updated 10/28/2007 11:01:44 PM ET 2007-10-29T03:01:44

Iowa Democrats voted Sunday to move their leadoff precinct caucuses to Jan. 3, the same date Republicans picked earlier this month, letting both parties continue the tradition of meeting on the same night.

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The state's precinct caucuses had been scheduled for Jan. 14, but the parties decided to move them up under pressure from other states rushing to the beginning of the primary calendar.

The move, confirmed by party spokesman Chris Allen, means the major remaining question about the calendar is the New Hampshire primary, originally scheduled for Jan. 22.

New Hampshire Secretary of State Bill Gardner has said only that he would schedule that primary no later than Jan. 8.

Both Gov. Chet Culver and Sen. Tom Harkin, the state's top two Democrats, had pushed for the Jan. 3 date, and Iowa Democratic chairman Scott Brennan last week made that recommendation to the party's state Central Committee, which approved it Sunday night.

"As a practical matter, I think it will maintain Iowa's first-in-the nation status," Brennan said after the vote.

Not done maneuvering?
Asked if the issue could be revisited if another state moved ahead of Iowa, Brennan said "certainly that's a consideration," but he added that he felt it would be the final say in the matter.

"The governor is pleased that it appears we will be first and we will have the caucuses in January," said Culver spokesman Brad Anderson. "It is what he has said all along."

The decision was the latest dramatic development in a historically early White House competition that has defied precedent in terms of jockeying for position, earlier than ever campaign debates, early large campaign expenditures, broadcast advertisements and hundreds of candidate appearances.

Sunday's decision was eagerly awaited by the various presidential campaigns which have been building huge organizational operations in the state as well as spending heavily on advertising.

Mark Daley, a spokesman for Hillary Rodham Clinton's Iowa campaign, said campaign strategists build a detailed timetable counting backward from the day the caucuses will be held.

"It's good to know what the date is, because we build backwards from the caucus date," Daley said. "We've done some hypotheticals, but it's nice to have some finality."

Daley said most campaigns were less worried about the precise date, than having one selected so planning could begin.

Dan Leistikow, who runs John Edwards' campaign in the state, agreed.

"I think that's true for all the candidates," he said. "It's good to have some finality in the process."

For decades, Iowa's precinct caucuses have marked the first major test of strength in the presidential nominating season, followed by New Hampshire which holds the nation's first primary election.

That early position in the nominating calendar brings the two states enormous attention from presidential candidates, and gives them a heavy role in the selection of the nominees.

In this cycle, however, other states have sought to get a piece of the action _ even to the point of running afoul of their party establishments. They want the attention and increased influence that early balloting brings and feel they can do this by moving up in the campaign calendar.

Florida set its primary for Jan. 29, and Michigan is planning a Jan. 15 primary. Those decisions forced South Carolina to move up its date as well.

Copyright 2007 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.


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