Reassuring signs on employment and growth in the service industry got the stock market back on an upward trajectory Wednesday.
Major indexes rose moderately after reports showed private sector hiring and services activity both grew more than expected in July. The Dow Jones industrial average rose 44 points.
Investors were relieved that the two reports provided no signs that the economy might be headed back into recession, even though growth might be sluggish. Traders have grappled with earnings and economic reports at odds with each other in recent weeks that provide a mixed picture about the pace of recovery.
The latest batch of earnings were largely better than expected, continuing a trend that has been seen over the past four weeks. Broadcaster CBS Corp., video game maker Electronic Arts Inc., online travel site Priceline.com Inc. and Anadarko Petroleum Corp. all climbed. Whole Foods Market Inc. was one of the few to report disappointing results.
The market has been mainly climbing over the past month on encouraging earnings and corporate profit forecasts. The Dow has gained 10.3 percent since closing at its lowest level of the year on July 2.
Despite the upbeat earnings and better-than-expected economic reports, many investors remain tentative ahead of the Labor Department's monthly employment report. Quincy Krosby, Prudential Financial's market strategist, said the market needs much more than one positive report on private sector employment to gain confidence that the pace of recovery will speed up.
"ADP was positive, but when all is said and done, the market needs stronger confirmation to grind higher," Krosby said. Until then, stocks are likely to trade in a tight range, she said.
The Dow Jones industrial average rose 44.05, or 0.4 percent, to 10,680.43. The Standard & Poor's 500 index rose 6.78, or 0.6 percent, to 1,127.24, while the Nasdaq composite index rose 20.05, or 0.9 percent, to 2,303.57.
The Dow's rise Wednesday more than erased a 38-point loss from a day earlier when reports on personal income and spending and factory orders fell short of expectations.
Nearly three stocks rose for every one that fell on the New York Stock Exchange, where volume came to a light 975 million shares.
Volume remains light, which means the few people in the market are mainly professional traders, said Bob Phillips, managing partner at Spectrum Management Group. Those types of investors typically trade quickly on the latest piece of news to be released, Phillips said. That adds to market volatility.
The confirmation investors are looking for in the jobs market could come in the next two days when the Labor Department releases its weekly report on initial claims for jobless benefits and its monthly employment report.
The ADP report is often seen as an early indicator of what the more important monthly jobs report from the Labor Department will look like. That report, which is broader and includes government as well as private sector employment, is due out Friday. It's expected to show private employers added 90,000 jobs last month and the unemployment rate rose to 9.6 percent from 9.5 percent in June.
ADP said private employers added 42,000 jobs last month, slightly better the forecasts of economists polled by Thomson Reuters.
People worried about their jobs have cut back on shopping and avoided big purchases like new homes, which has stifled growth across many sectors of the economy. Analysts have said the economy and the stock market could remain stagnant until there are clear signs of significant job growth.
The ISM's service sector index rose to 54.3 in July from 53.8 in June. That's better than the 53 forecast by economists and indicates expansion for the largest component of the country's economy. Any reading above 50 indicates growth.
The ISM report was especially encouraging because the services sector accounts for the majority of employment in the country, so growth there could indicate new jobs being added. It also comes two days after ISM said the manufacturing sector continued to grow in July. That report sparked big gains in the market.
Paul Zemsky, head of asset allocation at ING Investment Management, said economic reports are starting to fall more inline with expectations after regularly falling short of forecasts throughout the second quarter.
"The negative data we saw late in the second quarter caused people to lower their expectations," Zemsky said. The more modest expectations investors now have could give the market room to move higher, Zemsky said.
Investors sold Treasurys to move into stocks, sending interest rates in the bond market higher. The yield on the 10-year Treasury note, which moves opposite its price, rose to 2.95 percent from 2.92 percent late Tuesday. That yield helps set rates on mortgages and other consumer loans.
Priceline.com surged $47.01, or 20.4 percent, to $277.68. CBS rose 49 cents, or 3.3 percent, to $15.50. Electronic Arts jumped $1.20, or 7.4 percent, to $17.38, while Anadarko rose $2.17, or 4.1 percent, to $55.31. Whole Foods fell $3.38, or 8.6 percent, to $36.11.
Overseas, Japan's Nikkei stock average fell 2.1 percent. A stronger yen hurt Japanese exporters, driving down stocks prices. The yen hit a nine-month low against the dollar.
Britain's FTSE 100 fell 0.2 percent, Germany's DAX index rose 0.4 percent, and France's CAC-40 rose 0.4 percent.