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Judgment at Nuremberg

A glance at the defendants at the Nuremberg tribunal and their fates.
/ Source: The Associated Press

A glance at the defendants at the Nuremberg tribunal and their fates.

— Hermann Goering, commander of air force and departments of fanatical SS elite forces. Escaped the gallows by committing suicide.

— Rudolf Hess, Hitler’s deputy. Arrested after flying to Scotland in 1941 in what some have speculated was a secret peace effort. Sentenced to life imprisonment; committed suicide in Berlin’s Spandau prison in 1987.

— Alfred Jodl, senior military official and strategic adviser to Hitler. Hanged.

— Ernst Kaltenbrunner, high-ranking SS official, headed central Nazi intelligence organization and several concentration camps. Hanged.

— Wilhelm Keitel, commander of armed forces. Hanged.

— Joachim von Ribbentrop, foreign minister, negotiated deal to divide Baltic countries and Poland with Soviet Union. Hanged.

— Alfred Rosenberg, Nazi party philosopher and ruler of occupied territories in Eastern Europe. Hanged.

— Fritz Sauckel, headed slave labor program for German factories. Hanged.

— Julius Streicher, anti-Jewish propagandist. Hanged.

— Hans Frank, leader of occupied Poland. Hanged.

— Wilhelm Frick, interior minister. Hanged.

— Arthur Seyss-Inquart, instrumental in takeover of Austria, later gauleiter of occupied Netherlands. Hanged.

— Erich Raeder, head of German navy to 1943. Life in prison. Released in 1955 due to illness. Died in 1960.

— Baldur von Schirach, head of Hitler Youth. Twenty years. Released in 1966, died in 1974.

— Albert Speer, minister of armaments. Twenty years. Released in 1966, died in 1981.

— Karl Doenitz, head of German navy from 1943. Became president of Germany after Hitler’s death. Ten years.

— Walter Funk, minister of economics. Life imprisonment.

— Konstantin von Neurath, protector of Bohemia and Moravia, resigned in 1943. Fifteen years.

Hans Fritzsche, head of news division of propaganda ministry.

Franz von Papen, German chancellor in 1932 and Hitler’s vice-chancellor from 1933, later ambassador to Turkey.

Hjalmar Schacht, prewar president of national bank. Acquitted.

Martin Bormann, Nazi party secretary, was sentenced to death in absentia; it was later thought he had died in Berlin in the final days of the war.