading at $12,268.99, down 2.4 percent on the day. Facebook shares, too, took a bit of a hit during Powell’s appearance before the committee, although they largely recovered that lost ground and were trading 1.3 percent higher at $201.89 a share.
It is unclear exactly how the Fed could slow the project if it wanted, given the murky regulatory treatment of digital currencies, but Powell's perspective looms large. Facebook officials are scheduled to testify about the project later this month in Congress, where senior lawmakers have raised data privacy and other concerns.
Powell said the Fed has established a working group to follow the project and is coordinating with other central banks across the globe. He also expects the Financial Stability Oversight Council, a panel of regulators charged with identifying broad risks to the financial system, will also review the idea.
Powell noted that he supports financial innovation as long as appropriate risks are identified, but he said the massive platform enjoyed by Facebook immediately sets Libra apart from other digital currency projects.
"Facebook has a couple billion-plus users, so I think you have for the first time the possibility of very broad adoption," he said.
Any problems that could emerge through Libra "would arise to systemically important levels just because of the mere size of Facebook."